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  1. A crystalline solid that is held together by ionic bonds. Ionic compound. a compound that has Ionic bonds. Octet rule. Main group elements tend to undergo reactions that leave them with 8 Electrons. Polyatomic Ions. Ions that are composed of 2 or more atoms are called polyatomic ions. An Ion that is composed of one or more atoms.

  2. Nov 21, 2017 · So its state symbol will be $\text{(aq)}$. Hydrogen on the other hand is a gas (at room temperature and above) and highly insoluble in water: it will leave the reaction as gas and its state symbol will be $\text{(g)}$. So without knowing the physical/chemical properties of the reagents/reaction products, the state symbols cannot be determined.

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  4. Jan 22, 2023 · Chemical symbols are abbreviations for chemical elements, functional groups, and compounds used in chemistry. Chemical element symbols are normally made up of one or two Latin letters, with the first letter capitalized. An element is the purest version of a chemical in chemistry, containing only atoms and unable to be broken down further.

  5. The tendency of an atom in a molecule to attract the shared pair of electrons towards itself is known as electronegativity. It is a dimensionless property because it is only a tendency. It basically indicates the net result of the tendencies of atoms in different elements to attract the bond-forming electron pairs.

    • 12 min
    • Brief Introduction of Quantum Numbers
    • What Are Quantum numbers?
    • Quantum Number Values
    • Principal Quantum Number
    • Azimuthal Quantum Number
    • Magnetic Quantum Number
    • Spin Projection Quantum Number
    • Background of Quantum Numbers
    • Multiplicative Quantum Numbers
    • Atomic Orbital

    Quantum numbers are used to define the trajectory and movement of an electron within an atom. Additionally, the quantum numbers of every electron in an atom are combined; it should obey the Schrodinger equation. Notably, this is a crucial topic in your syllabus. Not only do you need to learn about this topic for your syllabus, but also because it i...

    The position and energy of an electron in an atom are described by quantum numbers, which are a collection of numbers. An atom is made up of a vast number of orbitals that are distinguishable from one another by their shape, size, and spatial orientation. The orbital properties are utilised to thoroughly define an electron's state and are expressed...

    No two electrons in an atom may have the same set of quantum numbers, according to the Pauli exclusion principle. A half-integer or integer value is used to represent each quantum number.
    The number of the electron's shell is the primary quantum number, which is an integer. The value is one or more (never 0 or negative).
    The value of the electron's orbital is represented by the angular momentum quantum number (s=0, p=1). l is less than or equal to n-1 and bigger than or equal to zero.
    With integer values ranging from -l to l, the magnetic quantum number is the orbital's orientation. As a result, for the p orbital, where l=1, m might be -1, 0, or 1.

    This principal quantum number portrays the electron shell or energy level of an atom. Here, the value on ‘n’ starts from one and gradually increases to the shell that contains the outermost electron of a particular atom. For instance, in caesium (Cs), the outermost valence electron within the shell has energy level 6. Hence, the ‘n’ value of an ele...

    The azimuthal quantum number is commonly known as the angular or orbital quantum number. Moreover, it describes the subshell of an electron and its magnitude of the orbital angular momentum via relation. Additionally, in spectroscopy or chemistry where ℓ = 0, it is known as an s orbital, ℓ = 1 is a p orbital, ℓ = 2 represents a d orbital, ℓ = 3 is ...

    Magnetic quantum numbers articulate the energy available in a subshell and estimate the orbital angular momentum along a specific axis. Moreover, values associated with mℓ ranges between – to ℓ, but integer steps are associated. Additionally, the ‘s’ is a subshell where ℓ=0 has one orbital. Therefore, mℓ of an electron within a ‘s’ subshell will be...

    The fourth number on this list, quantum numbers spin, describes intrinsic angular momentum or ‘spin’ of an electron within an orbital. Moreover, it provides a projection of the spin angular momentum (s) along a particular axis. Additionally, the values of ms r start from –s to s. Here, ‘s’ defines the spin quantum number, an inherent property of pa...

    The work of Broglie and Bohr have established how electrons have diverse discrete energy levels associated with their atomic radius. This model offered a comparatively, simpler spherical view. Moreover, this model by Bohr and Broglie indicated how the energy level of electrons is related to their principal quantum number. However, there are no nume...

    One negligible yet confusing point, which is related to the quantum numbers is that a large portion of these numbers is additive. Hence, in an elementary particle reaction, the sum value of such a number must be similar before and after a reaction. However, some of these numbers, which are typically called parity, are multiplicative. It means their...

    Solving the Schrodinger equation results in obtaining a set of mathematical functions called wave functions. It indicates the probability of locating electrons at specific energy levels in an atom. Additionally, this wave function for an electron within an atom is called the atomic orbital. Moreover, it indicates a space where the probability of fi...

  6. An oxidizing agent (often referred to as an oxidizer or an oxidant) is a chemical species that tends to oxidize other substances, i.e. cause an increase in the oxidation state of the substance by making it lose electrons. Common examples of oxidizing agents include halogens (such as chlorine and fluorine), oxygen, and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ).