constitution: [noun] the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it. a written instrument embodying the rules of a political or social organization.
Sep 27, 2010 · The opinion may begin with a quotation from the text. "The Fourth Amendment provides . . .," the opinion might say. Then, having been dutifully acknowledged, the text bows out. The next line is "We"-meaning the Supreme Court-"have interpreted the Amendment to require . . . ." And there follows a detailed, careful account of the Court's precedents.
Nov 12, 2020 · Meaning. Constitutionalism is a philosophy which is evolutionary in nature. But the central point of Constitutionalism is a “Limited Government”. Constitutionalism recognises the need for a government but at the same time also insists upon restraining its (government’s) power.
Jun 06, 2022 · A paper covering the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act and the Policy at the Inaugural Human rights and Policing Conference held in Melbourne over the 8th-10th of December 2008. The paper covers the impact of the New Zealand Bill of Rights on domestic jurisprudence, the reception of the Act by the New Zealand Police and its consequences for them.
Written constitutionalism was a distinctively American innovation, and one that the framing generation considered the new nation’s greatest contribution to the science of government. The word “preamble,” while accurate, does not quite capture the full importance of this provision.
The Bill of Rights is part of the laws of New Zealand. The Act was invoked in the 1976 case of Fitzgerald v Muldoon and Others ,  which centred on the purporting of newly appointed Prime Minister Robert Muldoon that he would advise the Governor-General to abolish a superannuation scheme established by the New Zealand Superannuation Act ...
A constitutional right can be a prerogative or a duty, a power or a restraint of power, recognized and established by a sovereign state or union of states. Constitutional rights may be expressly stipulated in a national constitution, or they may be inferred from the language of a national constitution, which is the supreme law of the land, meaning that laws that contradict it are considered ...