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  1. The Bill of Rights is part of the laws of New Zealand. The Act was invoked in the 1976 case of Fitzgerald v Muldoon and Others , [54] which centred on the purporting of newly appointed Prime Minister Robert Muldoon that he would advise the Governor-General to abolish a superannuation scheme established by the New Zealand Superannuation Act ...

  2. Two areas: Bill of Rights and separation of powers. Bill of rights: concerns the rights guaranteed to persons in Chapter 2 of the Constitution. Law and conduct may not violate these rights; if it does, that law or conduct is unconstitutional. Separation of powers: concerns the powers and duties given to arms of state by the Constitution.

  3. In 1798, President John Adams signed the Alien and Sedition Acts, which were passed by the Federalist-dominated 5th United States Congress. They made it harder for an immigrant to become a citizen (Naturalization Act), allowed the president to imprison and deport non-citizens who were known as dangerous ("An Act Concerning Aliens", also known as the "Alien Friends Act" of 1798) or who were ...

  4. One hears lively debate over whether the Constitution should be read as a “living” document. Some argue that judges should search for the Constitution’s “original meaning,” that is, the meaning ascribed it to by its framers, augmented perhaps by tradition and precedent. Others see the document as more organic.

  5. Mar 30, 2006 · Nevertheless, recent Presidents have frequently used the occasion of signing a bill into law to issue statements that contend that portions of the bill are unconstitutional, claim a law is of limited application, or otherwise signal that a law will be implemented strictly in accord with the President's views of the office's prerogatives and ...

  6. Jun 22, 2022 · These three documents, known collectively as the Charters of Freedom, have secured the rights of the American people for more than two and a quarter centuries and are considered instrumental to the founding and philosophy of the United States. Declaration of Independence Learn More The Declaration of Independence expresses the ideals on which the United States was founded and the reasons for ...

  7. Dec 06, 2021 · On May 13 2021, the government of Quebec tabled Bill 96, An act respecting French, the official and common language of Québec [“Bill 96”]. The Bill aims to further promote the French language and respond to growing concern among Francophones that French is on the decline in Quebec. However, instead of focusing on improving the quality of French in schools and supporting people to ...

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