The two main traditions of Indian classical music are Carnatic music, which is practised predominantly in the peninsular (southern) regions, and Hindustani music, which is found in the northern, eastern and central regions.
Aug 23, 2010 · Thebhajanis the most popular form of Hindu devotional composition in north India. Lyrically, bhajans eulogize a particular deity and frequently retell episodes from the Hindu scriptures.
One of the most popular Indian music forms is the Filmi music. Hindi film industry, popularly known as Bollywood, along with Indian regional film industries, produces thousands of films a year, most of which are musicals and feature elaborate song and dance numbers.
Many Indian songs have acquired a popular place in global music scenario. Internationally most popular Indian songs, according to me are two - One the classic - Mera joota hai Japani And the other - Jai ho
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- Ghoomar. Ghoomar, a very popular dance of Rajasthan which is inhabited from ancient days. During the times of Kings, this dance form was performed to entertain the kings.
- Bhavai Dance. Bhavai is a skillful and wonderful dance performance by the women balancing 6 to 7 brass or earthen pots on the head. To perform this traditional dance form needs great effort and hard work.
- Kalbelia. Kalbelia dance form popularly known as “Sapera Dance” or “Snake Charmer Dance” and also recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Cultural Heritage.
- Chari or Pot Dance. Chari is a traditional dance form by the Kishangarh and Saini communities which is followed during some special occasions like festivals.
India's central government has 23 constitutionally recognized official languages. State governments use their respective official languages. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in the northern parts of India. The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of the "Hindi Belt".
For a more comprehensive list, see Indian Music Industry, Music of Bollywood, Indian pop, and Pakistani pop. The following list includes both Indian and Pakistani albums, due to their music industries being closely linked.
The Republic of India is the worlds seventh largest country by area as well as the world's second most populous country. The country has a population of more than 1.2 billion people. There are several religions practiced in the country including Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Jainism, Islam, and Zoroastrianism. Following the market reforms of 1991, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and is home to the third largest economy by purchasing power parity. However, the population still faces challenges such as malnutrition, corruption, poverty, and inadequate healthcare. India is mainly defined by the various cultures highlighted by the different ethnic groups.
There is no single Indian language. Instead, India is home to several major languages, the most notable of which are looked at below. More than 20 languages are commonly spoken in India. Such other languages include Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, and Odia. The many languages in India do not hinder communication between different language speakers as most of the Indians are multilingual. The majority of the Indians can speak English, Hindi, and one mother tongue. English is no longer considered a foreign language since it is popular and the most common mode of communication between the people in the south and north of India. Nonverbal communications such as gestures are also popular forms of communication among different language group in the country. Hindi is the most spoken language in India. It is also one of the country's official languages. Hindi is also the fourth most spoken language in the world after Mandarin, Spanish, and English. Currently, there are 551,416,518 Hindi speakers in India. Hindi is a descendant of Sanskrit and has been influenced by the Dravidian language, Arabic, Portuguese, English, Persian, and Turkic. The dialects of Hindi include Awadhi, Braj and Khari Boli. Hindi words are divided into five categories, namely Tatsama, Ardhatatsama, Tadbhava, Deshaj, and Videshi. Alongside Hindi, the English language is one of the official languages of the federal government of India. In some states of India, such as Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh, English is an official language. English has been taught in schools in India since the days of the East India Company in the 1800s. Although English used to solely be associated with colonialism, the language has slowly lost that connotation over recent years as English has become a more prominent global language. Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language mostly spoken in South Asia. It is the foremost language in most of the states in the northeastern regions of India, including Andaman and Nicobar Island. Bengali was initially a secular language of old Indo-Aryan and was influenced by Persian and Arabic. The language varies in different states especially in the use, accent, words, and phonetics. Bengali is the second most spoken language in India with over 83,369,769 people speaking it in the country. The language is also spoken in the Middle East, US, Australia, Japan, UK, and Canada. The Bengali language is part of the program offered by the University of Karachi. Indias national anthem was written in the Bengali language. Telugu is a Dravidian language spoken widely in India and dominates a number of states in the country. The language is mainly spoken in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Yanam. Its dialect includes Berad, Vadaga, Dommara, Salewari, Nellore, Komtao and Kamathi among other dialects. The language is also spoken in several countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, the United Arab Emirates, and South Africa. Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language that serves as an official language of states in the western portion of the country, including Goa and Maharashtra. There are approximately 42 different dialects spoken of Marathi. There are three genders in Marathi grammar. Tamil is a language with Dravidian roots. While it is a official language of both Singapore and Sri Lanka, it is also a widely spoken language in India. Around 67 million people in the country speak Tamil. Tamil is notable for being one of the oldest surviving languages in the world. It has a literary tradition dating back more than 2,000 years. Most Tamil languages are found in southern India, near the coast of Sri Lanka. Kannada, like Tamil, is also a Dravidian language. It is spoken by just over 50 million people in India. Kannada is one of the oldest surviving languages in the world. Outside of India, Kannada is also spoken in places like Australia, the United States, and Canada. Many of these speakers are members of the Indian diaspora. There are estimated to be around 20 different dialects of Kannada. Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken by around 50 million people in India. It is the official language of Gujarat, a state in northwestern India. Guarati evolved from Sanskrit.
There are around 59 million Urdu speakers in India. Urdu also serves as one of the country's official languages. the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, and Jharkhand all list Urdu as an official language. Urdu is also the official language of Pakistan. Urdu is a form of Hindustani. Odia is an official language of India. It is spoken by around 37 million speakers throughout the country, although most speakers are concentrated in the state of Odisha.
- Hindi - 52.83 crore speakers. Hindi is the most spoken language in India. It is one of the official languages of the country. According to the 2011 census, the number of people who speak Hindi as a mother tongue has increased in 2011 as compared to the 2001 census.
- Bengali - 9.72 crore speakers. India's second most spoken language is Bengali, which is spoken by 9.72 crore citizens i.e. 8.03 percent of the total population.
- Marathi - 8.30 crore speakers. A total of 8.30 crore people speaks Marathi in the country, which is 6.86 percent of the total population. Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language which is spoken as the official language of the states in the western part of the country, including Goa and Maharashtra.
- Telugu - 8.11 crore speakers. Telugu is a Dravidian language which is widely spoken in India in many states of the country. This language is mainly spoken in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Yanam states.
In each language service, the program consists of news, commentary, a press review, talks on matters of general or cultural interest, feature programmes, documentaries and music from India and the target region. Most programs originate at New Broadcasting House on Parliament Street in New Delhi, with a few originating at SPT Bengaluru, Chennai ...