Apr 25, 2017 · It is also the most populous city in all of Central America with a population of 0.99 million people as per 2015 statistics. It was established in 1776 after an earthquake destroyed the then capital city, Antigua Guatemala. The city was also hit by an earthquake in 1917 and 1918, after which it was rebuilt using modern architecture.
Largest cities. This list includes all South American cities with a population within city limits exceeding 500,000 according to official census figures, estimates or projections as of 2015, the most recent year for which official population census results, estimates or short-term projections are available for all of these cities.
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Sao Paolo is the largest city in Brazil as well as South America with a metropolitan population of around 21.7 million. It is the 12th largest city in the world by population. The proximity of the city to the Atlantic Ocean (only 70 kilometers away), makes it an ideal location as an international business center. Sao Paolo has the largest economy by Gross Domestic Product in South America, and the 10th largest GDP of any city in the world. The lucrative economic potential of the city has turned it into a truly cosmopolitan one, with large Japanese, Arabian, and Italian diasporas.
The Argentinian city of Buenos Aires is the second most populous city on the South American continent. As per UN estimates, more than 89% of Argentinas population resides in urban areas, and one-third of the population dwells in and around Buenos Aires. The city, located in a strategic position on the western shore of the Rio de la Plata estuary, has easy access to the Atlantic Ocean. Of the nearly 15 million people living in Buenos Aires, many are immigrants who have moved into the country in a massive immigration wave from the European and Middle Eastern countries in search of a better life.
Bogota, the capital of Colombia, is the fourth largest city in South America by population with a metro population of 10.6 million. Over recent years, Bogota has become more and more popular among tourists. Geographically, Bogota is centrally located in Colombia. Lima, the capital of Peru, has a metro population of 10.4 million people. It is the fourth largest city in South America. As a capital city, Lima is the center for culture and financial activity in Peru. It is the largest city found in the northern portion of South America.
- Oishimaya Sen Nag
Aug 18, 2017 · Its population accounts for 26% of Guatemala's total population, and ranks as the most populous Central American city. The origins of the Guatemala City region can be traced back to when the Mayans established a city at Kaminaljuyu, while Spanish colonizers built a small town, which was named the capital city in 1775. After Central America's ...
- Joyce Chepkemoi
The city still has many of its Spanish colonial architecture and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1991. Brazil - Brasília. Brasília was inaugurated as the federal capital of Brazil in 1960. The capital is Brazil’s fourth-most populous city with over 4.6 million people and has South America’s highest GDP per capita.
- United Republic of Tanzania
- South Africa
Orphan population: 3.1 million It is estimated that out of more than three million orphans living in Tanzania, up to 1.8 million lost parents due to AIDS. The second leading cause of children becoming parentless is widespread poverty that affects a third of country’s population. The majority of orphaned children are parental orphans, followed by maternal, while 1.1 percent of all orphans lost both parents. Orphans in Tanzania, as in other places on this list, are more vulnerable than children living in nuclear families. However, the difference in levels of disadvantagebetween these two groups is not as high as one might expect as total Tanzania’s child population is exposed to similar risks – poverty, illnesses, exploitation.
Orphan population: 3.5 million In the country that has the highest number of HIV-infected persons, almost half of all orphans lost parents to the AIDS-related condition. The majority of orphaned children lost a father, smaller percent lives without a mother, while around 700.000 lost both parents. Unicef also estimates that around 150.000 children live in child-headed households that are mainly located in rural or urban informal areas and run by females who often drop out from school. The main needsof the children who take care of households are food, secure housing, access to health care, hygiene and education. They equally need support and counseling to deal with physiological traumas.
Orphan population: 3.7 million Two main reasons for children becoming orphans in Brazil are poverty and AIDS. UNAIDS estimates that from 60,000 to 250,000 children in Brazil have become orphans because their parents died of AIDS-related diseases while around 25 percent of them were abandoned by their parents because of poverty. Many orphans end up living on the streets with no protection at all. Apart from not having access to education and health care, these children are often easy prey for criminals and drug dealers who use them as “cheap” working force. Substance abuse, which is widespread among children living on streets, together with police repression and clashes between street gangs, often lead to their premature death.
Orphan population: 4.2 million In the country where the average income is 255 dollars and more than half of population lives in poverty, many parents are forced to abandon their children because they can’t raise them. Moreover, series of natural calamities have left many children parentless. Earthquake in 2005 and floods in 2010 took thousands of lives, leaving many children without parents. Other factors leading to children becoming orphans are ethnic killings and terrorism. Currently, Pakistan lacksa national policy to deal with growing number of parentless children. New laws should be implemented, including strict regulation about who and under which condition can run an orphanage.
Orphan population: 4.2 million In the country where armed conflict have taken more lives than Holocaust, children are the most vulnerable group. Congo is one of the poorest countries with life expectancy estimated at 48 years, where the majority of the population is severely undernourished without access to basic medical care. According to some sources around 11 percent of the total child population are orphaned due to war, poverty and disease. Besides facing great risk of poverty and exploitation, orphans in Congo often end up as child soldiers, forced to fight in the civil war.
Orphan population: 4.8 million Poverty, along with natural calamities, has left many children in Indonesia without parental care. Only in the tsunami in 2005, 150.000 children lost their parents. A couple of years ago BBC reportedon widespread money misuse in Indonesian orphanages. Counting on money from the government and tourists many decided to open orphanages and turn them into a profitable business. Needless to say, profit driven orphanages operate without thinking about children’s best interests. One of BBC’s interviewees explained that in some cases orphanage’s managers are like the mafia. „You find orphanage directors driving large cars and sending their children to expensive universities in Europe or America, while the children live in squalor.“
Orphan population: 4.8 million In the fifth country on our list 11 countries with highest orphan population, Ethiopia, one out of every 8 children is an orphan while around one million lost a parent because of AIDS. Although for years Ethiopia has been one of the countries from which the greatest number of children is being adopted, the orphan crisis won’t end soon, as the rate at which children are losing parents greatly exceeds the adoption rate. In last four years, adoption rate from Ethiopia plummeted because Ethiopian government decided to restrict international adoption after series of reported abuse of adopted childrenin America.
Orphan population: 4.8 million In the most densely populated country in the world, Bangladesh, one-thirdof all children are parentless or at risk of losing parents. Children who lose parents are placed in overcrowded orphanages where they don’t receive needed care and where they are forced to work to survive. Despite the fact that law prohibits children younger than 14 to work, 5 million Bangladesh’s children work in dangerous conditions for minimal wages. Child domestic workers are especially vulnerable as they often experience physical abuse from their employers. Moreover, the number of children living on streets is increasing. As in Brazil, street children in Bangladesh are struggling to survive in harsh conditions surrounded by everyday violence.
Orphan population: 12 million In Nigeria, almost a million children become orphaned annually, mainly because of AIDS and poverty. Many children who lose parents are left entirely alone to run households. In order to survive, they are forced work in hazardous conditions subjected to abuse. Girls often end up in a cycle of prostitution without any protection from diseases, including HIV. Child trafficking is widespread in the country. Last year, CNN ran the storyon how easily children are being sold with impunity in Nigeria.
Orphan population: 20.6 million One-child policy in China, which was introduced between 1978 and 1980 to slow down population growth, had left millions of children orphaned. The great majority of them were girls as parents preferred sons who would continue to run family households. Last year the government canceled the one-child policy because of growing aging population. Although this change will certainly affect the orphan population in Chine, there are claimsthat for some time now children with medical needs, not girls, are most often abandoned, as parents don’t have means or simply don’t want to take care of a child who has the serious medical condition.
- Haiti. Finishing the list of 7 countries with the worst orphanages in the world with a country that even J.K. Rowling warned us about. 30,000 children in orphanages in a country with 10 million inhabitants.
- Cambodia. Cambodia ranks second on our list of countries with the worst orphanages in the world. The country has 600 orphanages and 10,000 children. As in many other countries, children are gladly sent to orphanages because they are the key to a very lucrative business.
- Sudan. Perhaps one of the appalling information is that 10% of all the children in Sudan are orphans. Those that are put into institutions are often underfed.
- Moldova. Moldova is the poorest country in Europe and the worst European country out of 7 countries with the worst orphanages in the world. A report says that only 2% of the children in orphanages are without parents.
Mar 22, 2018 · Sadly, the list of countries with the worst cases in orphanages is a long one. We read about the tortures in orphanages at Borgen Magazine, BBC, The Conversation, Women In and Beyond, Traveller ...
The city is South America's largest, Brazil's center of trade and industry. Paulistanos work hard and play hard. Here are some of the things you'll enjoy when you visit São Paulo. While it's not considered one of the most attractive South American cities, there is plenty to do in Sao Paulo.