In contrast, only 17% of Mandarin speakers know it as a second language, perhaps because it is one of the most challenging languages to learn. Keeping Language Traditions Alive. Languages are fluid, and constantly evolving—altogether, the 100 most spoken languages paint a unique picture across centuries of a changing world.
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a language resulting from the acquisition by a subordinate group of the language of a dominat group ... It's spoken so widely around the world people who don't speak ...
Jul 06, 2011 · For smaller language groupings that have been proven beyond reasonable doubt, the proto-language is either known directly (as in the case of smaller families or branches of families, like Proto-North-Germanic, known as Old Norse, or Proto-Romance, known as Vulgar Latin) or reconstructed on the basis of descendant languages (e.g., Proto-Indo ...
Arabic is one of the dominant languages of the world today, spoken by millions of people. In this lesson, we'll explore the history of this language and see how it has impacted the world.
The Correlation between Language Acquisition and Language Planning Ramlan Jabal Ghafur University (UNIGHA), Aceh, Indonesia Email: email@example.com Abstract: Language acquisition is a process which can take place at any period of one's life. In the sense of first
- Ramlan Ramlan
The Afroasiatic languages include both tonal (Chadic, Omotic) and nontonal (Semitic, Berber, Egyptian, and most Cushitic) branches. All three Khoisan language families—Khoe, Kx'a and Tuu—are tonal. All languages of the Nilotic language family are tonal. Asia. Numerous tonal languages are widely spoken in China and Mainland Southeast Asia.
However, Italian is still widely spoken by the elderly, the educated, and by the governmental officials of Somalia. Prior to the Somali civil war, Mogadishu still had an Italian-language school, but was later destroyed by the conflict. English. English is widely taught in schools. It used to be a working language in the British Somali Coast ...
The four most important language families are: Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan, Austronesian, and Afroasiatic Six of the languages in the list at the top of page 436 belong to the ________ family, but there are only about ________ (number) of these families.
- Most Useful Second Languages Demographics
- Most Useful Second Languages – Personal Impact
- Most Useful Second Languages – Economic Impact
- Most Popular Languages Spoken Today
- Common Language Families
I begin with demographics because this is the criterion that first comes to mind in such a discussion. However, this factor only weighs 40 per cent in the ratings, and certain entries here, such as Italian, Swahili and Turkish, will only become understandable when one sees the tables that follow. Spanish: Approx. 350 million native speakers, with many second language speakers in the Americas, North Africa and elsewhere. It is the official language of about 20 countries. (6 points). It is an important lingua franca in the Western Hemisphere and the Mediterranean, (3 points). (Total: 9 points). French: Despite a relatively small native language base of 130 million, French has a major presence internationally, with a large second language population all over the world and official language status in over 25 countries. It is the working language of many international organizations (4 points). It is also the most recognized lingua franca, after English. (4 points). (Total: 8 points). Ara...
Criterion II: Personal Impact:This is the major consideration for the English speaker. It weighs 40 percent in my ratings. How will knowledge of this language open up a portal to other related languages? For the first question, Latin languages hold a distinct advantage, since the prestige, erudite forms of English are all constructed out of a Latin vocabulary. The second question favors languages which are seen as leading languages in particular linguistic families, wherever they may be located in the world. French: It holds a particular position among Latin languages, in that it has been the major conduit of Latin vocabulary into English for the past one thousand years. Fully 30 percent of English words come from French, (6 points). In cultural terms, the centrality of France to European civilization cannot be overestimated, adding 6 more points. (Total: 12 points) Spanish: This Latin language has enormous influence on the English of the Americas. It has, in turn, been influenced b...
Economic Impact.Is this language used in the world of commerce and business? Twenty percent in the ratings: French: has a long history as a language of commerce and trade. It is extremely important in the developing world, especially Africa. France itself is the world’s sixth largest economy. (4 points). Spanish: the language of commerce and trade in Latin America. Spain is the world’s ninth largest economy and Mexico is its fourteenth largest. (4 points). German: often used for business in Central Europe. Germany is the world’s third largest economy. (3 points). Japanese: can be extremely helpful in dealing with Japanese business. Japan is the world’s second largest economy. (3 points). Mandarin: China has recently become the world’s fourth largest economy, and it continues to grow. (3 points). Russian: Used in a part of the world where English is not well-known. Russia is the eleventh largest economy and is moving up in the rankings. (2 points). Portuguese: Brazil is the tenth lar...
Top 10 languages Most widely spoken native languages globally: 1. Chinese 1.21 billion 2. Spanish 329 million 3. English 328 million 4. Arabic – 221 million 5. Hindi – 182 million 6. Portuguese 178 million 7. Russian 144 million 8. Japanese 122 Million 9. German 90 million Source: McClatchy Washington
A group of languages that descend from a common ancestor is known as a language family. The Indo-European family is the most widely spoken: 1. English 2. Russian 3. Hindi The Sino- Tibetan family 1. Mandarin 2. Other Chinese languages 3. Tibetan The Afro- Asiatic family: 1. Arabic 2. Somali 3. Hebrew Bantu languages: 1. Swahili 2. Zulu 3. Other African languages Malayo-Polynesian languages: 1. Indonesian 2. Malay 3. Tagalog 4. Other Pacific Languages Dravidian family 1. Tamil 2. Telugu. Conclusion– The status of English in world affairs puts its native speakers in a unique position. We have the opportunity of living in a provincial English-only environment in which the world comes to us, or we can take advantage of this favoured position to become acquainted with other cultures right within our own language. So, is any second language really useful for English speakers? No study can ever really measure the personal importance of second language learning. That is something we have to...