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      • The official name of the kingdom informally known as the "Kingdom of Naples" was, in fact, "Kingdom of Sicily." Thus, when that kingdom was merged with the kingdom which constituted the island, you had the "Kingdom of Two Sicilies." The Angevins did not "form the Kingdom of Naples."
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  2. Kingdom of Sicily | Historipedia Official Wiki | Fandom
    • History
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    Norman conquest

    1. Main articles: Emirate of Sicily and Norman conquest of southern Italy By the 11th century mainland southern Apennine powers were hiring Norman mercenaries, who were descendants of the Vikings; it was the Normans under Roger I who conquered Sicily, taking it away from the Arab Muslims. After taking Apulia and Calabria, Roger occupied Messina with an army of 700 knights. In 1068, Roger I of Sicily and his men defeated the Muslims at Misilmeribut the most crucial battle was the siege of Pale...

    Norman kingdom

    1. See also: Roger II of Sicily The Norman Kingdom was created on Christmas Day, 1130, by Roger II of Sicily, with the agreement of Pope Innocent II, who united the lands Roger had inherited from his father Roger I of Sicily. These areas included the Maltese Archipelago, which was conquered from the Arabs of the Emirates of Sicily; the Duchy of Apulia and the County of Sicily, which had belonged to his cousin William II, Duke of Apulia, until William's death in 1127; and the other Norman vass...

    Hohenstaufen kingdom

    The accession of Frederick, a child who would then become also the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II in 1197, greatly affected the immediate future of Sicily. For a land so used to centralised royal authority, the king's young age caused a serious power vacuum. His uncle Philip of Swabia moved to secure Frederick's inheritance by appointing Markward von Anweiler, margrave of Ancona, regent in 1198. Meanwhile, Pope Innocent IIIhad reasserted papal authority in Sicily, but recognised Frederick's...

    During the Norman Kingdom of Sicily, the local communities maintained their privileges. The rulers of the Hohenstaufen Kingdom replaced the local nobility with lords from northern Italy, leading to clashes and rebellions against the new nobility in many cities and rural communities. These revolts resulted in the destruction of many agrarian areas and the rise of middle class nationalism, which eventually led to urban dwellers becoming allies of the Aragonese. This situation was continued during the short rule of the Angevin until their overthrowing during the Sicilian Vespers. The Angevin began feudalising the country, increasing the power of the nobility by granting them jurisdiction over high justice.During the 15th century due to the isolation of the Kingdom, the Renaissance had no impact on it. At the same period the feudalisation of the Kingdom of Sicily was intensified, through the enforcement of feudal bonds and relations among its subjects. In 1669 the eruption of Mount Etna...

    During the reign of Frederick II the kingdom had a population of about 2.5 million. During the Hohenstaufen era, the Kingdom had 3 towns with a population of over 20,000 each. After the loss of the northern provinces in 1282 during the Sicilian Vespers and several natural disasters like the eruption of Mount Etna in 1669, the population of the Kingdom of Sicily was reduced. In 1803 the population of the Kingdom was 1,656,000. The main cities of the Kingdom at that period were Palermo, Catania, Messina, Modica, Syracuse.

    The Norman kings in the 12th century used the tari, which had been used in Sicily from 913 as the basic coin. One tari weighed about one gram and was ​161⁄3 carats of gold. The Arab dinar was worth four tari, and the Byzantine solidus six tari. In the kingdom one onza was equivalent to thirty tari or five florins. One tari was worth twenty grani. One grana was equivalent to six denari. After 1140 the circulation of the copper coin romesina stopped and it was replaced by the follaris. Twenty four follari were equivalent to one Byzantine miliaresion. After defeating the Tunisians in 1231 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor minted the augustalis. It was minted in ​211⁄2 carats and weighed 5.28 grams. In 1490 the triumphi were minted in Sicily. They were equivalent to the Venetian ducat. One triumpho was worth ​111⁄2aquilae. One aquila was worth twenty grani. In transactions tari and pichuli were mainly used.

    During the Norman reign, several different religious communities coexisted in the Kingdom of Sicily. They were: Latin Christians (Roman Catholics), Greek-speaking Christians (Eastern Orthodox), Muslims and Jews. Although local religious practices were not interrupted, the fact that Latin Christians were in power tended to favor Latin Christianity (Roman Catholicism). Bishops of the Eastern Orthodox rite were obliged to recognize the claims of the Latin Church in Sicily, while Muslim communities were no longer ruled by local emirs. Greek-speaking Christians, Latin Christians, and Muslims interacted on a regular basis, and were involved in each other's lives, economically, linguistically, and culturally. Some intermarried. Christians living in an Arabic-speaking area might adopt Arabic or even Muslim names. In many cities, each religious community had its own administrative and judicial order. In Palermo, Muslims were allowed to publicly call for prayer in mosques, and their legal iss...

    Abulafia, David. Frederick II: A Medieval Emperor,1988.
    Abulafia, David. The Two Italies: Economic Relations between the Kingdom of Sicily and the Northern Communes,Cambridge University Press, 1977.
    Abulafia, David. The Western Mediterranean Kingdoms 1200–1500: The Struggle for Dominion,Longman, 1997. (a political history)
    Johns, Jeremy. Arabic administration in Norman Sicily : the royal dīwān,Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  3. Kingdom of Sicily - Unionpedia, the concept map

    The Kingdom of Sicily (Regnum Siciliae, Regno di Sicilia, Regnu di Sicilia, Regne de Sicília, Reino de Sicilia) was a state that existed in the south of the Italian peninsula and for a time Africa from its founding by Roger II in 1130 until 1816. 225 relations.

  4. Sicily, Italy -

    During the 1860s, the Kingdom of Sicily was annexed into the Kingdom of Italy during the period known as the Italian Unification. When Italy became a republic in 1946, Sicily was granted autonomy. This means that Sicily has a little more power in the decision-making of their region than the remainder of Italy.

  5. Countries in the Kingdom of Sicily - JetPunk

    Name the countries that were part of the Medieval Kingdom of Sicily.

  6. Lost Kingdoms - Kingdom of Sicily - History of Royal Women

    Jul 15, 2019 · The Kingdom of Sicily began its life in 1130 when it was created by Count Roger II of Sicily with the agreement of Pope Innocent II. Roger was married three times. His first wife was Elvira of Castile who was thus the first Queen of Sicily. They went on to have six children together, and Elvira died in 1135.

  7. Sicily - Kids | Britannica Kids | Homework Help

    Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It sits offshore from the toe of the boot-shaped peninsula of Italy. Sicily and the Egadi, Lipari, Pelagie, and Panteleria islands make up an independent region of Italy. The region is called Sicilia in Italian.

  8. Talk:Kingdom of Sicily - Wikipedia

    The official name of the kingdom informally known as the "Kingdom of Naples" was, in fact, "Kingdom of Sicily." Thus, when that kingdom was merged with the kingdom which constituted the island, you had the "Kingdom of Two Sicilies."

  9. Pyrrhus of Epirus - Wikipedia

    Pyrrhus was proclaimed king of Sicily. He was already making plans for his son Helenus, a grandson of Agathocles of Syracuse through his mother, to inherit the kingdom of Sicily and his other son Alexander to be given Italy. In 277 BC, Pyrrhus captured Eryx, the strongest Carthaginian fortress in Sicily. This prompted the rest of the ...

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