- Flora and fauna
Sicily is in the central Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian Peninsula, from which it is separated by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its most prominent landmark is Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe, and one of the most active in the world, currently 3,329 m high. The island has a typical Mediterranean climate. The earliest archaeological evidence of human activity on the island dates from as early as 12,000 BC. By around 750 BC, Sicily had three Phoenician and a dozen Greek col
Sicily has a roughly triangular shape, earning it the name Trinacria. To the north-east, it is separated from Calabria and the rest of the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina, about 3 km wide in the north, and about 16 km wide in the southern part. The northern and southern coasts are each about 280 km long measured as a straight line, while the eastern coast measures around 180 km; total coast length is estimated at 1,484 km. The total area of the island is 25,711 km2, while the Autonomou
Sicily is an often-quoted example of man-made deforestation, which has occurred since Roman times, when the island was turned into an agricultural region. This gradually dried the climate, leading to a decline in rainfall and the drying of rivers. The central and southwest provinces are practically devoid of any forest. In Northern Sicily, there are three important forests; near Mount Etna, in the Nebrodi Mountains and in the Bosco della Ficuzza Natural Reserve near Palermo. The Nebrodi Mountain
The name Sicilia was given to the Roman province in 241 BC. It is derived from the name of the Sikeloi, who inhabited the eastern part of the island. The ancient name of the island is Trinacria for its triangular shape, likely a re-interpretation of earlier Thrinacia. The Greek name was rendered as Trīnācrĭa in classical Latin.
Since the Italian unification, Sicily, along with the entire south of the Italian peninsula has been strongly marked by coerced emigration, partly induced by a planned de-industrialization of the south in order to favour the northern regions. After Italian unification most of the
As in most Italian regions, Roman Catholicism is the predominant religious denomination in Sicily, and the church still plays an important role in the lives of most people. There is also a notable small minority of Eastern-rite Byzantine Catholics which has a mixed congregation o
The politics of Sicily takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of Regional Government is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Regional Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Sicilian Regional Assembly. The capital of Sicily is Palermo. Traditionally, Sicily gives center-right results during elections. From 1943 to 1951 there was also a separatist poli
Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and is also, among the Italian regions, the largest and the one further south. The Strait of Messina, about three kilometers wide, separates it from the territory of the peninsula and the Channel of Sicily instead from Africa, from which continent is about 140 kilometers away.
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Sicily was as usual moored next to Italy but was at this time politically part of the of Kingdom of Naples. It had been a long and typically hot night on the island and slowly some Sicilians who lived on the western coast were stumbled out of their beds to throw open the shutters.
Sicily (Sicilia) Sicily (Sicilia ; Sicilia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 20 regions of Italy. It is one of the five Italian autonomous regions, in Southern Italy along with surrounding minor islands, officially referred to as Regione Siciliana.
The Aeolian Islands (/ iː ˈ oʊ l i ən / ee-OH-lee-ən; Italian: Isole Eolie [ˈiːzole eˈɔːlje]; Sicilian: Ìsuli Eoli; Greek: Αιολίδες Νήσοι, romanized: Aiolídes Nísoi), sometimes referred to as the Lipari Islands or Lipari group (/ ˈ l ɪ p ə r i / LIP-ə-ree, Italian: ) after their largest island, are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily ...
During the 1860s, the Kingdom of Sicily was annexed into the Kingdom of Italy during the period known as the Italian Unification. When Italy became a republic in 1946, Sicily was granted autonomy. This means that Sicily has a little more power in the decision-making of their region than the remainder of Italy.
Linosa (Italian pronunciation: ; Sicilian: Linusa) is one of the Pelagie Islands in the Sicily Channel of the Mediterranean Sea. The island is a part of the Italian comune of Lampedusa e Linosa, part of the province of Agrigento in Sicily, Italy. It has a population of 430.
The Kingdom was a member of the Council of Aragon and initially consisted of the islands of Corsica and Sardinia, sovereignty over both of which was claimed by the Papacy, which granted them as a fief, the regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae ("kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica"), to King James II of Aragon in 1297.
Antique hand colored map of Ancient southern Italy, written in Latin. Includes Sicily. Features inset map of the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Reference for scale given in Roman Miles. Map is in fairly good condition with some toning/foxing of the paper. Map by Dr. Samuel Butler, published in An Atlas of Ancient Geography, 1838.