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      • The Plains of Abraham (French: Plaines d'Abraham) is a historic area within the Battlefields Park in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. The land is the site of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, which took place on 13 September 1759, but hundreds of acres of the fields became used for grazing, housing, and minor industrial structures.
      en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plains_of_Abraham
  1. Plains of Abraham, also called Heights Of Abraham, French Plaines D’abraham, plains in Québec region, southern Quebec province, Canada. The plains lie at the western edge of the old walled city, overlooking the St. Lawrence River. The plateau was the scene of a battle (Sept. 13, 1759) between the French under the Marquis de Montcalm and the British under James Wolfe in which both leaders were killed but which secured Quebec for the British.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. The Plains of Abraham (French: Plaines d'Abraham) is a historic area within the Battlefields Park in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. It was established on 17 March 1908.

    • 98 ha (240 acres)
    • National Battlefields Commission (Canadian Crown)
    • Seven Years’ War
    • Expedition to Quebec
    • The British Attack
    • The Battle of The Plains of Abraham
    • Aftermath
    • Legacy and Significance

    The battle was a key moment in the Seven Years’ War(1756–63), which was fought in Europe, India and North America (American history books refer to the conflict in North America as the French and Indian War). On one side was the alliance of France, Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Russia and Spain; on the other, the alliance of Britain, Prussia and Hanover....

    James Wolfe was appointed commanding officer of the British assault against the fortress city of Quebec in 1759. He was supported by a naval force under Vice-Admiral Charles Saunders. Wolfe’s army comprised more than 8,000 British regular soldiers and nearly 900 Americans (Rangers and Colonial Pioneers) as well as 2,100 Royal Marines. Quebec’s defe...

    James Wolfe decided to land at L’Anse-au-Foulon, about 3 km upstream from Quebec City, at the base of a cliff 53 m high. While historians have debated the logic and merits of this decision, the British were fortunate, as the area was only lightly defended. Operating in darkness and silence, the naval boats fought the strong currents of the St. Lawr...

    When Montcalm heard about the British landing and ascent, he decided to attack quickly before the British had the chance to establish themselves. Historians have criticized his response, suggesting that he should have waited for reinforcements to arrive from French detachments in the area. The French force consisted of about 4,500 men from the army...

    The British position at Quebec was not secure. Soon after the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the British navy was forced to leave the St.Lawrence River before ice closed the mouth of the river. The British at Quebec were therefore isolated over the winter, and many suffered from scurvy. In April 1760, the Chevalierde Lévis (Montcalm’s successor) ...

    The Battle of the Plains of Abraham marked a turning point in the history of New France and what would eventually become Canada. By defeating and securing the French stronghold at Quebec, the British established a strong presence in New France, foreshadowing the eventual defeat of the French and the beginning of British hegemony in North America (s...

    • The Seven Years’ War
    • The Attack on Quebec City
    • Legacy

    The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was an important battle that took place in the Seven Years’ War in North America. (See Seven Years’ War (Plain-Language Summary).) The British and the French were fighting each other all over the world. They both wanted to be the world’s most powerful imperial nation. The war began in 1756. At first, the French a...

    The leader of the British forces was General James Wolfe. He commanded about 11,000 men. The French army had about 18,000 men. Approximately 11,000 were part of the Canadian militia. The others were regular soldiers and marines. There were also about 1,800 Indigenous troops. The leader of the French army was Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. In the summer ...

    Although the French and their Indigenous allies lost, they continued to fight for a few more years. One of the biggest battles occurred at a small town called Sainte-Foy. The British lost. The French then laid siege to Quebec City. They could not, however, take the city. Soon after the siege, the British began to reverse the tide of the war. In Sep...

  3. Windy Ridge and Plains of Abraham South Cascades > Mount St. Helens 46.2489, -122.1362 Map & Directions Length 8.0 miles, roundtrip Elevation Gain 2000 feet Highest Point 4850 feet Calculated Difficulty Moderate/Hard Find breathtaking views of Mount St. Helens and blazing autumnal hues on the Windy Ridge and Plains of Abraham trail.

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