As of 2022, Łódź has a population of 670,642 making it the country's fourth largest city. Łódź was once a small settlement that first appeared in 14th-century records. It was granted town rights in 1423 by Polish King Władysław II Jagiełło and it remained a private town of the Kuyavian bishops and clergy until the late 18th century.
By the end of the 19th century, Łódź had become the leading centre in Poland for the production of cotton textiles. Its other industries included the processing of wool, silk, jute, hemp, and leather and the manufacture of clothing, metals, chemicals, and paper. The town’s rapid expansion resulted in a population of 500,000 inhabitants by 1913.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
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Dec 19, 2020 · Lodz Urban Area Population History. 1950 608,000. 1951 625,000
After the change, Łódź Voivodeship's area was 20,446 square kilometres (7,894 sq mi), and its population (as for 1931) was 2,650,100. It consisted of 15 powiats : Brzeziny county, Końskie county, Kutno county, Łask county, Łęczyca county, Łowicz county, city of Łódź county (powiat łódzki grodzki), Łódź county, Opoczno county,
Population of 698,000. Łodz is reportedly known as 'student-friendly city' due to the large collection of Universities and higher education establishments. One of the greenest cities in Poland with over 40 parks. Łodz holds the International Festival of Photography, light Movie festival every year.
Jul 17, 2019 · At the outbreak of the second world war, Łódź had the second-largest Jewish community in Poland (more than 230,000 people, almost a third of the city’s population).