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  1. Example Of Existentialism Essay Existentialism is a doctrine that states that every action means both an environment and a human subjectivity. There are two types of existentialists. The first ones are the Christians, such as Jaspers and Gabriel Marcel. The second ones are the existential atheists, namely the French existentialists.

    • Key Themes of Existentialism
    • Key Existentialist Philosophers
    • The Influence of Existentialism
    • References and Further Reading

    Although a highly diverse tradition of thought, seven themes can be identified that provide some sense of overall unity. Here, these themes will be briefly introduced; they can then provide us with an intellectual framework within which to discuss exemplary figures within the history of existentialism.

    a. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) as an Existentialist Philosopher

    Kierkegaardwas many things: philosopher, religious writer, satirist, psychologist, journalist, literary critic and generally considered the ‘father’ of existentialism. Being born (in Copenhagen) to a wealthy family enabled him to devote his life to the pursuits of his intellectual interests as well as to distancing himself from the ‘everyday man’ of his times. Kierkegaard’s most important works are pseudonymous, written under fictional names, often very obviously fictional. The issue of pseud...

    b. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) as an Existentialist Philosopher

    “I know my lot. Some day my name will be linked to the memory of something monstrous, of a crisis as yet unprecedented on earth…” (Nietzsche 2007:88). Remarkably, what in 1888 sounded like megalomania came some years later to be realized. The name ‘Nietzsche’ has been linked with an array of historical events, philosophical concepts and widespread popular legends. Above all, Nietzsche has managed somehow to associate his name with the turmoil of a crisis. For a while this crisis was linked to...

    c. Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) as an Existentialist Philosopher

    Heideggerexercised an unparalleled influence on modern thought. Without knowledge of his work recent developments in modern European philosophy (Sartre, Gadamer, Arendt, Marcuse, Derrida, Foucault et al.) simply do not make sense. He remains notorious for his involvement with National Socialism in the 1930s. Outside European philosophy, Heidegger is only occasionally taken seriously, and is sometimes actually ridiculed (famously the Oxford philosopher A.J. Ayer called him a ‘charlatan’). In 1...

    a. The Arts and Psychology

    In the field of visual arts existentialism exercised an enormous influence, most obviously on the movement of Expressionism. Expressionism began in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. With its emphasis on subjective experience, Angst and intense emotionality, German expressionism sought to go beyond the naiveté of realist representation and to deal with the anguish of the modern man (exemplified in the terrible experiences of WWI). Many of the artists of Expressionism read Nietzsche...

    b. Philosophy

    As a whole, existentialism has had relatively little direct influence within philosophy. In Germany, existentialism (and especially Heidegger) was criticised for being obscure, abstract or even mystical in nature. This criticism was made especially by Adorno in The Jargon of Authenticity, and in Dog Years, novelist Gunter Grass gives a Voltaire-like, savage satire of Heidegger. The criticism was echoed by many in the analytic tradition. Heidegger and the existentialist were also taken to task...

    a. General Introductions

    1. Warnock Mary. Existentialism(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970) 2. Barrett William. Irrational Man: A Study in Existential Philosophy(New York: Anchor House, 1990) 3. Cooper E. David. Existentialism(Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 1999) 4. Reynolds Jack. Understanding Existentialism(Stocksfield: Acumen, 2006) 5. Earnshaw Steven. Existentialism: A Guide for the Perplexed (London: Continuum, 2006)

    b. Anthologies

    1. Kauffman Walter. Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre(New York: Penguin, 1975) 2. Paul S. MacDonald. The Existentialist Reader –An Anthology of Key Texts(Edinburgh: Edinburg University Press, 2000) 3. Solomon C. Robert.Existentialism(USA: Oxford University Press, 2004)

    c. Primary Bibliography

    1. Beauvoir de Simone. The Ethics of Ambiguity(New York: Citadel Press, 1976) 2. Beauvoir de Simone. The Second Sex(London: Jonathan Cape, 2009) 3. Camus Albert. The Myth of Sisyphus(London: Penguin, 2000) 4. Camus Albert. The Rebel(London: Penguin, 2000b) 5. Camus Albert. The Fall, (London: Penguin, 2006) 6. Heidegger Martin, Introduction to Metaphysics(New Heaven & London: Yale University Press,2000) 7. Heidegger Martin. Letter on Humanism: in Heidegger Martin. Basic Writings, (London: Rout...

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  3. Existentialism is a movement in both philosophy and literature that highlights the importance of individual freedom and choices. According to the philosophy of existentialism, some events or occurrences that happen with a person are irrational or absurd having no explanation for that.

  4. The existentialist theme of anxiety regarding life, death, contingencies, and extreme situations is obvious in this context and is related to the theme of absurd. For instance, Meursault, while imprisoned, in his cell he realized that he does not an appropriate way of escaping, also because he was never interested in ways of escaping before.

    • Introduction
    • Content
    • Influence in Teaching and Learning
    • Experiantialism and Empiricism
    • Conclusion

    In this essay I am going to look nor talk about the following: Existentialism basically implies the meaning of life, how one specify life as per his/her discoveries. Existentialism enable people to experience their lives without worrying over the desires for the world since this specific philosophical point of view does not have a particular clarif...

    Sexual abuse/harassment is often referred to as any type of non-consensual sexual contact, as a result this could happen to anyone(any gender specifically) at any age. Gender intolerances is often referred to as discrimination such as gender discrimination, favouring a certain person as a result it could be discriminating against an individual beca...

    Let’s take an example of foundation phase learners, these learners are still young and fragile and being sexually abused cause an internal damage to them, because their emotional being is not totally developed, currently that becomes a problem because it turns into an intrinsic learning barrier, an intrinsic barrier is hardly noticed as a result of...

    Empiricism tells us that unless one thing is proved to be truth by science or our experiences then it’s simply a lie and will thus not be considered. Experientialism on the opposite is the meaning of life that people build for themselves, which means they do not have to wait for scientific statistics to be able to live their lives and make decision...

    In concluding, I outlined the problems caused by the issue of sexual abuse and gender intolerances; I came up with sensible solutions to the issues. The solutions are challenged and supported to make sure that they are valid and sensible. Not only did I write of these issues, but I also made them my own because I actually have been to the foundatio...

  5. Jun 20, 2016 · Existentialism values the existence, dignity and value of human. Human can have their free will which is being for ourselves and this is undoubtedly accepted by most people. This position also benefits the society as bad faith is treated as a problem in existentialism. If people have become authentic, the society would develop in a positive way.