- The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC. In the Ancient Near East, it marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age . The Ancient Near Eastern cultures are well within the historical era: The first half of the millennium is dominated by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia.
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1 day ago · Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region. By the 11th century BCE, the people of the area lived in systemically-aligned housing, used human cemeteries and manufactured copper ornaments and fine black and red pottery.
15 hours ago · During the second millennium BCE, there were four major branches: Linear A, Linear B, Cypro-Minoan, and Cretan hieroglyphic. In the 1950s, Linear B was deciphered as Mycenaean Greek . Linear B shares many symbols with Linear A, and they may notate similar syllabic values.
15 hours ago · During the 3rd millennium BCE, an intimate cultural symbiosis occurred between Sumerian and Akkadian-speakers, which included widespread bilingualism. The influence of Sumerian on Akkadian and vice versa is evident in all areas, from lexical borrowing on a massive scale, to syntactic, morphological, and phonological convergence.
15 hours ago · This civilization enjoyed a trading relationship with ancient Egypt and Mycenaean Greece since the second millennium BCE, supporting the hypothesis that Somalia or adjacent regions were the location of the ancient Land of Punt.
15 hours ago · The prehistory of Anatolia stretches from the Paleolithic era through to the appearance of classical civilisation in the middle of the 1st millennium BC. It is generally regarded as being divided into three ages reflecting the dominant materials used for the making of domestic implements and weapons: Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age.
May 14, 2021 · The horse was possibly first domesticated on the Eurasian, especially Central Asian, steppes around 3500 BCE. There is little evidence, in spite of the clamour from some historians and archeologists, of the presence of this animal in South Asia before the midsecond millennium BCE.
1 day ago · Raaflaub compares a Babylonian Advice to a Prince dating from the first millennium BCE, the early Hebrew prophets, and Hesiod’s Works and Days to show that they share some common traits. Similarly, the political structures and practices in the East and in Greece show similarities, for instance, in the role played by councils and assemblies.
1 day ago · Benjamin Sass, The genesis of the alphabet and its development in the second millennium B.C.—twenty years later; André Lemaire, The Spread of Alphabetic Scripts (c. 1700—500 BCE), Diogenes, mai 2008 vol. 55