The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC. In the Ancient Near East , it marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age . The Ancient Near Eastern cultures are well within the historical era: The first half of the millennium is dominated by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia .
The Vedic period (2nd millennium–7th century bce) The people of the early Vedic period left few material remains, but they did leave a very important literary record called the Rigveda. Its 1,028 hymns are distributed throughout 10 books, of which the first and the last are the most recent.
Thutmose III: ca. 1479-1425 BCE; Amunhotpe II: ca. 1428-1397 BCE; Thutmose IV: ca. 1397-1387 BCE; The reign of Amunhotpe III: ca. 1387-1350 BCE; Period or great luxury; Few military operations; Period of major temple building; Sculpture and painting reached new levels of excellence; Amarna Period: 1350-1291 BCE
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The major characteristics of civilization and how civilizations emerged in Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus valley. Standard 1A The student understands how Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley became centers of dense population, urbanization, and cultural innovation in the fourth and third millennia BCE. Standard 1B The student understands how commercial and cultural interactions contributed to change in the Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, and Nile regions.
How agrarian societies spread and new states emerged in the third and second millennia BCE. Standard 2A The student understands how civilization emerged in northern China in the second millennium BCE. Standard 2B The student understands how new centers of agrarian society arose in the third and second millennia BCE.
The political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Eurasia in the second millennium BCE. Standard 3A The student understands how population movements from western and Central Asia affected peoples of India, Southwest Asia, and the Mediterranean region. Standard 3B The student understands the social and cultural effects that militarization and the emergence of new kingdoms had on peoples of Southwest Asia and Egypt in the second millennium BCE. Standard 3C The student understands how urban society expanded in the Aegean region in the era of Mycenaean dominance. Standard 3D The student understands the development of new cultural patterns in northern India in the second millennium BCE.
Major trends in Eurasia and Africa from 4000 to 1000 BCE. Standard 4A The student understands major trends in Eurasia and Africa from 4000 to 1000 BCE.
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The second millennium of the Anno Domini or Common Era was a millennium spanning the years 1001 to 2000 (11th to 20th centuries; in astronomy: JD 2 086 667.5 – 2 451 909.5).
The second millennium BCE marks the transition from the Middle Bronze Age to the Late Bronze Age. The most prominent cultures in the ancient Near East during this period were Babylonia and Assyria. Clay was the dominant medium during this time, but stone was also used.
Nov 03, 2020 · In the first millennium BCE, which is the era when alphabetic writing was developed by Greek-speaking people, starting in the eighth century BCE, there is evidence for a wide range of dialects, which can be divided roughly into four groups: (1) Arcado-Cypriote, (2) Aeolic, (3) Ionic, and (4) Doric or “West Greek.”.
The 10th (c. 2080–c. 1970 bce) and 11th (2081–1938 bce) dynasties; The Middle Kingdom (1938–c. 1630 bce) and the Second Intermediate period (c. 1630–1540 bce) The Middle Kingdom. The 12th dynasty (1938–c. 1756 bce) The 13th dynasty (c. 1756–c. 1630 bce) The Second Intermediate period; The New Kingdom (c. 1539–1075 bce)
- Instead of Ad and BC
- Both in Use For Centuries
- More and More Use CE/BCE
- Avoid Confusion
CE and BCE are used in exactly the same way as the traditional abbreviations AD and BC. 1. AD is short for Anno Domini, Latin for year of the Lord. 2. BC is an abbreviation of Before Christ. Because AD and BC hold religious (Christian) connotations, many prefer to use the more modern and neutral CE and BCE to indicate if a year is before or after year 1. According to the international standard for calendar dates, ISO 8601, both systems are acceptable.
The Anno Domini year–numbering system was introduced by a Christian monk named Dionysius Exiguus in the 6th century. The year count starts with year 1 in the Gregorian calendar. This is supposed to be the birth year of Jesus, although modern historians often conclude that he was born around 4 years earlier. The expression Common Era is also no new invention, it has been in use for several hundred years. In English, it is found in writings as early as 1708. In Latin, the term "vulgaris aerae" (English, Vulgar Era) was used interchangeably with "Christian Era" as far back as in the 1600s.
What isrelatively new is that more and more countries and their educational institutions have officially replaced the traditional abbreviations AD/BC with CE/BCE. England and Wales introduced the CE/BCE system into the official school curriculum in 2002, and Australia followed in 2011. More and more textbooks in the United States also use CE/BCE, as well as history tests issued by the US College Board.
A year listed without any letters is always Common Era, starting from year 1. Adding CE or BCE after a year is only necessary if there is room for misunderstanding, e.g. in texts where years both before and after year 1 are mentioned. For instance, Pompeii, Italy (see image) was founded around 600–700 BCE and was destroyed when Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 CE. Topics: Calendar, Dates