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  1. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), English art and high culture reached a pinnacle known as the height of the English Renaissance.Elizabethan music experienced a shift in popularity from sacred to secular music and the rise of instrumental music.

  2. Oct 16, 2017 · (Find out what kind of music can trigger happy memories.) But that’s not the only song the queen loves to bop to. In addition to Scottish ballads, military music, and Elton John, the monarch ...

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    What musical instruments did Elizabeth I play?

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  4. Oct 28, 2020 · When Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her Sapphire Jubilee on February 6, 2017, she became the first British monarch to ever reach that momentous occasion, marking 65 years since her coronation. At ...

    • Biography
    • Assassination
    • Legacy
    • Portrayal of Elisabeth in The Arts
    • Honours
    • References
    • External Links

    Duchess in Bavaria

    Born Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie on 24 December 1837 in Munich, Bavaria, she was the third child and second daughter of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, the half-sister of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. Maximilian was considered to be rather peculiar; he had a childish love of circuses and traveled the Bavarian countryside to escape his duties. The family's homes were the Herzog-Max-Palais in Munich during winter and Possenhofen Castlein the summer months, far from...

    Empress of Austria

    After enjoying an informal and unstructured childhood, Elisabeth, who was shy and introverted by nature, and more so among the stifling formality of Habsburg court life, had difficulty adapting to the Hofburg and its rigid protocols and strict etiquette. Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase. She was surprised to find she was pregnant and gave birth to he...

    Physical regimen

    At 173 cm (5 feet 8 inches), Elisabeth was unusually tall. Even after four pregnancies she maintained her weight at approximately 50 kg (110 pounds) for the rest of her life. She achieved this through fasting and exercise, such as gymnastics and riding. In deep mourning after her daughter Sophie's death, Elisabeth refused to eat for days; a behavior that would reappear in later periods of melancholy and depression. Whereas she previously had supper with the family, she now began to avoid this...

    In 1898, despite warnings of possible assassination attempts, the 60-year-old Elisabeth traveled incognito to Geneva, Switzerland. However, someone from the Hôtel Beau-Rivagerevealed that the Empress of Austria was their guest. At 1:35 p.m. on Saturday 10 September 1898, Elisabeth and Countess Irma Sztáray de Sztára et Nagymihály, her lady-in-waiting, left the hotel on the shore of Lake Geneva on foot to catch the steamship Genève for Montreux. Since the empress despised processions, she insisted that they walk without the other members of her entourage. They were walking along the promenade when the 25-year-old Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni approached them, attempting to peer underneath the empress's parasol. According to Sztáray, as the ship's bell announced the departure, Lucheni seemed to stumble and made a movement with his hand as if he wanted to maintain his balance. In reality, in an act of "propaganda of the deed," he had stabbed Elisabeth with a sharpened needle file tha...

    Upon her death, Franz Joseph founded the Order of Elizabethin memory of her. In the Volksgarten of Vienna, there is an elaborate memorial monument featuring a seated statue of the Empress by Hans Bitterlich, dedicated on 4 June 1907. On the promenade in Territet Switzerland, there is a monument to the Empress created by Antonio Chiattone[de]in 1902. This town is between Montreux and Chateau Chillon; the inscription mentions her many visits to the area. Near the location of her assassination at Quai du Mont-Blanc on the shore of Lake Geneva, there is a statue in memoriam, created by Philip Jacksonand dedicated in 1998 on the 100th anniversary of the assassination. A large number of chapels were named in her honour, connecting her to Saint Elisabeth. Various parks were named after her, such as the Empress Elisabeth Parkin Meran, South Tyrol. Various residences that Elisabeth frequented are preserved and open to the public, including her Imperial Hofburg apartment and the Schönbrunn Pa...

    Stage

    In 1932 the comic operetta Sissi premiered in Vienna. Composed by Fritz Kreisler, the libretto was written by Ernst and Hubert Marischka, with orchestrations by Robert Russell Bennett.Although the pet name of the empress was always spelled "Sisi," never "Sissi," this incorrect version of her name persisted in the works about her that followed. In 1943 Jean Cocteau wrote a play about an imagined meeting between Elisabeth and her assassin, L'Aigle à deux têtes(The Eagle with Two Heads). It was...

    Ballet

    In his 1978 ballet, Mayerling Kenneth MacMillan portrayed Elisabeth in a pas de deuxwith her son Prince Rudolf, the principal character in the ballet. In 1993 French ballerina Sylvie Guillem appeared in a piece entitled, Sissi, l'impératice anarchiste (Sissi, Anarchist Empress), choreographed by Maurice Béjart to Strauss's Emperor Waltz.

    Film

    The 1921 film Kaiserin Elisabeth von Österreich was one of the first films to focus entirely on Elisabeth. It was co-written by Elisabeth's niece, Marie Larisch (who played her younger self at the age of 62), and starred Carla Nelsen as the title character. The film later achieved notoriety when a group of con-artistsstarted selling stills from the murder scene as actual photographs of the crime. Adolf Trotz directed the 1931 German film Elisabeth of Austria. In 1936, Columbia Pictures releas...

    Russian Empire: Grand Cross of St. Catherine, October 1853
    Spain: Dame of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa, 16 June 1854
    Mexican Empire: Grand Cross of St. Charles, 10 April 1865
    Empire of Japan: Grand Cordon of the Precious Crown, 8 September 1898(nominated, but never invested due to her death)

    Bibliography

    1. Nicole Avril: L'impératrice, Paris, 1993 2. Jennifer Bowers Bahney: "Stealing Sisi's Star: How a master thief nearly got away with Austria's most famous jewel," (McFarland & Co., 2015) (ISBN 078649722X) 3. Philippe Collas: Louis II de Bavière et Elisabeth d'Autriche, âmes sœurs, Éditions du Rocher, Paris/Monaco 2001 (ISBN 978 2 268 03884 1) 4. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elizabeth of Austria" . Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 5. Konstantin Christomanos: Diar...

  5. Feb 18, 2013 · Elizabeth I faced countless terrors and threats to her life through her entire life. One of the most memorable assassination attempts on the Queen occurred when Elizabeth was travelling on a barge down the River Thames. Panic broke out when a shot was fired and a guard fell down - shot by a bullet that obviously was meant for the Queen.

  6. Music was already the _____ in the Middle Ages, long before Shakespeare coined the phrase. organum A 12th century cleric named Perotin, who worked at the Cathedral of Notre Dame, wrote long and detailed works with the first harmonies, known as

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