However, more recent linguistic research indicates that the people of the Kerma culture (who were based in southern Nubia) instead spoke Nilo-Saharan languages of the Eastern Sudanic branch, and that the peoples of the C-Group culture to their north (in northern Nubia) and other groups in northern Nubia (such as the Medjay and Belmmyes) spoke Cushitic languages with the latter being related to the modern Beja language.
The Nubians were influenced heavily by Egyptians. Ancient Egyptians invaded modern day Northern Sudan and settled there for a while especially in Kerma. The Egyptians also invaded Libya and the Levant where they spread their culture, religion, gen...
- Culture and Customs
- List of Notable Kenyan and Tanzanian Luo and People of Luo Descent
- See Also
- Suggested Reading
The present day homeland of Kenyan and Tanzanian Luo lies in the eastern Lake Victoria basin in the former Nyanza province in Western Kenya and the Mara region in northwestern Tanzania. This area falls within tropical latitudes and straddles the equator. This area also receives average rainfall averages. The average altitudes range between 3700 and 6000 feet above sea level.
Luo people of Kenya and Tanzania form the majority of Nilotic peoples. During the British colonial period, they were known as Nilotic Kavirondo. The exact location of origin of the Nilotic peoples is controversial but most ethnolinguists and historians place their origins between Bahr-el-Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria in South Sudan. They practiced a mixed economy of cattle pastoralism, fishing and seed cultivation. Some of the earliest archaeological findings on record, which describe a simila...
Migration into Kenya
Oral history and genealogical evidence have been used to estimate timelines of Luo expansion into and within Kenya and Tanzania. Four major waves of migrations into the former Nyanza province in Kenya are discernible, starting with the People of Jok (Joka Jok), which is estimated to have begun around 1490–1517. Joka Jok were the first and largest wave of migrants into northern Nyanza. These migrants settled at a place called Ramogi Hill, then expanded around Northern Nyanza. The People of Owi...
Early British contact with the Luo was indirect and sporadic. Relations intensified only when the completion of the Uganda Railway had confirmed British intentions and largely removed the need for local alliances. In 1896, a punitive expedition was mounted in support of the Wanga ruler Mumia in Ugenya against the Kager clan led by Ochieng Ger III, otherwise known as Gero. Over 200 were quickly killed by a Maxim gun. Another 300 people in the Uyoma resistance were killed by an expedition led b...
Tishkoff et al in 2009 published the largest study done to characterise genetic variation and relationships among populations in Africa. They examined 121 African populations, 4 African American populations and 60 non-African populations. Their results indicated a high degree of mixed ancestry reflecting migration events. In East Africa, all population groups examined had elements of Nilotic, Cushitic and Bantu ancestry, amongst others, to varying degrees. They also found that, by and large, genetic clusters were consistent with linguistic classification, with notable exceptions including the Luo of Kenya. Despite being Nilo-Saharan speakers, the Luo cluster with the Niger-Kordofanian speaking populations that surround them. They suggest that this indicates a high degree of admixture occurred during the southward migration of Southern Luo. David Reich'slaboratory also noted similar findings. They found that mutation frequencies in the Luo were much more similar to those of the surro...
Traditional system of government
Traditionally, the Luo people were a patriarchal society with a decentralized government system. The family was headed by the father or the first wife mikayi or son in the absence of the father. Many families came together through a traced relations by blood to form a clan, anyuola, which mostly brought together the heads of different families together as people of the same descent, jokang'ato. Many clans came together to form a village called gwengwhich was headed by a village elder titled d...
Rites of passage
Traditionally, the names given to children often reflected the conditions of the mother's pregnancy or delivery (including, for example, the time or season). Further, the Luos have traditionally practiced the removal of six lower teeth between the ages of twelve and sixteen.This practice has now fallen largely out of use.
A popular Luo meal includes fish (rech) especially tilapia (ngege) and omena, usually accompanied with ugali (called kuon in Dholuo) and traditional vegetables like osuga and apoth. Many of the vegetables eaten by the Luo were shared after years of association with their Bantu neighbours, the Abaluhya and the Abagusii. Traditional Luo diet consisted of kuon made of sorghum or millet accompanied by fish, meat, or vegetable stews.Gor Mahia FC - A Kenyanfootball clubKyle Keith. "The Politics of The Independence of Kenya." Palgrave MacMillan 1999Ogot, Bethwell A., History of the Southern Luo: Volume I, Migration and Settlement, 1500–1900, (Series: Peoples of East Africa), East African Publishing House, Nairobi, 1967Reich, David. Who We Are and How We Got Here: Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group (27 March 2018). ISBN 110187032XHerbich, Ingrid. "The Luo." In Encyclopedia of World Cultures Supplement, C. Ember, M. Ember and I. Skoggard (eds.), pp. 189–194. New York: Macmillan Reference, 2002Ogot, Bethwell A., History of the Southern Luo: Volume I, Migration and Settlement, 1500–1900, (Series: Peoples of East Africa), East African Publishing House, Nairobi, 1967Senogazake, George, Folk Music of Kenya, ISBN 9966-855-56-4Mwakikagile, Godfrey, Ethnic Politics in Kenya and Nigeria, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Huntington, New York, 2001; Godfrey Mwakikagile, Kenya: Identity of A Nation, New Africa Press, Pretoria,...
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Apr 04, 2019 · During this February, Pritzker Prize-winning architect Alejandro Aravena visited Sudan to present two public lectures during the Kerma Expo in Northern Sudan.. Aravena, the founder of Elemental, a Chilean architecture office that is mostly known for their work in social housing, presented a number of his projects and his approach to design during his talk.
Kerma the capitol, major center of trade, Kandake or Kentake were female, was the head of states, lion god, Egypt gods, Mediterranean and Negroid mix, conquered by Nubia 800 BCE 3 Influences of Ancient Indian Civilations
Feb 20, 2009 · As with the Egyptians, the fertile Nile valley gave rise to the civilization of Nubia. The first Nubian age spanned from 3100 to 1000 B.C. This Bronze Age contained three cultures: A-Group, C-Group, and the Kerma culture (5). The latter of the three, Kerma, existed in the Upper Nile.
Aug 28, 2017 · They speak the Nubian languages, which belong to the Nilo-Saharan language family.
Aug 26, 2013 · Yes LUXUS they did for at around the 7th century B.C Kush was a very sophisticated state matter of fact Kush was a sophisticated state going back 2000 B.C they were in control of the Birthplace of the God Amun so their rule was regarded as legitimate.
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Mar 12, 2021 · Anthony Downey has written, edited, and curated extensively with a focus on work from the Middle East, for English-language audiences. The conversation will examine the question of audience, accessibility, and mediation in the collective’s work. How do audiences read the work of Slavs and Tatars in Berlin or Texas or Abu Dhabi?