The Irish language is also one of the languages of the Celtic League, a non-governmental organisation that promotes self-determination and Celtic identity and culture in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Brittany, Cornwall and the Isle of Man, known as the Celtic nations. It places particular emphasis on the indigenous Celtic languages.
- What Is Irish?
- A Brief History of Irish
- How Many People Speak Irish?
Irish is a member of the Celtic language family, which is itself part of the larger Indo-European language group. The Celtic languages come from those languages that originally formed on the land masses that are today the United Kingdom and Ireland. Other Celtic languages existed on the European continent, but died out over a thousand years ago. There are six languages left today, which are divided into Brythonic (Welsh, Breton and Cornish) and Goidelic (Irish, Manx and Scots Gaelic) languages. It’s believed all of these languages descend from a single Common Celticlanguage that existed thousands of years ago. The Irish language was the first of the Goidelic languages, which later split off into the languages that are still spoken. This brings up an important point on terminology: very often, “Gaelic” is used to refer to the Irish language, but this is not technically correct. “Gaelic” only refers to Scots Gaelic. The confusion is likely because the Irish word for Irish is Gaeilge,...
The history of the Irish language dates back thousands of years. The earliest Irish writing is found on the Ogham stones, which show a form of Irish writing that dates back to perhaps the 4th century CE. This writing is a version of Primitive Irish, the earliest form of the Irish language after it broke off from proto-Indo-European. During the following centuries, the Irish language slowly evolved in random ways, similar to how all languages changeover time. The island of Ireland was constantly fending off invasions from Normans and Vikings, and the Irish speakers spread from Ireland to what are today the Isle of Man and Scotland. While it can be kind of arbitrary to divide a language into developmental stages, linguists usually placeOld Irish in the 8th through 12th centuries, which then became Middle Irish from the 12th to 15th centuries (it was around here that Scots Gaelicand Manx broke off into separate languages). Modern Irish covers the Irish language from then to the present...
In the whole world, there are an estimated 1.2 million speakersof the Irish language. Of this number, only about 170,000 speak it as a first language. The great majority — about 98 percent — of Irish speakers live in Ireland itself. The 2016 census in Irelandfound that only about 10.5 percent of respondents spoke Irish on a daily or weekly basis, and that dropped to 4.2 percent when looking at regular, active speakers. There is a region of Ireland where Irish is spoken as a first language: the Gaeltacht. These are rural parts of the country that are scattered on the various coasts. While the language isn’t widely spoken outside of Ireland, there are some pockets of Irish speakers elsewhere in the world. The United States has the largest with 20,600, mostly in Boston, Massachusetts, but also scattered in other parts as a legacy of Irish immigration to the country. The United Kingdom also has about 5,700 speakers, almost all of whom live in Northern Ireland (the part of Ireland that s...
If one were to observe the general state of Irish in Ireland today, one could readily conclude that the language is in a healthy state and that there is no immediate danger to it, particularly ...
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Northern Ireland, known in Irish as Tuaisceart Éireann, has no official languages but Irish is recognised as a minority language. According to the 2011 UK Census, in Northern Ireland 184,898 (10.65%) claim to have some knowledge of Irish, of whom 104,943 (6.05%) can speak the language to varying degrees - but it is the home language of just 0.2% of people.(see Irish language in Northern Ireland ).
Oct 02, 2008 · The native language of most people in Ireland is English, or more specifically Hiberno-English (or Irish English). This is a dialect of English that has some special features that many people...
There are currently approximately 200 different languages spoken in Ireland today so it is difficult to determine which information would be most relevant as groups may engage with people from many different minority ethnic backgrounds.
English has been the prominent language of Ireland since the early 19th century, though Irish (Gaelige) is still spoken as a first language by some inhabitants of Galway, Kerry, Cork, and Donegal and small areas of a few other counties.
Today there are 4,588,252 people in the Republic of Ireland and 1.811 million in Northern Ireland. In the Republic of Ireland only about 0.2% have Irish as a home language that they learned in a community and from parents. 6% of people say they are able to speak Irish to some degree.