Most of the Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken by a million or less speakers. This is probably a reason why the family doesn’t get enough attention and continues to have a disputed identity. Many experts argue that languages which didn’t belong in any other group were thrown together to make up this family.
The E1b1b haplogroup has been observed at overall frequencies of around 11% among Nilo-Saharan-speaking groups in the Great Lakes area, with this influence concentrated among the Maasai (50%). This is indicative of substantial historic gene flow from Cushitic-speaking males into these Nilo-Saharan-speaking populations.
May 06, 2020 · They are known as Agew languages, East Cushitic, Lowland East Cushitic, Southern lowland East Cushitic, and transversal southern East Cushitic. These Ethiopia languages are spoken by people of Oromo, Somali, Agew, Hadiyya, Kambata, Konso and many other southern nations and nationalities in Ethiopia.
Apr 25, 2017 · Tigrinya, Tigre, and Standard Arabic are the three official languages spoken in the African country of Eritrea. These languages dominate the national levels and commerce businesses. To encourage the development of the native Eritrean languages, primary school children up to grade five are taught in their mother tongues.
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- Arabic. Arabic is spoken by 280 million people worldwide and more than 140 million people in Africa. It’s also the most spoken language in Africa, however, it’s concentrated only in Northern Africa.
- Swahili. Swahili, also known as Kiswahili is spoken by over 100 million people in Africa and it’s believed to have originated from a combination of other languages including Arabic.
- Hausa. Hausa is the third most spoken language in Africa. It’s among the most spoken Chadic languages in the African continent and belongs to the Afro-Asiatic family.
- Amharic. Amharic is the second-largest Semitic dialect in Africa after Arabic. Amharic has over 21 million speakers in Ethiopia, where it’s the national language and it is also spoken by 3 million emigrants that live outside of Ethiopia.
- Language Groups in Africa
- List of Languages Spoken in Africa
- Spanish in Africa
- Official Languages in Africa
Languages in the continent are divided into six blocs or families. These language families spread across different countries with some as the primary and others as secondary dialects. They include: 1. Afro-Asiatic languages: They are distributed across the northern parts to the horn of Africa. This is the largest block containing some of the most spoken dialects across the continent namely, Arabic, Berber, Somali, Hausa, Tamazight, and Oromo. 2. Austronesian languages: This language group comprise of European dialects that originated outside Africa. Both before and after their independence most African countries embraced Indo-European dialects such as English, Afrikaans, Portuguese and French. 3. Indo-European languages: Majorly distributed in Namibia and South-Africa, as well as former French, English, Italian, Belgian, Spanish colonies. 4. Niger-Congo languages: Comprising of non-Bantus and Bantu, and are distributed in southern, west, central and southeast Africa. 5. Nilo-Saharan...
According to the 2009 Africa statistics, there are one billion Africans. Of these population, Arabic is the largest with 17 per cent, followed by Swahili at 10 percent. About five percent of the Lingua Franca of South Africa speak Arabic, and another five percent speak Hausa. In the western belt, the most spoken dialects are the Fula, Yoruba, and Igbo while in the horn of Africa, Somali, Oromo and Amharic are the most used dialects. In the southern part of the continent, Afrikaans, Xhosa, and Zulu are the most spoken dialects. Other important languages are Portuguese, French and English. They are spoken by 30 million, 115 million, and 130 million people respectively, either as their secondary or native dialects while both Mozambique and Angola have Portuguese as their national dialects. Moreover, these languages are gaining more fame as the largest cross-boundary languages that foster communication and cooperation towards trade, research, political stability and development.
With different communities arises diversity and also new dialects. Africa is a multi-ethnic continent with different countries and different cultures. But how many languages are spoken in Africa? Well, there is no specific number, but these are the most used languages in the continent.
English, Portuguese and French have gained prominence in the continent after colonialism, with some countries using them as their official dialects. Is Spanish spoken in Africa? Well, unlike these other dialects which have grown in prominence, Spanish is only spoken in Equatorial Guinea as an official language. However, it is not the first language for any community, but a large population uses it for social and economic interactions.
After colonisation, different countries embraced the dialects used by their colonial masters. However, there are other dialects which are approved as formal means of communication by different countries other than the ones from the colonialists. They include: 1. Chewa - Malawi and Zimbabwe 2. Kinyarwanda - Rwanda 3. Kirundi - Burundi 4. Sesotho - Lesotho, Zimbabwe 5. Comorian - Comoros 6. Kirundi - Burundi 7. Setswana or Tswana - Botswana 8. Sindebele, Shona - Zimbabwe 9. Swahili - Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Kenya 10. Swati - Swaziland 11. Xhosa - South Africa (Xhosa is one of the African languages with clicks sound) 12. Arabic-Comoros, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Mauritania, Somalia, Sudan, Tunisia, Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Zanzibar (Tanzania) 13. Berber - Morocco and Algeria 14. Amharic - Ethiopia 15. Somali - Somalia 16. Tigrinya – Eritrea 17. Malagasy - Madagascar 18. Afrikaans - South Africa 19. English - Ghana, Liberia, Namibia, Nigeria, Zambia and Zimbabwe. READ ALS...
This is a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 35 million people from Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states and as a second language by 15 million in Nigeria, and millions more in other countries, for a total of at least 50 million speakers. Hausais a tone language, a classification in which pitch differences add as much to the meaning of a word as do consonants and vowels. Despite the basic uniformity of Hausa wherever it is spoken, one can identify a number of dialects areas, they are the Eastern Hausa (also known as “Guddiri” Hausa), Western Hausa, the Northern Hausa, the Kano Hausa, Southern Hausa, the Ghanaian Hausa and the Non-native Hausa. But above all, the Kano Hausa dialect of Eastern Hausa is considered to be the standard Hausa dialect and is the form upon which written Hausa is based.
This is the native language spoken by about 24 million people from Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo states. It is also spoken in some parts of Akwa Ibom (Ika LGA), Delta (Oshimili, Aniocha, and Ndokwa LGAs) and Rivers States (Ikwerre, Bonny, and Ahoada LGAs) all in Nigeria. The Igbolanguage belongs to the Niger-Congo language family. It is part of the Kwa subfamily. A complicated system of high and low tones indicates differences in meaning and grammatical relationships. Igbo have a number of dialects, distinguished by accent or orthography but almost universally mutually intelligible, they include the Idemili Igbo dialect, Bende, Owerri, Ngwa, Umuahia, Nnewi, Onitsha, Awka, Abriba, Arochukwu, Nsukka, Mbaise, Ohafia, Wawa and Okigwe, Ukwa/Ndoki.
Yoruba is the language spoken by a set of people in Western Africa. Its native name is ‘Ede Yoruba’, that is the Yoruba language. The language has its origins in the Yoruba people, who are believed to be descendants of Oduduwa, the son of a powerful god called Oludumare. It is a language spoken by an estimated 20 million people primarily in southwestern Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. Like the above mentioned languages, Yoruba people, the language also has various dialects which can be categorized into 3 namely the North-West Yoruba (Yoruba speakers from Lagos,Ibadan, Oyo, Abeokuta and Osun), Central Yoruba (Ife, Igbomina, Ekiti and Akure) and South-East Yoruba (Ondo, Owo and parts of Ijebu).
The Fula or Fula, Fulani, Fulatanchi is a language of West Africa, spoken by the Fula people also known as the Fulbe or Peuls from Senegal to Cameroon and Sudan. It belongs to the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family. The Hausa call them the Fulani, while the Wolof use Peul and the Mandinka Fula. The Fula call themselves Fulbe (plural), Pullo (singular). Speakers of western dialects call their language Pulaar or Poular, while eastern dialects use Fulfulde. There are at least five major dialects: Futa Toro, Futa Jallon, and Masina in the west and Central Nigeria. The year 2000 population report said that an estimated number of 11,585,000 Fulfulde are scattered in states like Sokoto, Adamawa, Kano, Jos, Katsina, Maiduguri and part of Bauchi state.
This is a language spoken by over 3 million in Nigerians, about 500,000 Nigerien, 100,000 Chadians, and 60,000 Cameroonians. Kanuri is unrelated to Hausa which is the most commonly spoken language in northern Nigeria. The Kanuri language has the largest number of speakers of the Central Saharan Language Family which has speakers from northern Nigeria to Central Sudan. The speakers are mainly located in Borno, Yobe and Jigawa States.
The Ijaw language consists of nine closely related Niger-Congo languages, all of which belong to the Ijoid branch of the Niger-Congo tree. Approximately 2 million people speak Izon which belongs to the Eastern Ijo division of the language. The second most prominent sub-language, Kalabari belongs to the Western
This is one of the Edoid languages that is largely spoken by the major ethnic group in Delta state of southern Nigeria. The Urhobo language has from time immemorial, suffered dialect variations following the breakout of some of its clans and kingdoms. Today, Urhobo language has more than 10 subdialects namely: Orogun, Udu, Agbarha, Ofoni, Ughievwien, and even Isoko among others. Though it is a language of one set of people, most Nigerians learn it as a slang. It is presently estimated that about 1 Million people or more speak Urhobo in Nigeria.
This is the first African language in Print in Africa beginning in 1862. Efik is the native language of the Efik people of Nigeria, where it is a national language. It is the official language of Cross River State. Compared to neighbouring languages around the South Eastern coast of Nigeria, the Efik language is blessed with language contact. Its early contact with the slave traders and later with Christian missionaries paved way for the Language’s development. It is, in fact, the first Nigerian language that was reduced to writing. It is the first or second language of most Cross River indigene. The language Efikcan also be understood by the Ibibio speaking people of Akwa Ibom state
The Edo language is a Volta–Niger language spoken primarily in Edo State. It is the primary language of the Edo people of Igodomigodo. A language is mainly spoken by at least 1 million people in Edo State. It is said that the Edoid language invariably the Bini language belongs to the most wide-spread of the five great language families of Africa. Years back, there was a rising alarm about how the language is going extinct as a result of the decline in the Edo speaking homes.
This is part of the Southern Bantoid Tivoidfamily, a branch of Benue–Congo and ultimately of the Niger-Congo family.spoken by over 2 million people in Nigeria concentrated mainly in Benue State (Makurdi, Gwer, Gboko Kwande, Vandeikya, and Katsina-Ala LGAs). It is also widely spoken in Plateau State (Lafia LGA) and Taraba State (Bali, Takum, and Wukari LGAs).
Africa is generally recognised to have four main language families. Each of these has a common origin in the deep past. Languages belonging to three of these groupings – Niger-Congo, Afroasiatic and Nilo-Saharan – can be found in West Africa. The most important for the region is the Niger-Congo family.
Dialects of the hottest continent in the world are grouped into 4 families: Afrasian, Niger-Congolese (formerly West Sudanese), Nilo-Saharan and Bushman. One of the main African languages is called Swahili. In East Africa, this dialect is spoken by 150 million people. Afrasian family