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  1. May 18, 2020 · The Federalist Party: Creating a New Government. By Adam E. Zielinski • May 18, 2020 • Updated April 23, 2024. Of all the things the Federalist Party can be labeled among its enemies of the era, no one could undermine the very nature of its inception. The concept of American republicanism was at the forefront of its creation in 1787; what ...

  2. In foreign affairs they were pro-British, while the Jeffersonians were pro-French. The members of the Federalist party were mostly wealthy merchants, big property owners in the North, and conservative small farmers and businessmen. Geographically, they were concentrated in New England, with a strong element in the Middle Atlantic states.

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    • Rise of The Federalist Party
    • Federalist Influence on Foreign Affairs
    • The Whiskey Rebellion
    • War of The Press
    • Election of 1796
    • Alien and Sedition Acts
    • Election of 1800
    • Federalists in The Minority
    • Opposition to The War of 1812
    • Conclusion

    In 1789, Alexander Hamilton became U.S. Secretary of the Treasury with the largest and most active department of government, and (usually) with Washington's support. Hamilton wanted a strong national government and decided that required financial credibility and a national network of supporters. Hamilton proposed an ambitious economic program that ...

    The French Revolution and the subsequent war between royalist Britain and republican France--decisively shaped American politics, 1793-1800, and indeed threatened to entangle the nation in wars that "mortally threatened its very existence." The French revolutionaries guillotined King Louis XVI in January 1793, leading the British to declare war to ...

    The excise tax of 1791 caused grumbling from the frontier, including threats of tax resistance. Corn, the chief crop on the frontier, was too bulky to ship over the mountains to market unless it was first distilled into whiskey. This was profitable, as the United States population consumed, per capita, relatively large quantities of liquor. After t...

    To strengthen their coalitions and hammer away constantly at the opposition, both parties sponsored newspapers in Philadelphia and other major cities. On the Republican side, Philip Freneau and Benjamin Franklin Bache blasted the administration with all the scurrility at their command. Bache, in particular, targeted Washington himself as the front ...

    Hamilton distrusted John Adamsbut was unable to block his claims to the succession. The election of 1796 was the first partisan affair in the nation's history and one of the more scurrilous in terms of newspaper attacks. Adams swept New England and Jefferson the South, with the middle states leaning to Adams. Thus, Adams was the winner by a margin ...

    After an American delegation was insulted in Paris in the XYZ affair, public opinion ran strongly against the French. An undeclared "Quasi-War" with France from 1798 to 1800 saw each side attacking and capturing the other's shipping. It was called "quasi" because there was no declaration of war, but escalation was a serious threat. There, The Feder...

    Adams' peace moves proved popular with the Federalist rank and file, and he seemed to stand a good chance of reelection in 1800. Jefferson was again the opponent, and Federalists pulled out all stops in warning that he was a dangerous revolutionary, hostile to religion, who would weaken the government, damage the economy, and get into war with Brit...

    The Federalists continued for several years to be a major political party in New England and the Northeast but never regained control of the Presidency or the Congress. With the death of Washington and Hamilton and the retirement of Adams, the Federalists were left without a strong leader and grew steadily weaker. A few younger leaders did appear, ...

    The War of 1812went poorly for the Americans for two years. Even though Britain was concentrating its military efforts on its war with Napoleon, the United States still failed to make any headway on land and was effectively blockaded at sea by the Royal Navy. The British raided and burned Washington D.C. in 1814 and sent a large veteran army to cap...

    The Federalists were dominated by conservative businessmen and merchants in the major cities who supported a strong national government. The party was closely linked to the modernizing, urbanizing financial policies of Alexander Hamilton. These policies included the funding of the national debt and also the state debts incurred during the Revolutio...

  4. Oct 13, 2022 · lobbyist-- a person who represents an organization before government in an attempt to influence policy. private interest group-- seek particularized benefits from government that favor either a single interest or a narrow set of interests. public interest group-- an interest group that seeks a public good, which is something that accrues to all.

  5. The power to prohibit discrimination in restaurants, hotels, and other public accommodations. The power to draft people into the armed services. The power to establish a minimum wage. The power to monitor air and water pollution. The power to limit the number of immigrants to the U.S. The power to regulate monopolies and other practices which ...

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  6. Jul 10, 2022 · Thus, the federal government needed to step in to eliminate such threats to order. However, the Republicans saw in Washington’s decision to intervene in Pennsylvania the first signs of the federal government trampling on the people’s liberty. In 1796, the two parties vied to win the presidency in the nation’s first partisan election.

  7. The Whig Party arose in their place, and subsequently the Republican Party. It followed up on Federalist themes, under Lincoln as the party seeking the elimination of slavery and the consolidation of the Union as a single form of society, and under Theodore Roosevelt as the neo-Hamiltonian party favoring a strong federal government, a unified ...