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  1. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/crime/alcatraz
    • Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds.
    • Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which wanted a federal prison that could house a criminal population too difficult or dangerous to be handled by other U.S. penitentiaries.
    • Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The Rock was the notorious Prohibition-era gangster Al “Scarface” Capone, who spent four-and-a-half years there during the 1930s.
    • Escape Attempts from Alcatraz. Over the years, there were 14 known attempts to escape from Alcatraz, involving 36 inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons reports that of these would-be escapees, 23 were captured, six were shot and killed during their attempted getaways, two drowned and five went missing and were presumed drowned.
  2. List of Alcatraz Inmates | Alcatraz Wiki | Fandom

    alcatraz.fandom.com/wiki/List_of_Alcatraz_Inmates

    The following is a list of shown or referenced Alcatraz inmates. Johnny McKee: 2055 "Johnny McKee" Incarcerated on November 23, 1959. Arrested for poisoning and murder.

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  4. Federal Prisoners Arrive at Alcatraz - HISTORY

    www.history.com/this-day-in-history/federal...

    Aug 10, 2020 · In 1934, Alcatraz was fortified into a high-security federal penitentiary designed to hold the most dangerous prisoners in the U.S. penal system, especially those with a penchant for escape attempts.

  5. List of inmates of Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_inmates_of_Alcatraz...

    This is a list of notable inmates of Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary.An inmate register reveals that there was 1576 prisoners in total which were held at Alcatraz during its time as a Federal Penitentiary, between 1934 to 1963, although figures reported have varied and some have stated 1557.

  6. Battle of Alcatraz - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Alcatraz

    The Battle of Alcatraz, which lasted from May 2 to 4, 1946, was the result of an unsuccessful escape attempt at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary by armed convicts. Two Federal Bureau of Prisons officers—William A. Miller and Harold Stites—were killed along with three of the perpetrators.

    • Escape attempt failed
  7. Escape from Alcatraz (film) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escape_from_Alcatraz_(film)

    Escape from Alcatraz is a 1979 American prison action film directed by Don Siegel. It is an adaptation of the 1963 non-fiction book of the same name by J. Campbell Bruce and dramatizes the 1962 prisoner escape from the maximum security prison on Alcatraz Island.

  8. Top five Alcatraz movies — fact or myth? – The Mercury News

    www.mercurynews.com/2016/04/26/top-five-alcatraz...

    Apr 26, 2016 · The numbers you see today above the cell doors were added for the movie. 2. ” Birdman of Alcatraz” (1962): Burt Lancaster plays real-life inmate Robert Stroud as a convicted murderer turned ...

  9. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcatraz_Island

    In 1898, the Spanish–American War increased the prison population from 26 to over 450, and from 1905 to 1907 it was commanded by U.S. Army General George W. McIver. After the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, civilian prisoners were transferred to Alcatraz for safe confinement.

  10. Alcatraz closes its doors - HISTORY

    www.history.com/this-day-in-history/alcatraz...

    Mar 19, 2020 · Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco's Bay closes down and transfers its last prisoners. At its peak period of use in 1950s, “The Rock," or "America’s Devil Island," housed over 200 inmates at the ...

  11. Remembering “The Great Escape,” 70 Years Ago - HISTORY

    www.history.com/news/remembering-the-great...

    Aug 29, 2018 · Ceremonies are marking the 70th anniversary of “The Great Escape” of 76 Allied airmen from a Nazi prisoner of war camp. ... in World War II. ... prisoners of war, and 13 of them were executed. ...

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