What is Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation Art? The term "Catholic Counter-Reformation art" describes the more stringent, doctrinal style of Christian art which was developed during the period c.1560-1700, in response to Martin Luther's revolt against Rome (1517) and the Protestant Reformation art which followed.
The Catholic Reformation and the Baroque Style With the Counter Reformation, the church dedicated itself against protestants. For this, it took several action such as not allowing more corruption among the members, founded new religious orders to strengthen the institution.
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A growth in interest in mysticism is also an aspect of the Catholic Reformation, reflecting this intensity of emotional response to God’s call. It was particularly a mark of the piety of France and Spain, countries where Counter Reformation Catholicism was especially strong.
Some scholars call this period the Counter Reformation, assuming the Catholic Church was responding to the Protestant movement; most Catholics, however, refer to it as the Catholic Reformation, arguing that the effort was an independent action within the church.
The Counter Reformation The Counter Reformation, also known as the Catholic Reformation, was about a hundred year period in Europe that aimed towards a resurgence of the Catholic Church in a new light that would draw followers and the faithful back to the heart of the church.
The term "Catholic Counter-Reformation art" describes the more stringent, doctrinal style of Christian art which was developed during the period c. 1560-1700, in response to Martin Luther's revolt against Rome (1517) and the Protestant Reformation art. which followed.
Oct 07, 2014 · A major effort of the Catholic Church’s counter-reformation was to remove the idolization typically present in religious scenes. The idea was to make both religion and the art more relatable than venerable and bring people back to the core foundations of their faith.
Corresponding with the Society's theological task as the spearhead of the Counter-Reformation, the new style soon became a triumphant feature in Catholic church architecture. After the second world war, modern materials and techniques such as concrete and metal panels were introduced in Norwegian church construction.
- Council of Trent
- Thomas Tallis
- William Byrd
- Women and Music During and After The Counter Reformation
The Counter Reformation, also known as the Catholic Reformation, was about a hundred year period in Europe that aimed towards a resurgence of the Catholic Church in a new light that would draw followers and the faithful back to the heart of the church. The Counter Reformation came about at the same time as the Protestant Reformation in the mid-16th century and into the 17th century. The Catholic church was looking to brighten its appearance after the church was exposed of various financial abuses and cardinal corruption. The goal was to revamp the look of the church and bring back focus to the religious importance and values of being Catholic. At the center of the reforms were arts including literature, painting, architecture, and music to raise religious consciousness during this time. Music of the Catholic Church was a huge part of the art and cultural changes that would come about during the Counter Reformation. While the musical changes and decisions took place in various parts...
Overview The Council of Trent was a church council made up of cardinals that met in Italy to discuss reforms that would be taking place in response to the issues that Pope Paul III saw needed to be implemented to draw people back to the heart of the church. “Trent hosted the council in three distinct periods that stretched over eighteen years—1545–1547, 1551–1552, and 1562– 1563” (O’Malley). The third period was the period in which the most amount of people were a part of the council actively, about 200 members made up the council. The third period was also the period in which the issue of music in the church was discussed in the Council of Trent (O’Malley). The 22ndSession of the Council of Trent that took place on September 17, 1562, included a brief portion of discussion titled “Decree on the Sacrifice of the Mass”. The decisions that came out of the Council of Trent were vital to the sacred culture of the church for the century to follow the Counter Reformation. Concerns and Com...
Overview Thomas Tallis was an English Counter Reformation composer who aimed to create pieces that reflected stylistic compromises between the reforms emphasized by the council and the artistry of catholic church music. He was born in Kent in the early 1600s, as there is no exact record of his early life and birth. It is known that he began coming into contact with some of England’s greatest composers while at the church at St. Mary-at-Hill where he was an organist (Paul, Allison). Tallis began to leave his mark on English church music while he was an organist and teacher of keyboard and composition at the royal household serving under Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary Tudor, and for more than half of the reign of Elizabeth I (Paul, Allison). It is said that during the mid-1600s, Tallis presented compositions of new vocal polyphony for the royal masses in England, through this Tallis earned himself a reputable name. He spent a great amount of time constructing new pieces of music that inc...
One man who followed in the composition footsteps and had great influence form Tallis was the English William Byrd. Byrd would go on to be another great contributor to reformation of church music. He started off as a pupil of Tallis while at the Royal Chapel and grew to be a great companion to Tallis. Byrd is credited with having kept alive the tradition of the Latin motet style of church music in the Catholic Church post counter reformation. There were very few paces throughout England that the Latin motet could be heard in public as it was seen for private secular use rather than catholic liturgical use at the time of the reformation. The highly varied choral style known as a motet, was Byrd’s signature work, a daring one at the time of so many reformers demanding a band on secular use. Byrd was a known Catholic and was protected by the Queen Mary herself along with Tallis. The publishing license given to Tallis was also shared with Byrd. Due to his open Catholic practice and effo...
Overview After the Counter Reformation, revival of the culture of the church caused courts to take an interest in convents around Europe. The Augustinian convent of St. Jakob, for example, had let out a mass production of great music by the late 1600s(Page). Vienna was one of the most flourishing cities for convents of nuns who wanted to create music. Around the end of the seventeenth century, “cloistered nuns regularly heard excellently performed church music, and had a fine model to emulate in their own musical efforts” (Page). On the other hand, Italian convents were under tough restrictions on creating music and accessing musical training as well as disproving of polyphonic compositions such as the ones created by Byrd and Tallis. Music in Viennese Convents The precise location of convents in Vienna near Jesuit schools and colleges allowed the nuns to have easy access to musical educations, an activity that was actually encouraged by the Catholic church in Vienna. The musical en...Burkholder, J. Peter. “Chapter 8: Sacred Music in the Era of the Reformation.” Concise History of Western Music, 3rd Edition . W.W. Norton and Company, Web. 29 Nov. 2016.Chapelle du Roi. “Tallis: Blessed are those that be undefiled.” Online video clip. YouTube. 11 November 2014. Web. 27 November 2016.“Counter-Reformation.” Counter-Reformation – New World Encyclopedia. 26 June 2013. Web. 27 Nov. 2016.Craig A. Monson. “The Council of Trent Revisited.” Journal of the American Musicological Society, Vol. 55, No. 1 (2002).
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