4 days ago · At times, much of the continent was united under a powerful Papacy, but by the 14th century, the development of centralized bureaucracies (the foundation of the modern nation-state) was well on its way in France, England, Spain, Burgundy, and Portugal, and partly because of the dominance of the church at the beginning of the crusading era.
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2 days ago · The Catholic trade unions formed the left wing of the Catholic community in Germany. The Nazis moved quickly to suppress both the "Free" unions (Socialist) and the "Christian unions" (allied with the Catholic Church). In 1933 all unions were liquidated. Catholic union leaders arrested by the regime included Blessed Nikolaus Gross and Jakob Kaiser.
- Era of Jesus
- Early Christianity
- Era of The Seven Ecumenical Councils
- Middle Ages
- 17th Century
- 18th Century
- 19th Century
- 20th Century
This list tells only about the things that happened in the part of the world where Jesus was born. This region is now called Israel and Palestine. In the time of Jesus, it was under the rule of the Romans. 1. 1 This year is sometimes celebrated as beginning near the time of Jesus' birth. People who study it now say that it was calculated wrongly. 2. 6 Herod Archelaus was deposed (put off his throne) by Caesar Augustus. The Roman rulers brought together Samaria, Judea and Idumea as "Iudaea Province" with its capital at Caesarea. Quirinius became Governor of Syria. Quininus conducted a census and was opposed by a Jewish group called the Zealots (JA18, (Luke 2:1–3, Acts 5:37) 3. 7–26 Brief period of peace, relatively free of revolt and bloodshed in Iudaea and Galilee (John P. Meier's A Marginal Jew, v. 1, ch. 11) 4. 9 Pharisee leader Hillel the Elder dies, temporary rise of Shammai 5. 14–37 Tiberius, Roman Emperor 6. 18–36 Caiaphas, appointed High Priest of Herod's Temple by Prefect Va...
See also: Early Christianity 65? Q document, a hypothetical Greek text thought by many critical scholars to have been used in writing of Matthew and Luke 66–73 Great Jewish Revolt: destruction of Herod's Temple, Qumran community destroyed, site of Dead Sea Scrollsfound in 1947 68–107? Ignatius, third Bishop of Antioch, fed to the lions in the Roman Colosseum, advocated the Bishop (Eph 6:1, Mag 2:1,6:1,7:1,13:2, Tr 3:1, Smy 8:1,9:1), rejected Jewish Sabbath on Saturday in favor of The Lord's Day (Sunday). (Mag 9.1), rejected Judaizing (Mag 10.3), first use of term Christianity(Mag 10). 70(±10)? Gospel of Mark, written in Rome, by Peter's interpreter (1 Peter 5:13), original ending apparently lost, endings added c. 400, see Mark 16 70? Signs Gospel written, hypothetical Greek text used in Gospel of John to prove Jesus is the Messiah 70–100? additional Pauline Epistles 70–200? Didache; Other Gospels: Unknown Berlin Gospel, Gospel of Peter, Gospel of Thomas, Oxyrhynchus Gospels, Egerton...
Constantine called the First Council of Nicaea in 325 to unify Christology, also called the first great Christian council by Jerome, the first ecumenical, decreed the Original Nicene Creed, but rejected by Nontrinitarianism such as Arius, Theonas, Secundus, Eusebius of Nicomedia, and Theognis who were excommunicated, also addressed Easter controversy and passed 20 Canon laws. 1. 325 The Kingdom of Aksum (Modern Ethiopia) declares Christianity as the official state Religion becoming the second country to do so 2. 325 Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, ordered by Constantine 3. 326, November 18 Pope Sylvester consecrates the Basilica of St. Peter built by Constantine the Great over the tomb of the Apostle. 4. 328–373 Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, first cite of modern 27 book New Testament canon 5. 330 Old Church of the Holy Apostles, dedicated by Constantine 6. 330, May 11 Constantinoplesolemnly inaugurated. Constantine moves the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium, renamin...See also: Middle Ages800 King Charlemagne of the Franks is crowned first Holy Roman Emperor of the West by Pope Leo III.849–865 Ansgar, Archbishop of Bremen, "Apostle of the North", began evangelisation of North Germany, Denmark, Sweden855 Antipope Anastasius, Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor appointed him over Pope Benedict IIIbut popular pressure caused withdrawal863 Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius sent by the Patriarch of Constantinople to evangelise the Slavic peoples. They translate the Bible into Slavonic.869–870 Catholic Fourth Council of Constantinople, condemned Patriarch Photius, rejected by Orthodox
See also: Renaissance 1305–1378 Avignon Papacy, Popes live in Avignon, France 1311 Divine Comedy, by Dante Alighieri 1311–1312 Catholic Council of Vienne, disbanded Knights Templar 1314 Jacques de Molay, last Grandmaster of Knights Templar, burned at the stake 1326 Metropolitan Peter moves his see from Kiev to Moscow 1341–1351 Orthodox Fifth Council of Constantinople 1342 Marsilius of Padua 1345 Sergii Radonezhskii founds a hermitage in the woods, which would grow into the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra 1378–1418 Western Schismin Roman Catholicism 1380–1382 Wyclif's Bible, by John Wycliffe, eminent theologian at Oxford, NT in 1380, OT (with help of Nicholas of Hereford) in 1382, translations into Middle English, first complete translation to English, included deuterocanonical books, preached against abuses, expressed anti-catholic views of the sacraments (Penance and Eucharist), the use of relics, and Clerical celibacy 1408 Council of Oxford forbids translations of the Scriptures into the...
See also: Reformation 1517 95 Theses of Martin Luther begins German Protestant Reformation 1521 Diet of Worms condemns Luther 1521 Ferdinand Magellan claims the Philippines for Spain. First mass and subsequent conversion to Catholicism, first in East Asia. 1522 Luther's NT, German NT translation 1525 Anabaptistmovement begins 1526 Tyndale's NT, English NT translation from 1516 Greek text of Erasmus, first printed edition, used as a vehicle by Tyndale for bitter attacks on Catholicism, reflects influence of Luther's NT in rejecting priest for elder, church for congregation, banned in 1546 by Henry VIII 1530 Augsburg Confession, Luther founds the Lutheran Church 1531 Huldrych Zwingli, Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, independent of Luther 1531 Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico 1534 Henry VIII established independent Church of England, see also English Reformation 1534 Jesuit order founded by Ignatius of Loyola, helped reconvert large areas of Poland, Hungary, and S. Germany and se...1600 Giordano Bruno, Dominican priest, burned at the stake1604 Fausto Paolo Sozzini Socinianism1606 Carlo Maderno redesigns St Peter's Basilica into a Latin cross1607 Jamestown, Virginiafounded1701 Old Catholic Church of the Netherlands splits with Roman Catholicism1721 Peter the Greatsubstituted Moscow Patriarchate with the Holy Synod1728 The Vicar of Bray (song)1730–1749 First Great Awakening in U.S.
See also: Industrial Revolution 1800 Friedrich Schleiermacher publishes his first book, beginning Liberal Christianitymovement 1801 Cane Ridge, Kentucky 1811 The Campbells begin Restoration Movement 1815 Peter the Aleut, orthodox Christian, tortured and martyred in Catholic San Francisco, California 1816 Bishop Richard Allen, a former slave, founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church, the first African-American denomination 1819 Thomas Jeffersonproduced the Jefferson Bible 1824 English translation of Wilhelm Gesenius' ...Handwörterbuch...: Hebrew-English Lexicon, Hendrickson Publishers 1828 Plymouth Brethren founded, Dispensationalism 1830 Charles Finney's revivals lead to Second Great Awakeningin America 1830, April 6 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormonism) founded by Joseph Smith, Jr. as a result of reported visitations and commandment by God the Father, Jesus Christ, and later the Angel Moroni. Book of Mormonalso published in 1830. 1832 Church of Christ (Discip...1905 French law on the separation of Church and State1906 Albert Schweitzer publishes The Quest of the Historical Jesus(English translation 1910)1906 Biblia Hebraica1906–1909 Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, California, begins modern Pentecostal movement
5 days ago · The Western Schism, also called Papal Schism, The Vatican Standoff, Great Occidental Schism and Schism of 1378 (Latin: Magnum schisma occidentale, Ecclesiae occidentalis schisma), was a split within the Catholic Church lasting from 1378 to 1417 in which bishops residing in Rome and Avignon both claimed to be the true pope, joined by a third line of Pisan popes in 1409.
5 days ago · The Roman Catholic Church holds that a bishop's consecration is valid if the sacrament of Holy Orders is validly administered with the intention of doing what the Roman Catholic Church does by ordination and according to a valid sacramental form, and if the consecrating bishop's orders are valid, regardless of whether the rite takes place ...
4 days ago · Preterism was first expounded by the Jesuit Luis de Alcasar during the Counter Reformation. The preterist view served to bolster the Catholic Church’s position against attacks by Protestants, who identified the Pope with the Anti-Christ. Interpretation of the Great Tribulation. Main article: Great Tribulation
6 days ago · The Liber Pontificalis presents a list that makes Linus the second in the line of bishops of Rome, with Peter as first; but at the same time it states that Peter ordained two bishops, Linus and Anacletus, for the priestly service of the community, devoting himself instead to prayer and preaching, and that it was to Clement that he entrusted the Church as a whole, appointing him as his successor.
6 days ago · The Caroline era followed the Jacobean era, the reign of Charles's father James I & VI (1603–1625), overlapped with the English Civil War (1642–1651), and was followed by the English Interregnum until The Restoration in 1660. It should not be confused with the Carolean era which refers to the reign of Charles I's son King Charles II.
5 days ago · The Roman Catholic Church celebrates St. Francis de Sales' feast on 24 January, the day of his burial in Annecy in 1624. From the year 1666, when his feast day was inserted into the General Roman Calendar , until its 1969 revision , he was celebrated on 29 January, a date still observed by some Traditionalist Catholics .
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