What is the history of rock music in China?
- The widely acknowledged forefather of Chinese rock is Cui Jian. In the late 1980s he played the first Chinese rock song called: " Nothing To My Name " ("Yi wu suo you"). It was the first time an electric guitar was used in China.
Chinese music - Chinese music - Developments since 1911: Under the influence of missionary and modernization movements, many musical experimentations occurred in the last dynasty, but these were greatly increased by the rise of the first republic in 1911 and by the rule of the Chinese Communist Party beginning in 1949. During the period of the republic and of the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45 ...
China ( Chinese: 中国; pinyin: Zhōngguó ), officially the People's Republic of China ( PRC; Chinese: 中华人民共和国; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion.
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What is the history of rock music in China?
What is regional music in China?
What is the history of traditional music in Asia?
When did revolutionary songs become popular in China?
- Types/Styles of Music
- Folk Music
- Chinese Musical Instruments
- Different Cultures / Regional
- Modern Chinese Music
Early history –
Music began in China 1000’s of years ago as evidenced by excavations in Henan uncovering bone flutes dating back 8,000 years, and clay music instruments in Xi'an dating back 6,000 years. The Zhou Dynasty (10th to 7th century BC), established a formal system of court and ceremonial music (later called “Yayue” - meaning "elegant music") which embraced the concept of music as a cosmological manifestation of sounds found in nature and integrated into the dual universal order of yin and yang. "Cor...
Qin to Qing dynasty –
Other Asian instruments and musical styles – such as the erhu and the pipa from Central Asia and the Heptatonic scale from India – were introduced in subsequent dynasties (although the heptatonic scale was later abandoned in China). The uber-famous Chinese instrument, the Qin, became famous during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), while European music arrived in China as early as 1601 when a harpsichord was given to the Ming imperial court by a visiting Jesuit priest, who also trained several eu...
The Republic of China
Symphony orchestras played to a wide audience in the concert halls of most major cities and on the newly invented radio. Many musicians added jazz influences to traditional music, through the addition of xylophones, saxophones and violins, among other instruments. In Shanghai, a popular genre of music called Shidaiqu, which is a fusion of Chinese and Western popular music, emerged in the 1920s and dominated the Chinese music scene for three decades. In the 1940s, a large-scale campaign was in...
There are many ways to categorize Chinese music, but in a general sense, they can be divided into Folk Music and Opera. While both genres will sound vastly different from music produced in the West, Chinese folk music is somewhat similar to Western folk music as both can evoke the flavor of local culture and have a great degree of focus on instrumentation instead of voice and lyrics. Chinese opera, likewise, is similar to western opera in that it’s largely focused on vocalization with light instrumental accompaniment – the voice truly takes center stage, although the overall style and sound of Chinese opera is vastly different. Neither forms are popular today and found in only selected areas of society – Chinese opera is still performed across the country but does not attract the same following as modern music. Folk music is played at weddings and funerals, occasional concerts are performed nationwide, and it can still be heard coming from the homes of elder citizens, but it’s rarel...
Usually played in ensembles or by large orchestras in the same way European “Classical music” has traditionally been played.
For many people unfamiliar with Chinese music, one of the more fascinating aspects is the extensive variety of unique instruments. Most of the instruments used in traditional Chinese music are only found in Asian music, and some of them are exclusive to China. The shape and form of many instruments are unlike anything found in Western culture and the sounds they produce are likewise hard, if not impossible, to replicate on Western instruments. In short, entering the world of traditional Chinese music is like entering a completely different musical world. Bamboo pipes and the qin are some of the oldest known Chinese musical instruments. Musical instruments are divided into 8 categories known as “bayin”. Traditional music in China is played on solo instruments or in small groups of stringed instruments, flutes, and different cymbals, gongs, and drums. Instruments are divided by their material of composition: animal skins, gourd, bamboo, wood, silk, earth/clay, metal, and stone. Chines...
There are many kinds of Chinese opera that are related to different geographic regions and each have a distinct flavor and style. However, to the untrained ear, each type will sound strikingly similar and in fact, all Chinese operatic styles do share many overall traits. They all tend to focus on a high-pitched female voice, elaborate costumes adorned with masks or full-face makeup (usually with accentuated eye and lip color), and ornate headpieces. For a more detailed, comprehensive article on Chinese opera
China has many ethnic minorities living amongst the majority Han culture – making up about 90% of China’s population today. The other 10% are divided among 100s of other ethnicities, the largest groups being Tibetans, Uyghurs, Manchus, Zhuang, Dai, Mongolians, Naxi, Miao, Wa, Yi, and Lisu.
National / Revolutionary
An ideological music with political or nationalistic content, sometimes adapted to a grand orchestral presentation. Created in the early to mid-20th century, this became the leading music genre on radio and television after the Communist party came to power until the 1980s. During the height of the Cultural Revolution, political music was the most prevalent style and became known as Revolutionary Music with a near cult status under pro-Communist ideology. (Note: a major, important difference...
This category can also be called C-pop, Cantopop, or Mandopop. For reference, pop music from Korea and Japan are referred to as K-pop and J-pop respectively. Music can be sung in either Mandarin or Cantonese. A large percent of C-pop music comes from Hong Kong or Taiwan, with a smaller percent coming from Singapore, Malaysia, or mainland China. From a musical and songwriting perspective, Chinese pop music is generally described as quite simple. Structurally, Chinese songs carry a basic verse-...
While there is a thriving C-pop market in Asia today, Hip-Hop (and Rock) are significantly less popular and in fact, Hip Hop music in mainland China was done mostly underground until a decade ago when it gained a small amount of mainstream acceptance (especially with the younger Chinese generation). Because of Hip-Hop’s inherent rebellious nature and counter-culture lyrics, this genre has taken a long time to become an accepted form of music compared to Hip-Hop in the West. Still today, the l...
- Eric M. Meyer
- Traditional Music
- Regional Music
- Modern Changes
- Modern Popular Music
- Rock and Heavy Metal
- Western Classical Music
- Patriotic / Revolutionary Music
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According to legends, the founder of music in Chinese mythology was Ling Lun who, at the request of the Yellow Emperor to create a system of music, made bamboo pipes tuned to the sounds of birds including the phoenix. A twelve-tone musical systemwas created based on the pitches of the bamboo pipes, the first of these pipes produced the "yellow bell" (黃鐘) pitch, and a set of tuned bells were then created from the pipes.
Musical instruments were traditionally classified into eight categories known as bayin. Traditional music in China is played on solo instruments or in small ensembles of plucked and bowed stringed instruments, flutes, and various cymbals, gongs, and drums. The scale is pentatonic. Bamboo pipes and qin are among the oldest known musical instruments from China; instruments are traditionally divided into categories based on their material of composition: animal skins, gourd, bamboo, wood, silk,...
Music of the Han culture
People of the Han ethnic group make up about 92% of the population of China. Han people's music consists of heterophonic music, in which the musicians play versions of a single melodic line. Percussion accompanies most music, dance, talks, and opera. Han Folk Music had many aspects to it regarding its meaning, feelings, and tonality. This genre of music, in a sense, is similar to the Chinese language. This relationship is made by tones, sliding from higher tones to lower tones, or lower to hi...
Chinese opera has been a popular form of entertainment for many centuries, from the Nanxi of Song dynasty to the Peking opera of today. The music is often guttural with high-pitched vocals, usually accompanied by suona, jinghu, other kinds of string instruments, and percussion. Other types of opera include clapper opera, Pingju, Cantonese opera, puppet opera, Kunqu, Sichuan opera, Qinqiang, ritual masked opera and Huangmei xi.
China has many ethnic groups besides the Han, who reside in various regions around the nation. These include Tibetans, Uyghurs, Manchus, Zhuang, Dai, Mongolians, Naxi, Miao, Wa, Yi, and Lisu.
In the early 20th century after the end of Imperial China, there were major changes to traditional Chinese music as part of the New Culture Movement. Much of what Westerners and even Chinese now consider to be music in the traditional Chinese style can be dated to this period and is in fact less than 100 years old. The modernization of Chinese music involved the adoption of some aspects of Western forms and values, such as the use of Western conservatorysystem of teaching, and changes to the instruments and their tuning, the composition, the orchestration of music, the notation system and performance style. Some forms of Chinese music however remained traditional and are little changed.
Chinese popular music found its beginnings in the shidaiqu genre. The shidaiqu genre was founded by Li Jinhui in mainland China and was influenced by Western jazz artists like Buck Clayton. After the takeover by the Communist in China, popular music were denounced as Yellow Music, a form of pornography. and record companies of Shanghai such as Baak Doi in 1952 left China. Mainland China was left on the sidelines in the development of pop music for a few decades, as the Chinese pop music indus...
Hip hop and rap
Mandarin rap music gradually became popular in mainland China, especially in Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing and Sichuan where pop culture is very diverse and modern. Although Chinese perform rap in different dialects and languages, most Chinese hip hop artists perform in China's most popular language: Mandarin. Cantonese rap is also very diverse in cities such as Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Hong Kong.
The Peking All-Starswere a rock band formed in Beijing in 1979, by foreigners then resident in the Chinese capital. The widely acknowledged forefather of Chinese rock is Cui Jian. In the late 1980s he played the first Chinese rock song called: "Nothing To My Name" ("Yi wu suo you"). It was the first time an electric guitar was used in China. He became the most famous performer of the time, and by 1988 he performed at a concert broadcast worldwide in conjunction with the Seoul Summer Olympic Games. His socially critical lyrics earned him the anger of the government and many of his concerts were banned or cancelled. After the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, he played with a red blindfold around his head as an action against the government. Following, two bands became famous Hei Bao (Black Panther) and Tang Dynasty. Both started during the late 1980s and early 1990s. Hei Bao is an old-school rock band whose first CD, Hei Bao used the popular English song ("Don't Bre...
Whereas orchestras organised by, run solely by and nearly always exclusive to the expatriate community in China are recorded from the early days of the International Settlement in Shanghai (i.e. 1850s) and a Russian orchestra was in operation in Harbin from the early 20th century, the beginnings of a unique classical music tradition in China lie with the first foreign trained Chinese conductor, Zheng Zhisheng AKA (romanized) Yin Zizhong. Zheng (Yin or Wan depending on romanization) was raised in China's Guangdong province. He was influenced by the Western Church Music at an early age. He studied in Lyons and Paris before returning to China in the 1930s. He became the first Chinese conductor of the Chongqing Symphonic Orchestra.Their performances included compositions from Beethoven and Mozart. The revolutionary spirit of Yin Zizhong's (or romanized Wan-Chi Chung's) style has been continued by the first generation of composers immediately following the accession of t...
During the height of the Cultural Revolution, political music became the dominant form. Music accelerated at the political level into "Revolutionary Music" leaning toward cult status and becoming mainstream under pro-Communist ideology. Jiang Qing introduced the revolutionary model operas under her direct supervision; the eight Model Dramas (6 operas and 2 ballets) were promoted while traditional operas were banned. Notable examples are the operas The Legend of the Red Lantern and Taking Tiger Mountain by Strategy, and the ballet pieces Red Detachment of Women and The White Haired Girl. Other forms of musical composition and performance were greatly restricted. After the Cultural Revolution, musical institutions were reinstated and musical composition and performance revived. Some of the more widely known political songs are Military Anthem of the People's Liberation Army, The East is Red, and the Internationale.(in French) Audio clips: Traditional music of the China. Musée d'ethnographie de Genève. Accessed November 25, 2010.
Mar 14, 2017 · 4.My Chinese Heart (A song arousing the patriotism of all overseas chinese) It was sung by a Hongkong singer Zhang Mingming in the spring festival gala of CCTV in 1984 for the first time and became a household name. This song is powerful and fully express the patriotism, which aroused the homeland missing of many overseas Chinese.
wider debates about Chinese culture and identity that have taken place both in China and abroad over the past decade. In publications devoted to music, such as Zhongguo yinyue (Chinese Music) and Renmin yinyue (People's Music), there is little direct response to the 'crisis'. Material relating to traditional music often takes the form of