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      • This sort of pilgrimage was an ascetic religious practice, as the pilgrim left the security of home and the clan for an unknown destination, trusting completely in Divine Providence. These travels often resulted in the founding of new abbeys and the spread of Christianity among the pagan population in Britain and in continental Europe. Modern era
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  2. › topics › colonial-americaThe Pilgrims - HISTORY

    Dec 02, 2009 · A scouting party was sent out, and in late December the group landed at Plymouth Harbor, where they would form the first permanent settlement of Europeans in New England. These original settlers of...

    • Principal Types of Shrine
    • The Evolution of Pilgrimage in Europe
    • Bibliography

    The first type of shrine for pilgrimage evident in Europe was the sanctuary for relics, centered on a tomb or reliquary containing the remains of a saint or a fragment thereof. Usually initiated by mass devotion, such worship was validated by the bishop up to the thirteenth century and thereafter by the pope. Among these shrines, the tomb of Peter ...

    There have been six main stages in the evolution of pilgrimage in Europe beginning with the Middle Ages. The period encompassing the eleventh to the fourteenth centuries saw a dramatic increase in the number of centers of pilgrimage and a corresponding rise in the number of pilgrims. During the fifteenth century and above all the sixteenth century ...

    For a general view of the meaning of Christian pilgrimage, see Victor Turner and Edith Turner's Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture: Anthropological Perspectives (New York, 1978). A more detailed work on Roman Catholic pilgrimage in Europe, and particularly in France, is the recent and well-informed publication edited by Jean Chelini and Henr...

  3. May 30, 2022 · In 1620, a band of English settlers, known as Separatists because of their break from the Church of England, fled to America to avoid religious persecution. These settlers, or Pilgrims, established Plymouth Colony in the Massachusetts Bay after coming to shore seeking refuge from a storm on their way to Virginia.

  4. Artists made objects that allowed pilgrims to commemorate their journey, ranging from simple badges to elaborate miniature reliquaries . It was customary for pilgrims to bring offerings to the shrines they visited, and many of these, too, were works of art: costly liturgical vessels, elaborate priestly vestments, and other precious objects ...

  5. Aug 27, 2018 · Camino Frances: Pilgrims’ Walk from Bilbao to Santiago de Compostela. St. James (Santiago in Spanish) was one of the Twelve Apostles and is the national patron of Spain. He was said to have returned to Judea after preaching the Gospel in the Iberian Peninsula, and was consequently put to death by Herod. The apostle’s body, as tradition ...

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