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Jul 14, 2019 · Appearing at the turn of the century in 1900, inventor Charles Seeberger took the already existing escalator designs from Jesse Reno and created the escalator, something that would eventually...
- 19 Great Inventions That Revolutionized History
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- 19 Great Inventions That Revolutionized History
Jul 21, 2009 · June 1900–September 1901: When the bloody uprising known as the Boxer Rebellion occurs in China, the protest against foreigners ultimately leads to the end of the last imperial dynasty—the Qing (1644–1912). July 29: Italy's King Umberto is assassinated after several years of social unrest and the imposition of martial law.
- Jennifer Rosenberg
- History Expert
The 1900s Science and Technology: Overview Scientific and technological advancements invented and perfected during the early 1900s had significant effects throughout the twentieth century. Intense thought, research, and experimentation in the fields of mechanics, communications, physics, genetics, and psychology dominated the decade.
- When Was The Industrial Revolution?
- Spinning Jenny
- Impact of Steam Power
- Transportation During The Industrial Revolution
- Banking and Communication in The Industrial Revolution
- Labor Movement
- The Industrial Revolution in The United States
- Effects of The Industrial Revolution
Though a few innovations were developed as early as the 1700s, the Industrial Revolution began in earnest by the 1830s and 1840s in Britain, and soon spread to the rest of the world, including the United States. Modern historians often refer to this period as the First Industrial Revolution, to set it apart from a second period of industrialization...
Thanks in part to its damp climate, ideal for raising sheep, Britain had a long history of producing textiles like wool, linen and cotton. But prior to the Industrial Revolution, the British textile business was a true “cottage industry,” with the work performed in small workshops or even homes by individual spinners, weavers and dyers. Starting in...
An icon of the Industrial Revolution broke onto the scene in the early 1700s, when Thomas Newcomen designed the prototype for the first modern steam engine. Called the “atmospheric steam engine,” Newcomen’s invention was originally applied to power the machines used to pump water out of mine shafts. In the 1760s, Scottish engineer James Wattbegan t...
Britain’s road network, which had been relatively primitive prior to industrialization, soon saw substantial improvements, and more than 2,000 miles of canals were in use across Britain by 1815. In the early 1800s, Richard Trevithick debuted a steam-powered locomotive, and in 1830 similar locomotives started transporting freight (and passengers) be...
In 1776, Scottish social philosopher Adam Smith, who is regarded as the founder of modern economics, published The Wealth of Nations. In it, Smith promoted an economic system based on free enterprise, the private ownership of means of production, and lack of government interference. Banks and industrial financiers soon rose to new prominence during...
WATCH VIDEO: Yohuru Williams on the Labor Movement Though many people in Britain had begun moving to the cities from rural areas before the Industrial Revolution, this process accelerated dramatically with industrialization, as the rise of large factories turned smaller towns into major cities over the span of decades. This rapid urbanization broug...
The beginning of industrialization in the United States is usually pegged to the opening of a textile mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, in 1793 by the recent English immigrant Samuel Slater. Slater had worked at one of the mills opened by Richard Arkwright (inventor of the water frame) mills, and despite laws prohibiting the emigration of textile wo...
Historians continue to debate many aspects of industrialization, including its exact timeline, why it began in Britain as opposed to other parts of the world and the idea that it was actually more of a gradual evolution than a revolution. The positives and negatives of the Industrial Revolution are complex. On one hand, unsafe working conditions we...
Robert C. Allen, The Industrial Revolution: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007 Claire Hopley, “A History of the British Cotton Industry.” British Heritage Travel, July 29, 2006 William Rosen, The Most Powerful Idea in the World: A Story of Steam, Industry, and Invention. New York: Random House, 2010 Gavin Weightman, Th...
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- 1900 – 1910 Inventions
- 1911 – 1920 Inventions
- 1921 – 1930 Inventions
- 1931 – 1940 Inventions
- 1941 – 1950 Inventions
- 1951 -1960 Inventions
- 1961 – 1970 Inventions
- 1971 – 1980 Inventions
- 1981 – 1990 Inventions
1901 : Vacuum cleaner 1902 : Air conditioning; automated tea maker 1903 : Electrocardiogram; first powered flight 1904 : Radar; tea bags; diodes 1905 : Plastic; windscreen wipers; silencer for guns 1906 : Radio broadcasting 1907 : Electric washing machine 1908 : Coffee filter; water coolers; paper cups; assembly line production; the model T – first...
1911 : Stenotype machines 1913 : Ecstasy; Brillo pads; crossword puzzles; bras; zips 1916 : Sonar 1920 : Hair dryers; kiss-proof lipstick; submachine guns
1921 : Robots; insulin 1922 : Aga cooker 1923 : Hearing aids 1924 : Frozen food 1925 : Geiger counter; television 1926 : Liquid fuel rocket; pop-up toaster; aerosol sprays 1927 : ‘Talkies’ at the movies 1928 : Iron lung; penicillin 1929 : Artificial life 1930 : Jet engine; mechanical toothbrushes; Scotch tape
1931 : Electric razor 1932 : Radio telescope; parking meter; folding wheelchair 1933 : Electron microscope; angle-poise lamp 1934 : Cats eyes 1935 : Electric guitar 1936 : Sun tan lotion; electric blanket 1938 : Ballpoint pen; photocopying 1939 : Helicopters; cloud seeding to trigger rain
1942 : First nuclear reactorbuilt; napalm 1943 : Aqualung 1944 : Kidney dialysis machine 1945: Nuclear Bomb 1946 : Microwave ovens; automation; bikini; tupperware; tupperware Parties 1947 : Transistors; holograms; artificial intelligence; disposable nappy; mobile phones 1948 : Frisbees; velcro; general purpose computers; contact lenses 1950 : credi...
1951 : Contraceptive pill; tetrapak cartons of milk 1952 : Wide-screen cinema 1953 : Transistor radio 1954 : Solar cell; synthesiser 1955 : Hovercraft; atomic clock; polio vaccine; structurally modified antibiotics 1956 : Video tape recorder 1957 : Satellite; endoscope 1958 : Video games; microchip; modems 1959 : Car seat belts 1960 : Cardiac pacem...
1961 : Man in Space; Valium 1963 : Lava lamp 1964 : Computer mouse; miniskirt 1965 : Optical disc; bay buggy; HTML 1966 : Kevlar; fibre optics; pocket television 1967 : Portable calculator 1968 : Biometrics; Workmate; artificial heart 1969 : Internet; cash dispenser 1970 : LED and LCD’s
1971 : Floppy disc 1972 :Prozac; disposable lighter 1973 : Genetic engineering; barcodes; post-it-note; car airbags; cellular phones 1975 : Personal computer; laser printer 1976 : Apple 1 1977 : In vitro fertilisation; MRI scanner; inkjet printer 1979 : First personal stereo 1980 : Abortion pill; Hepatitis B vaccine
1981 : Scanning tunneling microscope; Space shuttle 1984 : Macintosh computer 1986 : High temperature superconductor 1987 : Disposable contact lenses 1989 : World Wide Web; Macintosh Portable 1990: Hubble Telescope