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Aug 8, 2014 · In 1900, flu pandemics had the potential to take the lives of millions. The 1918 flu pandemic, for example, killed 50 million people around the world. But even without a pandemic, the flu and...
In 1900, 30.4% of all deaths occurred among children aged less than 5 years; in 1997, that percentage was only 1.4%. In 1900, the three leading causes of death were pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), and diarrhea and enteritis, which (together with diphtheria) caused one third of all deaths ( Figure 2 ).
By categorizing the ways illness develop and analyzing the many new diseases that have appeared over the past two centuries, medical historians found that new environmental conditions and ecological changes, human factors like population growth, changing social mores and sexual behavior, migration, war, intravenous drug use and even the consequence...
Developing diagnostic technologies and criteria can reveal previously unrecognized conditions such as hypertension and expand the scope and understanding of a disease such as depression. HIVAIDS emerged as the result of conscious advocacy by interested parties, in addition to many of these modes of emergence.
In battling emerging disease, the medical community hopes to use these factors and processes along with an integrated policy under which health care and health programs can address the complexities and ever-changing burden of disease.
- Ross Toro
Diseases and epidemics of the 19th century included long-standing epidemic threats such as smallpox, typhus, yellow fever, and scarlet fever. In addition, cholera emerged as an epidemic threat and spread worldwide in six pandemics in the nineteenth century.
Leading Causes of Death, 1900-1998 The tables on the following pages represent the leading causes of death in the death registration area for the period 1900-1932 and the United States for the period 1933-1998. Since the tables were produced at different times and for different publications, the formatting and even the