- T he Angolan Civil War followed a long war for Angolan independence from Portugal, 1961-74. Although the civil war would continue until 2002, the primary victory happened as early as 1976.
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They signed on 15 January what became known as the Alvor Agreement, granting Angola independence on 11 November and establishing a transitional government. The agreement ended the war for independence while marking the transition to civil war.
- 4 February 1961 – 25 April 1974 (cease fire), (13 years, 2 months and 3 weeks), 11 November 1975 (independence)
- Portuguese military victory, MPLA, FNLA, and UNITA political victory, Ceasefire after the Carnation Revolution, Alvor Agreement and Angolan independence in 1975, Start of the Angolan Civil War
- Portuguese Colonization of Angola
- Civil Disobedience in Angola
- Angolan War and The Declaration of Independence
The first Portuguese explorers reached Angola in the second half of the 15thcentury. They established settlements in Soyo in the northern part of the country. In 1575, Paulo Dias de Novais founded what is today Luanda and settled with soldiers and their families. The Portuguese began settling in other parts of the country especially along the Atlan...
In June 1933 the Portuguese government ratified the Portuguese Colonial Act that declared the Portuguese supreme over the native inhabitants of Angola. Even if the locals pursued academic to the Portuguese level, they were to be considered inferior. In 1948 Angolan activists sent a letter to the United Nations seeking protectorate status. The gover...
In 1961, native Angolans began an uprising against the colonialist philosophy of forced cotton cultivation. The war came to an end when a military coup in Portugal ousted the then-government and stalled all military activities in Africa. The new government immediately began plans to grant Angolan independence. Although the war stopped immediately, ...
Apr 25, 2019 · The Portuguese army and Angolan factions finally came to a head in 1960. On January 3, 1960, Angolan workers boycotted the Cotonang’s cotton plantations. The Angolan workers wanted an end to forced...
But the Portuguese army was tired of war and refused to impose peace and supervise elections. The Portuguese therefore withdrew from Angola in November 1975 without formally handing power to any movement, and nearly all the European settlers fled the country.
Angola becomes independent after 14 years of armed resistance to Portuguese colonial rule. The three major movements fighting the war, the Movimiento Popular de Liberación de Angola, (MPLA), the Front for the National Liberation of Angola (FLNA) and National Union for Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) signed the Alvor agreement in January 1975. Due to political differences amongst the parties that signed the agreement civil war broke out.