Karl Böhm, (born Aug. 28, 1894, Graz, Austria—died Aug. 14, 1981, Salzburg), Austrian conductor who earned an international reputation for his concert performances and recordings of Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner, W.A. Mozart, and other composers. Böhm studied law but also studied music in Vienna with Eusebius Mandyczewski and Guido Adler.
In 1927 he was appointed as chief musical director in Darmstadt. In 1931 he was appointed to the same post at the Hamburg State Opera, a position he held until 1934.  Vienna, Dresden, Salzburg [ edit] In 1933, Böhm conducted in Vienna for the first time, in Tristan und Isolde by Wagner.
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In 1927, Bohm accepted an appointment as music director at Darmstadt, where he gained further experience conducting modern operatic works, including Berg's Wozzeck. Fate played a hand in 1930 when Bohm conducted Beethoven's Fidelio in Darmstadt as part of a celebration of the 150th anniversary of Beethoven's birth.
- His Reputation
Böhm was born in Graz, Austria. He wanted to be a musician, but his father said that he should study law first, because musicians did not make much money, and if he was not successful as a musician he could then always have a job in law. So he studied law at the university of Graz, and got a doctorate on this subject. He also studied music privatel...
Böhm was praised for his clear, energetic conducting. He did not have exaggerated mannerisms but got his orchestras to play with a warm, romantic sound which was never sentimental. Besides his favourite Mozart, Wagner and Richard Strauss he conducted many works by Haydn, Beethoven, Schubert, Bruckner, Brahms and Berg. He was given many honours, inc...
New Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie, 1980; Template-specific style sheet:ISBN 1-56159-174-2
Böhm began to move steadily up the ladder through provincial opera houses and in 1927 he went on to become music director at the Staatstheater Darmstadt and then, in 1931, was appointed music director at Hamburgische Staatsoper serving until 1934 when he left for the prestigious post at Dresden.
Reviews. KARL BÖHM, born in Graz in 1894, began by studying law, like his father before him. While still a student he obtained his first conducting engagement in Graz in 1917. In 1921, with the support of Bruno Walter, he moved to Munich; in 1927 he was appointed general music director in Darmstadt, and in 1931 he moved to the corresponding ...