Christchurch (/ ˈ k r aɪ s (t) tʃ ɜːr tʃ /) is a town and civil parish on the south coast of Dorset, England. The parish had a population of 31,372 in 2021.  It adjoins Bournemouth to the west, with the New Forest to the east.
- 19.5 sq mi (50.4 km²)
- 31,372 (2,021 Census)
- South West England
- Saxon Christchurch
- Christchurch in The Middle Ages
- Christchurch in The 16th Century and The 17th Century
- Christchurch in The 18th Century
- Christchurch in The 19th Century
- Christchurch in The 20th Century
Christchurch began as a Saxon village. Its original name was Tweoxneam, which means between 2 rivers. The Saxon settlement stood on a triangular piece of land between the rivers. Early in the 10th century, Christchurch was made a burgh or fortified settlement. (Alfred the Great created a network of fortified towns across his kingdom called burghs)....
At the time of the Domesday book, Christchurch probably had a population of around 170, which made it a fairly large village for that time. Christchurch had one watermill, which ground grain to flour for the inhabitants. About 1094 the Normans built a priory (a small abbey) at Christchurch. There was also a leper hostel in the Middle Ages, dedicate...
In the early 16th century, a writer said that Christchurch was ‘situated in a desolate place in a very barren country, out and far from all highways, in an angle or a corner (between 2 rivers), having no woods or commodious country about it, no good town near but only the said poor town of Christchurch which is a very poor town and slenderly inhabi...
In this century there were still many fishermen in Christchurch. Other industries in the town were knitting silk stockings, glove making, and making fusee chains (a type of very small chain that formed part of the mechanism of a watch). Another important industry in Christchurch was brewing. Perhaps the most profitable industry in those days was sm...
In 1801, at the time of the first census, the population of Christchurch was 1,410. Even by the standards of the time, it was a very small market town. It was also poor. In 1832 a writer said ‘the town presents no symptoms of activity or industry. The houses are of a middling description. The appearance of the inhabitants, who are thinly scattered,...
In 1901 the population of Christchurch stood at 4,204. So it was still very small. In 1902 the council began laying sewers in the town. In 1903 an electricity generating station opened but it was many years before electric light completely replaced gaslight. Trams ran in Christchurch from 1905 to 1936. They were replaced by trolleybuses. These ran ...
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Christchurch, town and borough (district), administrative county of Dorset, historic county of Hampshire, England. It lies at the confluence of the Rivers Stour and Avon (East, or Hampshire, Avon) and adjoins the English Channel resort of Bournemouth. The site was significant during prehistoric times; Late Bronze–Early Iron Age trade with the European continent apparently focused on nearby ...
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Christchurch sits between two rivers – the Avon and the Stour – and research indicates it began as an early Saxon settlement. It was originally known as Tweoxneam (Twynham) from Old English meaning between two rivers. The town has two entries in the Domesday Book. The name we know the town by today came into use after a church was built ...
The first half of the 19th century saw the introduction of the first state schools in Christchurch. The earliest school in the town was founded around c.1140 but this disappeared with the dissolution of the monasteries. Later a free school was established in St. Michael's Loft in the Priory.
Apr 12, 2023 · He came back in 1839 and landed a herd of 50 cattle near Akaroa. The first attempt at settling on the plains was made by James Herriot of Sydney. He arrived with two small groups of farmers in April 1840. Their first crop was successful, but a plague of rats made them decide to leave.