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  1. Jan 24, 2023 · Christchurch became a City by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856 by virtue of having become an English See under letters patent. This was because it was the ‘seat’, or base, for a bishop. The Reverend Henry John Chitty Harper was consecrated, or made a bishop, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and arrived with his family in Lyttelton on 23 December 1856.

    • Sealers and Whalers
    • First Settlers
    • Canterbury Pilgrims
    • Establishing Christchurch
    • Naming Christchurch
    • Christchurch and Canterbury Governance
    • The City Grows

    It was not until late 1809 that the first European entered Lyttelton Harbour in the sealer "Pegasus". Captain Chase gave the name of his vessel to Pegasus Bay. About 1815 the first European landed in Canterbury from another sealing ship, the "Governor Bligh". By 1835 the first whaling ships were operating out of Lyttelton and two years later the fi...

    The "Sarah and Elizabeth" on 12 April 1840 landed Messrs Herriott, McGillivray, Ellis, Shaw (and his wife) and McKinnon (with his wife and children) - the first European settlers on the plain. By early 1841 this party had abandoned its attempt to establish a farm near what is now Hagley Park.

    In 1850 the 800 or so settlers, already known as the Canterbury Pilgrims, arrived at Lyttelton as the pioneers of organised European settlement in Canterbury. They came in four ships: the Charlotte Jane and the Randolph on 16 December 1850 Sir George Seymour the following day, and the Cressy on 27 December. The settlement had been planned well befo...

    The first proposal was to establish the capital, Christchurch, at the head of the harbour beyond Governor's Bay while Port Lyttelton was to be further up the harbour near the Māori settlement of Rapaki. The cost of reclaiming the harbour shallows became apparent; this and the advantage of having the capital within easy reach of the farmlands and th...

    The Deans brothers had already named the River Avon after the Lanarkshire stream which rose in the Ayrshire hills near their grandfather's farm. The proposal to place a subordinate town on the Avon and call it Stratford arose from an association with a quite different Avon - that in Warwickshire, known to Shakespeare. By coincidence, Christchurch, ...

    The first meeting of the Christchurch Municipal Council was held on 3 March 1862. In November of that year it became the Christchurch City Council by virtue of the Christchurch City Council Ordinance, but between June and October 1868, was known as the Christchurch Borough Council in compliance with the Municipal Corporations Act passed by Parliame...

    The original Municipal District had as its boundaries (to describe them by the present names) - on the north, Bealey Avenue; on the south, Moorhouse Avenue; on the east, Fitzgerald Avenue; and on the west Antigua Street, Rolleston Avenue and Park Terrace. The population at the time was 3,205. The land between Antigua Street and Hagley Avenue, north...

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  3. The History of Christchurch. Christchurch sits between two rivers – the Avon and the Stour – and research indicates it began as an early Saxon settlement. It was originally known as Tweoxneam (Twynham) from Old English meaning between two rivers. The town has two entries in the Domesday Book. The name we know the town by today came into use ...

  4. During this period there were three main flows of British and Irish migrants. The largest number came as assisted immigrants to the five New Zealand Company Settlements — in 1840–2 they migrated to Wellington, Nelson and New Plymouth, and then from 1848–52 there was a renewed assisted migration first to Otago and then to Canterbury.

  5. The Normans were succeeded by the Aragonese in 1282, and in 1720 Sicily came under Austrian rule. This mixed ethnic heritage explains the smattering of light-eyed, blond Sicilians in a predominantly dark-eyed, dark-haired people. Milan. Except for the Saracen domination, the Kingdom of Naples, which formed the lower part of the peninsula, had a ...

  6. www.myguidechristchurch.com › usefulinfoChristchurch History

    Oct 1, 2016 · Its first inhabitants, though were probably hunters of the 13th century. In the 16th century, the Waitaha tribe of the North Island moved in, and 'possession' of the area passed between several warring factions before the arrival of British whalers, two hundred years later.

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