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Jan 24, 2023 · Christchurch became a City by Royal Charter on 31 July 1856 by virtue of having become an English See under letters patent. This was because it was the ‘seat’, or base, for a bishop. The Reverend Henry John Chitty Harper was consecrated, or made a bishop, by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and arrived with his family in Lyttelton on 23 December 1856.
Dec 19, 2022 · Christchurch was founded by the Canterbury Association, which was formed in 1848 largely through the efforts of John Robert Godley and planned to establish a model Church of England settlement. The original immigrants arrived on five ships in 1850–51.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Cook successfully circumnavigated and mapped the country, and led two more expeditions to New Zealand before being killed in Hawaii in 1779. Early European settlers. Prior to 1840, it was mainly whalers, sealers, and missionaries who came to New Zealand. These settlers had considerable contact with Māori, especially in coastal areas.
From 1840 until the 1970s, Britain was the main source for immigrants. There were historical and political grounds for this – New Zealand was first a British colony and later a Dominion – but also cultural and economic reasons. But who were the ancestors of Pākehā New Zealanders? Where did they come from and what sort of people were they?
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During this period there were three main flows of British and Irish migrants. The largest number came as assisted immigrants to the five New Zealand Company Settlements — in 1840–2 they migrated to Wellington, Nelson and New Plymouth, and then from 1848–52 there was a renewed assisted migration first to Otago and then to Canterbury.