- The ship was commissioned into the RAN as HMAS Sydney on 16 December 1948. Sydney ' s maiden voyage saw the delivery of the first two squadrons operated by the Fleet Air Arm: 805 Squadron with Hawker Sea Furies, and 816 Squadron with Fairey Fireflies. The two squadrons operated as the 20th Carrier Air Group (CAG).
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October 1951 – Aircraft carrier HMAS Sydney arrives in Korean waters where she will launch over 2,700 sorties over Korea, losing 9 aircraft with 3 pilots killed. October 1951 – First Battle of Maryang-san involving 3RAR is fought, resulting in UN victory.
The ship was commissioned into the RAN as HMAS Sydney on 16 December 1948. S Sydney' s maiden voyage saw the delivery of the first two squadrons operated by the Fleet Air Arm: 805 Squadron with Hawker Sea Furies, and 816 Squadron with Fairey Fireflies. T The two squadrons operated as the 20th Carrier Air Group (CAG). S
HMAS Vengeance was a Colossus-class aircraft carrier which was operated by the Royal Australian Navy between 1952 and 1955. Vengeance was built for the Royal Navy and was commissioned in January 1945. She was commissioned into the RAN in November 1952 to serve as the Navy's second carrier while HMAS Melbourne was completed.
- Acquisition and Construction
- Operational History
- Decommissioning and Fate
- Further Reading
Australia was one of seven warships built to the Kent design of County-class heavy cruiser, which were based on design work by Eustace Tennyson-D'Eyncourt.She was designed with a standard displacement of 10,000 tons, a length between perpendiculars of 590 feet (180 m), a length overall of 630 feet 4 inches (192.13 m), a beam of 68 feet 3 inches (20.80 m), and a maximum draught of 21 feet 4 inches (6.50 m). The propulsion machinery consisted of eight Yarrow superheated boilers feeding Curtis high-pressure and Parsons low-pressure geared turbines. This delivered up to 80,000 shaft horsepower to the cruiser's four three-bladed propellers.The cruiser's top speed was 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), with a range of 2,270 nautical miles (4,200 km; 2,610 mi), while her economical range and cruising speed was 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph). The ship's company consisted of 64 officers and 678 sailors in 1930; this dropped to 45 officers and 654 sailors...
Australia was ordered in 1924 as part of a five-year plan to develop the RAN. She was laid down by John Brown and Company at their shipyard in Clydebank, Scotland on 26 August 1925. The cruiser was launched on 17 March 1927 by Dame Mary Cook, wife of the Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom and former Australian Prime Minister, Sir Joseph Cook. The cruiser was initially fitted with short exhaust funnels, but during sea trials of Australia and other Kent class ships, it was found that smoke from the boilers was affecting the bridge and aft control position. The funnel design was subsequently lengthened by 15 feet (4.6 m); the taller funnels on the under-construction HMAS Canberra were later switched over to Australiaas she neared completion. When the ship's badge came up for consideration on 26 December 1926, both Richard Lane-Poole, commander of the Australian Squadron, and William Napier, First Naval Member of the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board disapproved of the...
Australia left Portsmouth for her namesake country on 3 August 1928 after completing sea trials. During the voyage, the cruiser visited Canada, the United States of America, several Pacific islands, and New Zealand before she reached Sydney on 23 October. Following the start of the Great Depression, the RAN fleet was downscaled in 1930 to three active ships (Australia, sister ship Canberra, and seaplane carrier Albatross) while one of the S class destroyers would remain active at a time, with...
The cruiser returned to Sydney on 16 February 1946, and she was placed into reserve for the rest of the year, during which the final components of the refit were completed. On 16 June 1947, Australia was recommissioned and designated flagship of the Australia Squadron. On 18 August, the cruiser sailed to Tokyo to serve with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force. She remained in the region until the end of the year, and returned to Australia on 10 December. With the exceptions of visits to...
On 31 August 1954, Australia was paid off and marked for disposal. She had been in service for 26 years, the longest career of a RAN warship to that date. The ship was sold on 25 January 1955 to the British Iron & Steel Corporation (Salvage) for scrapping. On 26 March, the cruiser was towed from Sydney Harbour by the Dutch-flagged tugboat Rode Zee. The ships were later joined by two other tugs for the voyage to Barrow-in-Furness via the Suez Canal, where they arrived on 5 July. Australiawas broken up at Thomas Ward Shipbreaking Yard at Barrow-in-Furness over the course of 1956. One of the cruiser's 8-inch gun barrels is on display outside the Australian War Memorial. A memorial to the ship's company, particularly those killed during World War II, was unveiled at Henley Beach, South Australiaon 1 May.
^(I) The ship's badge depicted here was designed for future ships named HMAS Australia. The badge carried by the heavy cruiser during her career consisted only of the rope circle and its contents.
Payne, Alan (1975). H.M.A.S. Australia: The story of the 8 inch Cruiser 1928–1955. Garden Island, NSW: Naval Historical Society of Australia. ISBN 0-9599772-5-2. OCLC 2491829.
HMAS Sydney (V) makes her first port visit since being commissioned, to the city of Newcastle, Australia. While many across Australia enjoyed celebrating the Queen’s Birthday long weekend, the nation’s newest Guided Missile Destroyer, HMAS Sydney (V), sailed north from its home port to conduct the ship’s first port visit to the City of ...
HMAS Sydney. From June 1966, HMAS SYDNEY was supported in this role by the Australian National Line coastal cargo ship MV JEPARIT, commissioned into the RAN in 1969, and by another ANL vessel, MV BOONAROO, being the first ship commissioned under the new RAN White Ensign in March 1967 for her second voyage to Vietnam.
HMAS Australia was a County-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy. One of two Kent-subclass ships ordered for the RAN in 1924, Australia was laid down in Scotland in 1925, and entered service in 1928. Apart from an exchange deployment to the Mediterranean from 1934 to 1936, during which she became involved in the planned British response to the Abyssinia Crisis, Australia operated in local and South-West Pacific waters until World War II began. The cruiser remained near Australia unti
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