Who discovered streptomycin?
- Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work! Streptomycin, antibiotic synthesized by the soil organism Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin was discovered by American biochemists Selman Waksman, Albert Schatz, and Elizabeth Bugie in 1943.
The theories of Ehrlich and Fleming informed the work of Selman Waksman, whose research on soil microbiology ultimately lead to the discovery of streptomycin, an antibiotic to treat tuberculosis. Waksman (nee Zolman Abraham Waksman) was born to Jewish parents in Priluka (Ukraine) in 1888 and studied biology in Odessa before coming to the United States in 1910.
Streptomycin was first isolated on October 19, 1943, by Albert Schatz, a PhD student in the laboratory of Selman Abraham Waksman at Rutgers University in a research project funded by Merck and Co. Waksman and his laboratory staff discovered several antibiotics, including actinomycin, clavacin, streptothricin, streptomycin, grisein, neomycin, fradicin, candicidin, and candidin. Of these, streptomycin and neomycin found extensive application in the treatment of numerous infectious diseases.
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Oct 20, 2014 · Streptomycin was one of the first aminoglycoside drugs to be discovered. In 1943, A. I. Schatz, a graduate student in the Rutgers University lab of antibiotic pioneer S. A. Waksman, isolated it from the soil actinobacterium Streptomyces griseus. Its main claims to fame are its ability to control tuberculosis ( Mycobacterium tuberculosis) and plague ( Yersinia pestis ).
streptomycin, antibiotic synthesized by the soil organism Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin was discovered by American biochemists Selman Waksman, Albert Schatz, and Elizabeth Bugie in 1943. The drug acts by interfering with the ability of a microorganism to synthesize certain vital proteins. It was the first antimicrobial agent developed after penicillin and the first antibiotic effective in treating tuberculosis.
The antibiotic streptomycin was discovered soon after penicillin was introduced into medicine. Selman Waksman, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery, has since generally been credited as streptomycin's sole discoverer. However, one of Waksman's graduate students, Albert Schatz, was legally recognized as streptomycin's co-discoverer ...
Jul 21, 2012 · His royalty payment, for 1948 alone, was US$124 000. Schatz only discovered about the deal in 1949, and sued Waksman for his share. Waksman eventually made an out-of-court settlement. In the meantime, Waksman successfully attempted to diminish the contributions that Schatz, and others, had made in discovering streptomycin.