- An analysis of the data revealed that the earliest dogs in North America arrived here already domesticated more than 10,000 years ago. The researchers think they probably came alongside humans who crossed a land bridge between Alaska and Siberia.
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Mar 01, 2019 · In Europe, the Middle East, and North America, walls, tombs, and scrolls bore depictions of dogs hunting game. Dogs were buried with their masters as early as 14,000 years ago, and statues of the canines stood guard at crypts. The Chinese have always placed great importance on dogs, the first animals they domesticated.
Dogs were the only domestic animals present in the majority of Native American groups, the only animal allied with humans. What we know about dogs in Native American societies is limited. But we do know that the dogs brought by the Spanish were much different in character and breeding from those already present.
- Two Domestications?
- Archaeological Evidence
- Origin of Modern Breeds
Research published in 2016 suggests that dogs originated from two places: Western Eurasia and Eastern Eurasia. The analysis also indicates that the Asian dogs originated from the Asian wolves around twelve thousand years ago while the European Paleolithic dogs were domesticated independently from European wolves 15,000 years ago. At some point, probably 6,000 years ago, the Asian dogs accompanied humans to Europe and displaced the European dogs. This analogy explains why earlier forensic studies indicated that dogs descended from a single domestication event. The research further states that the European Paleolithic dogs and the ancient American dogs descended from a similar wolf population but were rendered extinct by the arrival of the Asian species. However, some scholars have found evidence to support the migration of early dogs across Europe and Asia, but there is not substantial evidence to suggest that the European species became extinct.
Bonn-Oberkassel archaeological site in Germany provided the earliest remains of the domesticated dog in Europe. The remains, which also include human remains, dated fourteen thousand years ago. The Predmosti archaeological site in the Czech Republic, Chauvet caves in France, and the Goyet Caves in Belgium hold evidence for the interaction of humans and dogs but not necessarily domestication. Skateholm Mesolithic sites in Sweden (3700-5250 BCE) show evidence of dog burial sites, proving that hunters and gatherers cherished the canines. The Danger Caves in Utah provide the earliest evidence of dog burial in North America dating 11,000 years ago.
Researchers agree that most of the modern breeds of dogs are a result of recent developments. However, the variation in dog breeds is evidence of ancient varied domestication processes. Dogs can be as small as "teacup poodles" or as large as the giant mastiffs. In addition, they also differ in limb, skull, and body proportion. Years of coexistence with humans has developed specialized skills in particular dogs such as herding, scent detection, guiding, and retrieving. Dog breeds began to be developed five centuries ago from a genetic mixture obtained from disparate locations. During the First and Second World Wars, some breeds of dogs were nearing extinction, but they have since been re-established by breeding a handful the surviving individuals or by genetically combining similar strains.
Jan 27, 2015 · Based on the changes in the mitochondrial DNA that served as their time clock, it appears that dogs arrived in North America around 10,000 years ago, which would be several thousand years after ...
Dogs had long been bred in Europe for hunting and sport and were brought along with the Spanish, French, and British colonists during the colonization of the Americas in the 16th-19th centuries. European dogs mixed with American dogs and were further domesticated and bred for specialized purposes. Becoming Pets