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www .stjohns .ca. St. John's is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on the eastern tip of the Avalon Peninsula on the island of Newfoundland . The city spans 446.04 km 2 (172.22 sq mi) and is the easternmost city in North America (excluding Greenland ).
- 0–192 m (0–630 ft)
- Nativity of John the Baptist
St. John's, the capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the most easterly city in North America, is located at the beginning of the Trans-Canada Highway. St. John’s International Airport (YYT) is just 3 hours’ flying time from Toronto, and 4½ from London, England. More on Getting to Newfoundland & Labrador.
- Economy and Labour Force
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Indigenous Peoples The now-extinct Beothuk were Indigenous peoples in Newfoundland. In the spring and summer, the Beothuk lived along the coast of Newfoundland where they fished, hunted sea mammals such as seals, and collected shellfish and birds’ eggs. During the autumn and winter, the Beothuk moved to the interior where they hunted caribou. There...
From the middle of the 18th century to the end of the Napoleonic Warsin 1815, the population of St. John’s grew from less than 1,000 permanent residents to over 10,000. As a result, in 1817, St. John’s received its first year-round governor, replacing the winter magistrate system established in the 1720s. In 1832, St. John’s was granted a colonial ...
St. John’s is one of the oldest and most easterly cities in North America. Before Confederationthe streets were narrow and winding, which reflected the city's system of land tenure. British absentee landlords owned much of the land in the main commercial-residential area and with the government financially unable to acquire that land following the ...
St. John’s experienced slow growth until the Napoleonic Wars, when substantial Irish Roman Catholic immigration increased the population from 3,742 residents in 1796, to 10,018 in 1815. After 1832, natural increase and the migration of outport residents to the capital combined to produce steady growth and a compact, ethnically homogeneous community...
After Newfoundland and Labrador joined Confederation in 1949, the entry of cheaper Canadian manufactured goods into the province caused the city's industries to collapse and thereby reduced the volume of commercial activity at the port. The completion of a paved highway across the island in 1965 enabled mainland distributors to bypass St. John's, a...
In response to the threat of German air raids during the Second World War, the Canadian government approved plans for an airbase near St. John’s in 1939, and construction began in the community of Torbay in 1940. The facility came under civilian operation in 1946, but maintained strong military ties throughout its operations. In 1898, the Reid cont...
The Telegram is the city’s only daily printed newspaper, which also offers its readers a daily online edition. In 2005, the National Post stopped distributing print versions of their newspapers to the province owing to rising shipping costs and low sales, and in 2013 the Globe and Mail followed suit. Between 2003 and 2008, The Independent served as...
The colonial government governed the city until 1888, when it received a limited form of self-rule with authority over the water supply, streets, sewers, parks and building regulations. The city was governed by different councils or commissions composed of government-appointed members and elected officials. In 1916, a fully elective form of municip...
Historic Sites and Museums Signal HillNational Historic Site, which contains Cabot Tower, was conceived in 1897 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Cabot’s arrival on the shores of Newfoundland and Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. Opened in 1900, the tower also served as the site for Guglielmo Marconi to receive the first transatlantic wireles...
Apr 5, 2023 · With an area of 370,514 sq. km, Newfoundland and Labrador is the 7 th largest and 9 th most populous Canadian Province. Located in Newfoundland Island, on the eastern edge of the Avalon Peninsula is St. John’s – the capital, largest, and the most populous city of Newfoundland and Labrador. It serves as North America’s easternmost city.