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  1. The Mozart family grand tour was a journey through western Europe, undertaken by Leopold Mozart, his wife Anna Maria, and their musically gifted children Maria Anna (Nannerl) and Wolfgang Amadeus from 1763 to 1766. At the start of the tour the children were aged eleven and seven respectively.

  2. Our free Mozart Walking Tour In Salzburg Austria covers the best Mozart sights, music locations, and top Mozart Concerts in Salzburg. During the do-it-yourself-guided Mozart tour in Salzburg you'll see the home he was born in, where he lived, and where Wolfgang performed in Salzburg.

    • Child Prodigies
    • Grand Tour
    • Evaluation
    • Aftermath
    • Sources

    The Mozart children were not alone as 18th-century music prodigies. Education writer Gary Spruce refers to hundreds of similar cases, and cites that of William Crotch of Norwich who in 1778, at the age of three, was giving organ recitals. British scholar Jane O'Connor explains the 18th century fascination with prodigies as "the realisation of the potential entertainment and fiscal value of an individual child who was in some way extraordinary". Other childhood contemporaries of Mozart included the violinist and composer Thomas Linley, born the same year as Wolfgang, and the organist prodigy Josef Siegmund Bachmann.Mozart eventually became recognised among prodigies as the future standard for early success and promise. Of seven children born to Leopold and Anna Maria Mozart, only the fourth, Maria Anna (Nannerl), born 31 July 1751, and the youngest, Wolfgang Amadeus, born 27 January 1756, survived infancy. The children were educated at home, under Leopold's guidance, learning basic s...

    Preparations

    In a letter to his friend and landlord Lorenz Hagenauer (1712–1792), written after the tour, Leopold quotes the German diplomat Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, who after hearing the children play had said: "Now for once in my life I have seen a miracle: this is the first". Leopold believed that it was his duty to proclaim this miracle to the world, otherwise he would be "the most ungrateful creature". He was said to have describe Wolfgang as “The miracle which God let be born in Salzburg...

    Early stages

    The journey's beginning, on 9 July 1763, was inauspicious; on the first day a carriage wheel broke, requiring a 24-hour pause while repairs were carried out. Leopold turned this delay to advantage by taking Wolfgang to the nearby church at Wasserburg, where according to Leopold the boy played on the organ pedalboard as if he had been studying it for months. In Munich, on successive evenings, the children played before Elector Maximilian III, earning from these engagements the equivalent of ha...

    Paris

    On 18 November 1763 the Mozart family arrived in Paris, one of the most important musical centres of Europe, and also a city of great power, wealth, and intellectual activity. Leopold hoped to be received by the court of Louis XV at nearby Versailles. However, a recent death in the royal family prevented any immediate invitation, so Leopold arranged other engagements. One person who took particular note of the children was the German diplomat Friedrich Melchior von Grimm, whose journal record...

    Financial

    The party had survived major setbacks, including several prolonged illnesses which had curtailed their earning powers. Although Leopold did not reveal the full extent of the tour's earnings, or its expenses, the material benefits from the tour had evidently been considerable—but so had the costs. The librarian of St Peter's Abbey, Salzburg, thought that the gifts ("gewgaws") alone which they brought back were worth about 12,000 florins, but estimated the total costs of the enterprise at 20,00...

    Musical

    In terms of musical development, while both children had advanced, Wolfgang's progress had been extraordinary, beyond all expectation. The Mozarts were now known throughout the musical establishments and royal courts of Northern Europe. As well as the encounters in palaces with kings, queens and nobility, the children could converse in several languages; the tour represented, for them, an outstanding education. However, these advantages had been gained at a price; Grimm, in Paris, noting the...

    Whatever the true extent of their financial rewards from the tour, the Mozart family continued to live in their cramped apartment on the Getreidegasse, while Leopold resumed his duties as a court musician. However, travel and public display dominated the next six years of Wolfgang's life. In September 1767 the family was on the move again, this time to Vienna, remaining there (apart from an enforced evacuation during a smallpox epidemic) until January 1769. In December of the same year Leopold and Wolfgang left for Italy—without Nannerl who, now 18, was no longer exhibitable as a child wonder. They were away for sixteen months, and returned to Milan in August 1771 for five months, to attend rehearsals and the performance of Wolfgang's opera Ascanio in Alba. A third and final visit to Italy, from October 1772 until March 1773, was the last of the extended trips; the new Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg, Hieronymous Colloredo, had distinct views about the roles of his court musicians, wh...

    Baker, Richard (1991). Mozart: An Illustrated Biography. London: Macdonald and Co. ISBN 0-356-19695-X.
    Glover, Jane (2005). Mozart's Women. London: Macmillan. ISBN 1-4050-2121-7.
    Chrissochoidis, Ilias. "London Mozartiana: Wolfgang's disputed age & early performances of Allegri's Miserere", The Musical Times, vol. 151, no. 1911 (Summer 2010), 83–89.
  3. Aug 21, 2016 · Howth Head is the place where Leopold Bloom suggests Molly in James Joyce’s Ulysses. In the short story Eveline, another work by James Joyce is from the collection “Dubliners”, it is mentioned that Eveline and her family once had a picnic on the hill of Howth.

  4. May 18, 2020 · Wachau Valley. Regarded as one of the most beautiful cultural landscapes of Europe, Wachau is definitely among the highlights of Austria. Stretching 35km long between Melk and Krems an der Donau, Wachau has an incredible amount to offer: nostalgic cultural monuments, delightful villages between Danube and vineyards, rewarding cultural events and exhibitions, as well as the finest wine tasting ...

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  5. Located in City Centre Salzburg, this luxury hotel is within a 15-minute walk of Mirabell Palace and Gardens, Moenchsberg Museum of Modern Art and Getreidegasse. ... 4.4 /5 Wonderful! (549 reviews)

  6. Mar 29, 2016 · At 1,750 acres, Phoenix Park is one of the largest walled parks in Europe. It is the signature green space to run in Dublin. There is a wonderful mix of fields, alees with tree-lined paths, and ...

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