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  1. Oct 24, 2017 · Over the past 50 years, Quebec has repeatedly presented the rest of the country with an ultimatum: “Give us more, or we’re leaving!” After two Quebec referendums (in 1980 and 1995) and a national referendum (1992), after countless constitutional conferences, reports and debates that dominated Canada’s political landscape for more than a generation, a vexing contradiction has emerged ...

    • Founding
    • First Election Victory
    • Referendum of 1980
    • Years in Official Opposition
    • The 1995 Referendum and The Bouchard Years
    • Internal Strife
    • Brief Return to Power
    • Social and Political Heritage

    The Parti Québécois (PQ) was founded on 13 October 1968 through the merger of the Mouvement souveraineté-association (MSA), led by René Lévesque, and the Ralliement national (RN), led by Gilles Grégoire, a former CréditisteMember of Parliament. The MSA was founded in November 1967, following a Quebec Liberal Party policy convention where René Léves...

    In the first two elections in which it participated, the PQ achieved very limited success. In 1970, it won 23.5 per cent of the popular vote, but only seven seats in the National Assembly. The first seven PQ members of the National Assembly and the ridings that they represented were as follows: Camille Laurin(Bourget), Guy Joron (Gouin), Marcel Lég...

    The referendum on sovereignty-association that the PQ had promised during the 1976 election campaign was held in May 1980 (see Quebec Referendum (1980)). After a televised debate on the subject in the National Assembly, numerous public meetings were held. The opponents of Quebec’s negotiating sovereignty-association with the rest of Canada — the “N...

    Both in government and as Official Opposition from 1985 to 1994, the Parti Québécois took an ambiguous posture, attacking the federal system from which it hoped to separate, while also trying to take advantage of it as much as possible. The party’s position during the Fall 1981 federal-provincial constitutional negotiations on the patriation of the...

    On 12 June 1995, three political parties — Action démocratique du Québec (ADQ), the Parti Québécois, and the Bloc Québécois (a new sovereignist party on the federal scene, serving as the Official Opposition in the House of Commons) — signed an agreement by which they formed the “Yes” Committee and collaborated on formulating the question for a new ...

    In the wake of this political reversal, some PQ members questioned Bernard Landry’s leadership, and at the party convention in June 2005, he announced his intention to resign if he did not receive the support of at least 80 per cent of the delegates in the leadership vote to be held there. He received only 76.2 per cent of the votes, made good on h...

    On 4 September 2012, the Parti Québécois won the provincial election, defeating the Liberal government of Jean Charest, which had been in power for nine years. The PQ was called on to form a minority government, and Pauline Marois became the first female premier in the history of Quebec. During her first year in power, Marois enjoyed growing popula...

    In the course of its history, the Parti Québécois has been elected five times as Québec’s governing party, for a total of nearly 20 years in power: from November 1976 to December 1985, from September 1994 to April 2003, and from September 2012 to April 2014. Under its stewardship, Québec has acquired some important tools for promoting economic deve...

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    Was Quebec’s new nationalism inevitable?

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  3. Sep 23, 2005 · In the 1980s, he played a major role in mobilizing the PQ in favour of free trade between Canada and the United States, which he viewed as a way of freeing Quebec capital from its traditional ...

  4. Parti Quebecois Separatist party in Quebec founded by Rene Levesque in 1967. The party came to power in 1976, and failed in its attempt to have a sovereignty association referendum passed in 1980. Patriation of the Constitution The 1982 Canadian Constitution was passed by the federal government and nine of the ten provinces.

  5. Nov 17, 2020 · The anthropologist Rémi Savard, through his research and his attempts to develop solidarity between the Quebec and Indigenous peoples, thought the opposition of the Québécois to Indigenous claims was linked to the fact that they themselves were wronged by the Canadian constitutional regime.

  6. Sep 13, 2018 · Ironically, much earlier in Canada’s history, during the 1920s and 1930s, there was the opposition between “Tory Toronto” and the Prairie provinces, where there was the electoral insurgency of the Progressive Party.