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  1. Aug 11, 2019 · Existential-humanistic therapy came into being in the early 1960’s in the United States with the publication of Rollo May’s edited book Existence (1958).Existence (1958) arrived at a time when humanistic psychology, founded by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers was gaining popularity by challenging the more prevalent therapeutic approaches of behaviorism and psychoanalysis.

  2. Feb 01, 2021 · An Existential-Humanistic approach to psychotherapy can be a foundation for all therapists seeking to do deep and life-changing work with their clients. The E-H approach is based on core ways of being and working with clients that help facilitate greater awareness, greater sense of choice, increased agency and adaptiveness and a deeper ...

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    • Existential Psychotherapy
    • History of Existential Psychotherapy and Its Variants
    • Theory of Personality and Psychopathology
    • Theory of Psychotherapy
    • Empirical Support
    • Description of A Specific Approach to Treatment

    Mick Cooper Despite being one of the oldest and most widespread forms of therapeutic practice, existential psychotherapy is, perhaps, one of the least well understood. A number of reasons exist for this. First, being derived from philosophical, rather than psychological, roots, existential psychotherapeutic texts such as Binswanger’s (1963) Being-i...

    Beginnings of the Approach

    At its most basic, existential approaches to psychotherapy can be considered those forms of therapeutic practice that are informed, to a significant extent, by the teachings of the existential school of philosophy (sometimes referred to as existentialism or existentialist philosophy, though there are debates about the synonymy of these terms) (Cooper, 2003a). Historically, this philosophical movement can be seen as having two main phases: The first was in the middle to late nineteenth century...

    Populations and Places Where Existential Psychotherapy Developed

    Existential approaches to psychotherapy have tended to emerge at times, and in regions of the world, where there is a groundswell of interest in existential philosophy. Hence, many of the first existential psychotherapies emerged in continental Europe—particularly Germany and France—where philosophers such as Heidegger and Husserl were having a significant impact on the intellectual zeitgeist. With the emergence of Nazism in the 1930s, however, many leading European thinkers—including existen...

    Most Popular Currently Practiced Variations

    Currently, the British school of existential analysis is one of the most active forces in the existential therapeutic world, with regular conferences, training institutes, discussion groups, and a twice-yearly journal, Existential Analysis.The logotherapeutic movement continues to flourish today, with a range of training centers across continental Europe and America with regular newsletters, journals, and conferences. More widely, logotherapeutic practices have been incorporated into a range...

    Health and Pathology

    From an existential perspective, then, human existence is a freely choosing being-toward-the-future, but, in contrast to humanistic theorists (e.g., Rogers, 1961), existentialists have emphasized the anxiety and pain that such a way of being brings. This is for a number of reasons. First, as beings who are free to choose, there is always the possibility that we will make the wrong choices (Sartre, 1958). Hence, with freedom comes anxiety: Indeed, Kierkegaard (1980) suggests that the more huma...

    Development of Difficulties

    How do some people come to adopt a more inauthentic stance toward their being than others? This is a question that few existential theorists have attempted to address. As an approach that emphasizes human beings’ capacities to make choices toward their futures, there has been a wariness about asking whypeople behave in the way that they do. Indeed, the very question “Why?” invites the kind of causal hypothesizing that is the antithesis of an existential ontology. From an existential perspecti...

    Goals of Psychotherapy

    At the most global level, the goal of existential psychotherapy can be described as helping clients to live more satisfying and fulfilling lives through facilitating their ability to live authentically. As we have seen, however, what existentialists consider authentic is very much dependent on what they believe is the true nature of the human condition, such that the goals of therapy vary markedly from one existential psychotherapist to another. For an existential psychotherapist like van Deu...

    Assessment Procedures

    Given the emphasis in existential thinking on the uniqueness of each individual being, existential psychotherapists—even those from the harder end of the continuum—have tended to be wary about adopting any standardized assessment procedures, particularly those of a diagnostic kind. From an existential perspective, each client’s way of being is unique, as is his or her psychotherapeutic wants, such that it makes little sense to try and assess them according to some predefined diagnostic criter...

    Process of Therapy

    Just as existential psychotherapists tend to be wary about predefining clients’ psychological difficulties, so they tend to be wary about predefining the particular paths that clients should, or do, take through therapy. From an existential perspective, the priority is to be responsiveto the specific therapeutic processes of each client, rather than imposing on him or her—consciously or otherwise—a set of conventionally agreed expectations or norms (cf. Stiles, Honos-Webb, & Surko, 1998). Hen...

    Given its tendency toward anti-systematization, it should come as no surprise that there have been few attempts to validate empirically the effectiveness of existential therapeutic practice. Indeed, a review of the relevant research by Walsh and McElwain (2002) fails to cite a single study in which the existential approaches to therapy have been ad...

    Although, as discussed earlier, the world of contemporary existential psychotherapy can be divided into four principal branches, the reality is that there are as many existential psychotherapies as there are existential psychotherapists. For each practitioner in the field, different personal experiences, different politics and values, different phi...

  4. As you look for a therapist, there are some factors besides degrees, licensure, and theoretical orientation that you should also consider. For example, the gender of the therapist matters a great deal to some people. You should also ask whether a therapist has expertise in treating your particular issues.

  5. A therapist listens carefully to a client's words and then attempts to show accurate empathy and genuineness. The hope is that the client will engage in self-examination with acceptance and honesty. MOST likely, this therapist is a _____ therapist. A) behavior-focused B) cognitive-behavioral C) psychodynamic D) humanistic