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  1. Donald Triplett was the first person to be diagnosed with autism. He was born in 1933 to a family in Forest, Mississippi. His family was well known and well respected in their small community. Before his diagnosis of autism, Donald had been placed in an institution. This was typical for children diagnosed with a mental disorder at that time.

  2. Feb 23, 2014 · Here are the key events in autism history. 1908: The word autism is used to describe a subset of schizophrenic patients who were especially withdrawn and self-absorbed. 1943: American child ...

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    1926: Grunya Sukhareva, a child psychiatrist in Kiev, Russia, writes about six children with autistic traits in a scientific German psychiatry and neurology journal.2

    1938: Louise Despert, a psychologist in New York, details 29 cases of childhood schizophrenia, some who have symptoms that resemble today's classification of autism.3

    1943: Leo Kanner publishes a paper describing 11 patients who were focused on or obsessed with objects and had a “resistance to (unexpected) change.” He later named this condition “infantile autism.”4 1944: Austrian pediatrician Hans Asperger publishes an important scientific study of children with autism, a case study describing four childre...

    1952: In the first edition of the American Psychiatric Associations's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), children with symptoms of autism are labeled as having childhood schizophrenia.6 1956: Leon Eisenberg publishes his paper "The Autistic Child in Adolescence," which follows 63 autistic children for nine years and a...

    1964: Bernard Rimland publishes Infantile Autism: The Syndrome and Its Implications for a Neural Theory of Behavior, challenging the “refrigerator mother” theory and discussing the neurological factors in autism.8 1964: Ole Ivar Lovaas begins working on his theory of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) therapy for autistic children.9 1965: The ...

    1970s: Lorna Wing proposes the concept of autism spectrum disorders. She identifies the “triad of impairment,” which includes three areas: social interaction, communication, and imagination. 1975: The Education for All Handicapped Children Act is enacted to help protect the rights and meet the needs of children with disabilities, most of whom were ...

    1980: The third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) includes criteria for a diagnosis of infantile autism for the first time.13

    1990: Autism is included as a disability category in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making it easier for autistic children to get special education services.14 1996: Temple Grandin writes Emergence—Labeled Autistic, a firsthand account of her life with autism and how she became successful in her field. 1998: Andrew Wakefi...

    2003: The Global and Regional Asperger Syndrome Partnership(GRASP), an organization run by people with Asperger’s syndrome and autism spectrum disorders, is formed. 2003: Bernard Rimland and Stephen Edelson write the book Recovering Autistic Children. 2006: Ari Ne'eman establishes the Autistic Self Advocacy Network(ASAN). 2006: Dora Raymaker and Ch...

    2010: Andrew Wakefield loses his medical license and is barred from practicing medicine, following the retraction of his autism paper. 2013: The DSM-5 combines autism, Asperger’s, and childhood disintegrative disorder into autism spectrum disorder.17 2014: The president signs the Autism Collaboration, Accountability, Research, Education and Support...

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  4. Jan 02, 2017 · Psychologists (including neuropsychologists, who specialize in the relationship between the brain and human cognitive, behavioral and emotional functioning) are often involved in the diagnostic process. It is important that the expert making the diagnosis has extensive experience working with the wide range of symptoms associated with ASD.

  5. May 09, 2018 · When Leo Kanner, an Austrian-American psychiatrist and physician, first described autism in 1943, he wrote about children with “extreme autistic aloneness,” “delayed echolalia” and an “anxiously obsessive desire for the maintenance of sameness.” He also noted that the children were often intelligent and some had extraordinary memory.

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