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  1. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 44 children in the United States today.

  2. Mar 31, 2022 · Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. Some people with ASD have a known difference, such as a genetic condition. Other causes are not yet known. Scientists believe there are multiple causes of ASD that act together to change the most common ways people develop.

  3. Classification Spectrum model. Autism is a highly variable neurodevelopmental disorder and has long been thought to cover a wide spectrum, ranging from individuals with high support needs—who may be non-speaking, developmentally delayed, and more likely to present with other co-existing diagnoses including intellectual disability—to individuals with low support needs who may have more ...

  4. Mar 13, 2010 · Dr. Jean Ayres was the first person to coin the term Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), a condition that exists when sensory signals don’t get organized into appropriate responses. SPD Foundation research has found that 1 in every 20 children experiences symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder that are significant enough to affect their ...

  5. Dec 17, 2020 · Many practitioners regard it as a singular condition and there are even clinics that specifically treat it. At the same time, however, sensory processing disorder is not in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Instead, sensory challenges are listed as a possible symptom of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 

  6. Jul 25, 2022 · Get the latest health news, diet & fitness information, medical research, health care trends and health issues that affect you and your family on ABCNews.com

  7. Feb 14, 2022 · Some people may rock, flick, or pace repeatedly; others may talk about the same things over and over again. In severe autism, stereotypy behaviors can be violent, like head-banging. Some people on the autism spectrum engage in repetitive behaviors constantly while others only occasionally perseverate when they're stressed, anxious, or upset.

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