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  1. More recently, Ségolène Royal, a leader of the French Socialist Party, indicated support [citation needed] for "Quebec sovereignty" but it was seemingly a reflexive answer to an "out of the blue" question from a Quebec journalist in Paris. On a later visit to Quebec City she gave a more nuanced position, mentioning a Parliamentary motion recognizing the Québécois as a nation, but also describing 400 years of oppression and resistance of francophones in Canada.

  2. More recently, Segolene Royal, a leader of the French Socialist Party, indicated support for "Quebec sovereignty" but it was seemingly a reflexive answer to an "out of the blue" question from a Quebec journalist in Paris.

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    What kind of movement is the Quebec sovereignty movement?

    Who was the leader of the Quebec independence movement?

    Who was the leader of the Canadian sovereignty movement?

    What are the arguments against sovereignty in Canada?

  4. The History of the Quebec sovereignty movement covers various movements which sought to achieve political independence for Quebec, a province of Canada since 1867. Jean-François Lisée is a Quebec nationalist politician who served as the leader of the Parti Québécois from October 2016 until October 2018.

  5. More recently, Ségolène Royal, a leader of the French Socialist Party, indicated support [citation needed] for "Quebec sovereignty" but it was seemingly a reflexive answer to an "out of the blue" question from a Quebec journalist in Paris. On a later visit to Quebec City she gave a more nuanced position, mentioning a Parliamentary motion recognizing the Québécois as a nation, but also describing 400 years of oppression and resistance of francophones in Canada.

    • Sovereignty-Association
    • Present
    • Allies and Opponents
    • Ambivalence
    • Sovereigntist Organizations
    • Sympathizing Organizations
    • Sovereigntist Media
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Main article: Sovereignty-Association Movement The sovereigntist movement of Quebec is generally considered to have started in the 1960s with the Quiet Revolution. The use of the word "sovereignty" and many of the ideas of this movement originated in the 1967 Mouvement Souveraineté-Association of René Lévesque. This movement ultimately gave birth to the Parti Québécois in 1968. Sovereignty-Association (French: Souveraineté-Association) is the combination of two concepts: 1. The achievement of sovereigntyfor the Quebec state. 2. The creation of a political and economic associationbetween this new independent state and Canada. It was first presented in Lévesque's political manifesto, Option Québec. The Parti Québécois defines sovereignty as the power for a state to levy all its taxes, vote on all its laws and sign all its treaties (as mentioned in the 1980 referendum question). The type of association between an independent Quebec and the rest of Canada was described as a monetary and...

    The PQ won re-election in the 1998 election, which was almost a "clone" of the previous 1994 election in terms of number of seats won by each side. However, public support for sovereignty remained too low for the PQ to consider holding a second referendum during their second term. Meanwhile, the federal government passed the Clarity Actto govern the wording of any future referendum questions and the conditions under which a vote for sovreignty would be recognized as legitimate. Federal liberal politicians stated that the ambiguous wording of the 1995 referendum question was the primary impetus in the bill's drafting. In the 2003 election, the PQ lost power to the Parti libéral du Québec. However, in early 2004, the Liberal government of Jean Charest had proved to be unpopular, and that, combined with the federal Liberal Party sponsorship scandal contributed to a resurgence of the BQ. In the 2004 federal elections, the Bloc Québécois won 54 of Quebec's 75 seats in the House of Common...

    National

    There is a large semantic confusion, sometimes fostered by the Parti Quebecois itself, between the terms sovereignty, separatism, independentism. These terms are sometimes used interchangeably, but PQ supporters usually prefer the term "sovereignty", considered less radical and emotional than "independentism" (preferred by hard-liners), while "separatism" is usually considered pejorative. This ambiguity is further enhanced since the majority of Quebec's media, both written (with the notable e...

    International

    In France, although openness and support is found in both sides of the political spectrum, the French "right" has been warmer to sovereigntists (like President Charles De Gaulle, who shouted his support of independence to Montreal in 1967) than the French "left" (like nationalism-distrustful President François Mitterrand, who notoriously snubbed Lévesque at their first meeting in the 1970s). This is a paradoxical phenomenon, for the Parti Québécois and most sovereigntists are to the political...

    Quebec federalist nationalists think that the Quebec people should be recognized as a de facto nation by the federal government of Canada and initiate the constitutional reforms that presuppose such a recognition. Their position is often so close to that of some moderate Quebec sovereigntists that many have jumped the fence both ways (former Premier of Quebec Lucien Bouchard and Quebec lawyer Guy Bertrandare well-known examples of this). A great proportion of Quebec sovereigntist politicians were formerly in the reformist camp of the greater liberal family before joining the MSA or later the PQ.

  6. Quebec Election (April 7th 2014) The Liberals wins majority! The Liberals took 70 seats in the 125 seat National Assembly, the Parti Québécois 30, the Coalition Avenir Québec 22 and Québec Solidaire three. It was a clear message from Quebec Voters that economic stability was more important than lingering questions about the party's integrity.

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