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Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg is the current Grand Duke of Luxembourg. He was born on 16 April 1955. He was born on 16 April 1955. He was married on 14 February 1981 to Maria Teresa Mestre and became Grand Duke when his father, Jean, abdicated on 7 October 2000.
The country shortens its name to 'Kingdom of the Netherlands', although the king remains monarch of Luxembourg. In 1839 he also becomes duke of Limberg. At the same time, Luxembourg's long-standing governor, Jean Georges O V M Zacharie Willmar, is succeeded by a governor-general.
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg reigned as the duke from November 1964 to October 2000. He was the eldest son of Prince Félix and Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg. Initially educated in his country, he later attended the Ampleforth College in the U.K. and the Université Laval in Quebec City. He spent a significant time of his childhood ...
Tessy and Prince Louis, 34, wed in 2006 at the young age of 20 — Prince Louis is third son of the country's reigning monarch Grand Duke Henri. Tessy and Prince Louis on their wedding day. (Getty)
Luxembourg's neutrality was violated on 9 May 1940, while the Grand Duchess and her family were in residence at Colmar-Berg. That day she called an extraordinary meeting of her leading ministers, and they all decided to place themselves under the protection of France, described by the Grand Duchess as a difficult but necessary decision.
Tessy of Luxembourg wed Louis in 2006, and has two children Prince Gabriel of Nassau and Prince Noah of Nassau with the Prince, who is the third son of the country's reigning monarch Grand Duke...
– in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green) Capital and largest city Luxembourg City Official languages Luxembourgish French German [a] Nationality (2017) 50.9% Luxembourgers 18.2% Portuguese 13.5% French 10.3% Germans 7.1% Other Religion (2018) 73.2% Christianity —63.8% Roman Catholic —9.4% Other Christian 23.4% No religion 2.6% Islam 0.6% Other Demonym(s ...
Tessy is a former member of the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg as the ex-wife of Prince Louis of Luxembourg, who is the son of Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg. The couple got married in 2006 and has two sons. Tessy currently lives in London with her sons Gabriel and Noah, while Prince Louis lives in Paris.
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Founded in 963, Luxembourg,officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlockedcountry in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium,France, and Germany.The country lies on the linguistic divide between RomanceEurope and GermanicEurope, borrowing customs from each ofthe distinct traditions; hence Luxembourg is trilingual. Under the law of 1984concerning the use of languages, French is the legislative language, as well asan administrative and judicial language, together with Luxemburgish and German.A good percentage of the population also speaks English. According to November 2008 figures,Luxembourg has a population of 484,000 people (1/3 of which are foreigners) inan area of 2,586 square kilometers (999 square miles).The country is divided into 3 administrative districts (Luxembourg, Diekirchand Grevenmacher), 12 cantons and 116communes. It has a highly developedeconomy, with the second highest GrossDomestic Product per capitain the world (U.S. Central Intelligence Agency2007 es...
Luxembourg is a parliamentaryrepresentative democracy headed by a constitutional monarch. The Constitutionof 1868 (under general reform at the time of writing), organizes a flexibleseparation of powers between the executive and the parliament, with thejudiciary watching over proper execution of laws. An updated and case-lawannotated French version of the Luxembourg constitution is available on Legilux.
The executive power is formally exercisedby the Grand Duke, and in practice by theGovernment which he appoints on the basis of a proposal made in general by theleader of the party winning the parliamentary election. The Government consistsof the Prime Minister and several other ministers. Legislation voted in the Parliament(see below) only becomes law after formal enactment by the Grand Duke. TheGrand Duke has no veto power, but has the theoretic power to dissolve theChamber of Deputies and reinstate a new one. Such power has never been used inpractice. The country’s official website and the Government websitecontain some further information(in French) on Luxembourg and its legal system as well as on the activities ofthe executive.
Legislative power is vested in theParliament (Chambre des députés), a unicameralparliament of sixty members, directly elected to five-year terms from four constituencies (Centre,East, North and South). Proposed legislation and questions to the Governmentare available on the Parliament’s website. A second body, the State Council (Conseil d'État), composed of twenty-oneordinary citizens appointed by the Grand Duke on proposal by the Parliament,advises the Parliament and the Government in the drafting of legislation. Theopinions of the State Council are published on its website. The Parliament may delegate partof its legislative power to the Grand Duke (though in practice it is delegatedto the Government) in areas where it cannot deal with matters in detail. Insuch case, a law will set out a legislative framework while details ofimplementation and application are dealt with by grand-ducal Regulation (Règlement/Arrêté grand-ducal) orMinisterial Regulation(Règlement/Arrêté ministériel)....
Circular letters are explanatorynotices used by some administrative departments to clarify legislation. Theyhave no legislative value per se.They are notably used by the national regulator of the financial sector: the Commission de Surveillance duSecteur Financieras well as by other administrative departmentsincluding: ·the Central Bank of Luxembourg, ·administration in charge of VAT and registration and stamp duties, and ·administration in charge of income taxes
Luxembourg is a civil law country.The court system is a two-tier system organized in the form of a pyramid : onebranch, the civil and criminal jurisdiction includes three lower tribunals (justicesde paix;, in Esch-sur-Alzette, Diekirch,and the city of Luxembourg), two district tribunals (Diekirchand Luxembourg) and a Superior Court of Justice (Luxembourg), which includesthe Court of Appeal and the Court of Cassation. The other branch, theadministrative jurisdiction, includes an Administrative Tribunal and an AdministrativeCourt. There is also a Constitutional Court, all of which are located in thecapital (Luxembourg). Information on the administrative court system and caselaw are available on the website of the administrative jurisdictionas well as on the website of the Ministry of Justice.Case law regarding social security legislation is available on the site of the social security administration. The jury trial was abolished in1814; since then, all trials are conducted by qualifie...
Attorneys-at-law are trained underthe supervision of the ministry of justice by the newly founded (2003) University of Luxembourg, the first and the only university inthe country. Detailed information on how to become an attorney-at-law in Luxembourgis available on the above mentioned university’s website as well as on thewebsite of their professional organization called the Luxembourg and Diekirch Bar. Attorneys-at-law have exclusiveright of audience in courts and the monopoly of legal counsel in Luxembourg(except for criminal law where it is possible to defend oneself without anattorney, as well as for minor value civil proceedings). They are essentiallyself-employed and collaborate in firms of different sizes. Many internationallaw firms have branches in Luxembourg. Notaries and Bailiffsare professionals who work closely with judges andattorneys-at-law.
The number of case law is verylimited and there is still no systematic publication of case-law in Luxembourg.The major published case law reporter and digest is the Pasicrisie luxembourgeoise available on CD-ROM. Case law of theadministrative jurisdiction from 2002 are available online and case law of the constitutional court are availableon the Legilux website under MémorialA. With regard to the foreign originsof some legislation, Luxembourg courts on occasion cite French, Belgian orGerman case law in their decisions.
In addition to the sites mentionedabove, free access websites that provide legal information include: ·Standardization Products Security Institute ·Inspectorate of Labour andMines, who ensures proper enforcement of labor laws and regulations, ·Luxembourg National Library Online,which contains legal treaties, reviews and journals ·Luxembourg Chamber of commerce ·Luxembourg Tourist Office,which offers general information on the Luxembourg legal system Some law firms and accountingfirms do also offer legal information on Luxembourg and even some translationsinto English.
In addition to public free accesswebsites mentioned above are some fee-based legal database websites on Luxembourg: ·Legitax, aregularly updated and hyperlinked database on Luxembourg fiscal law and doubletax treaties, containing case law, parliamentary documents, circular lettersand comments; ·Legiwork, aregularly updated and hyperlinked database on Luxembourg labor law and socialsecurity law, containing case law, parliamentary documents and comments; ·Legitech, a Luxembourgeditor of law books and databases (the two above); ·Editions Saint-Paul,a Luxembourg editor of law books and also of a CD-ROM on income tax in Luxembourg; ·Jurisedit, a databasecontaining mainly case law (Banking law, commercial law, social security andlabour law); ·Portalis, a Luxembourgeditor of law books; ·Les Pandectes, a Luxembourgeditor of law books; ·Codexonline, a source for general legal information. This siteoffers non-structured information provided by various authors. Publications onthis site are not...