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    • Who was the last President of the Philippines?

      • Presidents of the Philippines from past to present. Manuel Roxas (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948) Roxas was the fifth president of the Philippines overall but he was considered as the third and last president under the Commonwealth and the first of the Third Republic of the Philippines. He only sat in the office for 1 year, 10 months and 18 days.
  1. The first national presidential election was held, and Manuel L. Quezon (1935–44) was elected to a six-year term, with no provision for re-election, as the second Philippine president and the first Commonwealth president. In 1940, however, the Constitution was amended to allow re-election but shortened the term to four years.

    • Emilio Aguinaldo (Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy)
    • Manuel L. Quezon (Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina)
    • José P. Laurel (José Paciano Laurel y García) – (March 9, 1891 – November 6, 1959) was the president of the Republic of the Philippines, a Japanese-sponsored administration during World War II, from 1943 to 1945.
    • Sergio Osmeña (Sergio Osmeña y Suico) – (9 September 1878 – 19 October 1961) was a Filipino politician who served as the 4 President of the Philippines from 1944 to 1946.
  2. Mar 27, 2019 · Manuel L. Quezon . Manuel L. Quezon was a military soldier, statesman, and a politician who became the Commonwealth of PhilippinesPresident at the end of America’s occupation of the region. He assumed office on November 15, 1935, after defeating the country’s first President, Emilio Aguinaldo.

    • John Misachi
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    • Emilio Aguinaldo 1899-1901
    • Manuel L. Quezon, 1935-1944
    • José P. Laurel, 1943-1945
    • Sergio Osmeña, 1944-1946
    • Manuel Roxas, 1946-1948
    • Elpidio Quirino, 1948-1953
    • Ramon Magsaysay, 1953-1957
    • Carlos P. Garcia, 1957-1961
    • Diosdado Macapagal, 1961-1965
    • Ferdinand Marcos, 1965-1986

    One way to remember the first president of the Philippines First Republic is to look at the five peso coin. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's face used to grace the five peso bill (which is not used anymore). The back of the bill shows him holding the Philippine flag at the celebration of the Philippine Independence Day. Contributions and Achievements: 1. first (and only) president of the First Republic (Malolos Republic) 1. signed the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, creating a truce between the Spanish and Philippine revolutionaries 2. known as the President of the Revolutionary Government 3. led the Philippines in the Spanish-Philippine War and the American-Philippine War 4. youngest president, taking office at age 28 1. longest-lived president, passing away at 94

    After 34 years of Insular Government under American rule, Philippine voters elected Manuel Luis Quezon first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. He is known as the “Father of National Language” (Ama ng Wikang Pambansa). He died of tuberculosis in Saranac Lake, New York. Contributions and Achievements: 1. first Senate president elected as President of the Philippines 1. first president elected through a national election 1. first president under the Commonwealth 1. created National Council of Education 1. initiated women’s suffrage in the Philippines during the Commonwealth 1. approved Tagalog/Filipino as the national language of the Philippines 1. appears on the twenty-peso bill 1. a province, a city, a bridge and a university in Manila are named after him 1. his body lies within the special monument on Quezon Memorial Circle

    José P. Laurel's presidency is controversial. He was officially the government's caretaker during the Japanese occupation of World War II. Criticized as a traitor by some, his indictment for treason was superseded later by an amnesty proclamation in 1948. Contributions and Achievements: 1. since the early 1960s, Laurel considered a legitimate president of the Philippines 1. organized KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas, or Association for Service to the New Philippines), a provisional government during Japanese occupation 1. declared Martial Law and war between the Philippines and the U.S./United Kingdom in 1944 1. with his family, established the Lyceum of the Philippines

    Sergio Osmeña was the second president of the Commonwealth. During his presidency, the Philippines joined the International Monetary Fund. Contributions and Achievements: 1. became president at 65, making him the oldest person to hold office 1. first Visayan to become president 1. joined with U.S. Gen. Douglas McArthur in Leyte on October 20, 1944 to begin restoration of Philippine freedom after Japanese occupation 1. Philippine National Bank was rehabilitated and the country joined the International Monetary Fund during his presidency 1. Bell Trade Act was approved by the U.S. Congress during his presidency 1. appears on the 50-peso bill

    Manuel Roxas was the fifth president of the Philippines: the third (and last) president under the Commonwealth, and the first president of the Third Republic of the Philippines. He held office for only one year, 10 months, and 18 days. Contributions and Achievements: 1. inaugurated as the first president of the new Republic after World War II 1. reconstruction from war damage and life without foreign rule began during his presidency 1. under his term, the Philippine Rehabilitation Act and Philippine Trade Act laws were accepted by Congress 1. appears on the 100-peso bill

    Elpidio Quirino served as vice president under Manuel Roxas. When Roxas died in 1948, Quirino became president. Contributions and Achievements: 1. Hukbalahap guerrilla movement active during his presidency 1. created Social Security Commission 1. created Integrity Board to monitor graft and corruption 1. Quezon City became capital of the Philippines in 1948

    Ramon Magsaysay was born in Iba, Zambales. He was a military governor and an engineer. He died in an aircraft disaster while boarding the presidential plane. Contributions and Achievements: 1. Hukbalahap movement quelled during his presidency 2. chairman of the Committee on Guerrilla Affairs 1. first president sworn into office wearing Barong Tagalog during inauguration 1. presidency referred to as the Philippines' "Golden Years" for its lack of corruption 1. Philippines was ranked second in Asia’s clean and well-governed countries during his presidency 1. established National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) among other agrarian reforms

    A lawyer, poet, and teacher, Carlos P. Garcia also served as a guerrilla leader during the Pacific War. Born in Bohol, Garcia serviced as vice president under Ramon Magsaysay and as secretary of Foreign Affairs for four years. He became president when Magsaysay died in 1957. Contributions and Achievements: 1. known for “Filipino First Policy,” which favored Filipino businesses over foreign investors 1. established the Austerity Program focusing on Filipino trade and commerce 1. known as the “Prince of Visayan Poets” and the “Bard from Bohol” 1. cultural arts was revived during his term 1. was the first president to have his remains buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani

    Born in Lubao, Pampanga, Diosdado Macapagal was a lawyer and professor. His daughter Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was the 14th,and second female, president of the Philippines. Contributions and Achievements: 1. established the first Land Reform Law, allowing for the purchase of private farmland to be distributed in inexpensive, small lots to the landless 1. placed the Philippine peso on the currency exchange market 1. declared June 12, 1898 to be Philippines’ Independence Day 1. signed the Minimum Wage Law 1. created the Philippine Veteran’s Bank

    Born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Ferdinand Edralin Marcos was a lawyer and Senate President for three years. He was president for 21 years. He ruled under martial law and his dictatorship was known for its corruption and brutality. Marcos was removed from office after the People Power Revolution. Contributions and Achievements: 1. first president to win a second term 1. declared Martial Law on Sept. 22, 1972 1. increased the size of Philippine military and armed forces 1. by 1980 the Philippine GNP was four times greater than 1972 1. by 1986 the Philippines was one of the most indebted countries in Asia 1. built more schools, roads, bridges, hospitals, and other infrastructure than all former presidents combined 1. the only president whose remains are interred inside a refrigerated crypt

    • Twentyfive
  4. Oct 09, 2021 · Three of the candidates for the 2022 Philippines presidential election, left to right: Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr., former actor Isko Moreno and boxing superstar Manny Pacquiao.

  5. 92 After serving as Resident Commissioner, Manuel L. Quezon won election as the Philippine senate’s first president. 93 Abraham Holtzman, “Empire and Representation: The U.S. Congress,” Legislative Studies Quarterly 11, no. 2 (May 1986): 249–273. A statistically small but numerically consequential group, statutory representatives have ...

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