13.1-Ancient West Africa- Africans Discover Iron The Africans discovered a long time ago that by heating up certain kinds of rock they could get a hard metal called iron. Iron is stronger than other metals and was used for making tools and weapons.
“On the Ancient Eclipses of the Sun”, Popular Astronomy, vol. 14, 1906, pp.616-625; Jennings, S. “Solar Eclipses and Ancient History”, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Vol. 2, 1908, p. 167-184 ↩
“An abridged list of rulers for the ancient Greek world concentrating on the Hellenistic age (323–31 B.C.), after the time of Alexander the Great. In the preceding centuries, Greek city-states were governed by a variety of entities, including kings, oligarchies, tyrants, and, as in the case of Athens, a democracy.”
“A chronological list of the emperors of ancient Rome, covering the Julio-Claudian, Flavian, Antonine, and Severan dynasties; the Gallic, Palmyrene, and Eastern Roman empires; and the Constantine period.”
Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. It refers to the timeframe of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Ancient history includes the recorded Greek history beginning in about 776 BCE (First Olympiad).
This is a timeline of ancient Greece from its emergence around 800 BC to its subjection to the Roman Empire in 146 BC. For earlier times, see Greek Dark Ages, Aegean civilizations and Mycenaean Greece. For later times see Roman Greece, Byzantine Empire and Ottoman Greece. For modern Greece after 1820, see Timeline of modern Greek history