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  1. Corpus ID: 166567521. A study of discussions about "Kamishibai" in Japan during World War 2 @inproceedings{2009ASO, title={A study of discussions about "Kamishibai" in Japan during World War 2}, author={鬢櫛 久美子 and 真琴 野崎 and Bingushi Kumiko and Nozaki Makoto and 名古屋柳城短期大学}, year={2009} }

  2. During World War II, the pronunciation kamikaze was used only informally in the Japanese press in relation to suicide attacks, but after the war, this usage gained acceptance worldwide and was re-imported into Japan. As a result, the special attack units are sometimes known in Japan as kamikaze tokubetsu kōgeki tai.

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    What is Japanese Kamishibai propaganda?

    What did Japan say about Asia in WW2?

    What did Admiral Takijirō Ōnishi say to the first kamikaze?

    How did the Kamikaze Special Attack Force get its names?

    • Kokutai
    • Hakkō Ichiu
    • Bushido
    • Against Atrocity Claims
    • Anti-Western
    • Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
    • Self-Defense
    • Victories

    Kokutai, meaning the uniqueness of the Japanese people in having a leader with spiritual origins, was officially promulgated by the government, including a text book sent about by the Ministry of Education. The purpose of this instruction was to ensure that every child regarded himself first of all as a Japanese and was grateful for the "family polity" structure of government, with its apex in the emperor.Indeed, little effort was made during the course of the war to explain to the Japanese people what it was fought for; instead, it was presented as a chance to rally about the emperor. In 1937, the pamphlet Kokutai no Hongi was written to explain the principle. It clearly stated its purpose: to overcome social unrest and to develop a new Japan. From this pamphlet, pupils were taught to put the nation before the self, and that they were part of the state and not separate from it.The Ministry of Education promulgated it throughout the school system. In 1939, Taisei Yokusankai (Imperia...

    Like Nazi Germany's demands for Lebensraum, Japanese propaganda complained of being kept trapped in its own home waters. Hakkō ichiu, "to bring the eight corners of the world under one roof", added a religious overtone to the theme. It was based on the story of Emperor Jimmu, who had founded Japan, and finding five races on it, had made them all as "brothers of one family." In 1940, the Japan Times and Mailrecounted the story of Jimmu on the 2600 anniversary. The news of Hitler'ssuccess in Europe, followed by Mussolini's joining in the conflict, produced the slogan "Don't miss the bus!" as the European war gave them the opportunity to conquer Southeast Asia for its resources. On the outbreak of war, Tojo declared that as long as there remains a spirit of loyalty and patriotism under this policy, there was nothing to fear. An Investigation of Global Policy with the Yamato Race as Nucleus explicitly called for such expansion; although a secret document for use of the policy-makers, it...

    The samurai code bushido was pressed into service for indoctrination in militarism. This was used to present war as purifying, and death a duty. This worked to prevent surrenders, both of those who adhered to it, and of those who feared disgrace if they did not die. This was presented as revitalizing traditional values and "transcending the modern." War was presented as a purifying experience, albeit only for the Japanese. Bushido would provide a spiritual shield to let soldiers fight to the end. All soldiers were expected to adhere to it, although historically it had been the duty of higher ranked samuraiand not common soldiers. As taught, it produced a reckless indifference to the technological side of warfare. Japan's production was a fraction of America's, making equipment difficult. Officers declared themselves indifferent to radar, because they had perfectly good eyes. The blue-eyed Americans would necessarily be inferior to the dark-eyed Japanese at night attacks.At Imphal, t...

    Tight government censorship prevented the Japanese population from hearing of atrocities in China. When news of atrocities reached Western countries, Japan launched propaganda to combat it, both denying it and interviewing prisoners to counter it. They were, it was proclaimed, being well-treated by virtue of bushido generosity. The interviews were also described as being not propaganda but out of sympathy with the enemy, such sympathy as only bushido could inspire.The effect on Americans was tempered by subtle messages imbedded by the prisoners, including such comments as the declaration they were allowed to continue to wear the clothes they had been captured in. As early as the Bataan Death March, the Japanese had The Manila Times claim that the prisoners were treated humanely and their death rate had to be attributed to the intransigence of the American commanders who did not surrender until their men were on the verge of death. After the torture and execution of several of the Do...

    The United States and Great Britain were attacked years before the war, with any Western idea conflicting with Japanese practice being labeled "dangerous thoughts." They were attacked as materialistic and soulless, both in Japan and in short-wave broadcasts to Southeast Asia. Not only were such thoughts censored through strict control of publishing, the government used various popular organizations to foment hostility to them. Great Britain was attacked with particular fervor owing to its many colonies, and blamed for the continued stalemate in China. Chiang Kai-shek was denounced as a Western puppet, supplied through British and American exploitation of Southeast Asian colonies. Militarists, hating the arms control treaties that allowed Japan only 3 ships for British and American 5, used "5-5-3" as a nationalistic slogan.Furthermore, they wished to escape an international capitalist system dominated by British and American interests. Newspapers, in the days leading up to Pearl Harb...

    During the war, "Asia for the Asians" was a widespread slogan, though undermined by brutal Japanese treatment in occupied countries. This was in service of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, where the new Japanese empire was presented as an Asian equivalent of the Monroe Doctrine.The regions of Asia, it was argued, were as essential to Japan as Latin America was to the United States. This was initially, while plausible, very popular among the occupied nations. Japanese victories were initially cheered in support of this aim.Many Japanese remained convinced, throughout the war, that the Sphere was idealistic, offering slogans in a newspaper competition, praising the sphere for constructive efforts and peace. During the war with China, the prime minister announced on radio they were seeking only a new order to ensure the stability of East Asia, unfortunately prevented because Chiang Kai-shek was a Western puppet. The failure to win the Second Sino-Japanese Warwas blamed on Br...

    Propaganda declared that the war had been forced on them in self-defense. As early as the Manchurian Incident, the mass media uncriticially spread the report that the Chinese had caused the explosion, attacking Japan's rights and interests, and therefore the Japanese must defend their rights, even at great sacrifice. This argument was made even to the League of Nations: they were only trying to prevent anti-Japanese activities by the Guomindang. Prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor, newspapers reported that unless negotiations improved, Japan would be forced to engage in self-defense measures.Indeed, after the attack, propaganda to American forces operated on the assumption that Americans would regard Pearl Harbor as a defensive act, forced on them by "Roosevelt and his clique".

    For propaganda purposes, defeats were presented at home as great victories. Much was made of Japan's 2600 years history without defeats. The wars of 1895 and 1904 were presented by historians as overwhelming triumphs instead of narrowly won.For a long time, the armed forces held to the belief that a string of victories would demoralize the Americans sufficiently for a negotiated peace. This began with the claims about the war in China. It continued with newspaper exultation over the attack on Pearl Harbor. and continued with the string of early Japanese successes. This produced an exuberance in the people that did not brace them for a long war, but suggestions that it be tempered were not accepted. Even in the early stages, exaggerated claims were made, such as that Hawaii was in danger of starvation even though the Japanese submarines were not raiding commerce, as would have been needed to bring this about. The capture of Singapore was triumphantly declared as deciding the general...

  4. Oct 01, 2020 · Abstract: The total number of Japanese casualties in the Asia-Pacific War (1937-1945) is estimated to be around 3.1 million, with military fatalities accounting for 2.3 million. In contrast to the

  5. Aug 06, 2016 · Japan’s leaders delayed surrender in 1945 for a variety of reasons. With the exception of Prince Konoe, the rest of the Japanese decision makers believed in the power of the Japanese fighting spirit, overlooking the dire situation facing the war-damaged nation.

  6. After the defeat of Japan in World War II, the United States led the Allies in the occupation and rehabilitation of the Japanese state. Between 1945 and 1952, the U.S. occupying forces, led by General Douglas A. MacArthur, enacted widespread military, political, economic, and social reforms.

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