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    • How old was Anne Frank when she joined the van Pels?

      • On 13 July 1942, the Franks were joined by the Van Pels, made up of Hermann, Auguste, and 16-year-old Peter, and then in November by Fritz Pfeffer, a dentist and friend of the family. Frank wrote of her pleasure at having new people to talk to]
  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Anne_Marie_FrankAnne Frank - Wikipedia

    In 2015, Flemish journalist Jeroen de Bruyn and Joop van Wijk, Bep Voskuijl's youngest son, wrote a biography, Bep Voskuijl, het zwijgen voorbij: een biografie van de jongste helper van het Achterhuis (Bep Voskuijl, the Silence is Over: A Biography of the Youngest Helper of the Secret Annex, published in English in 2018 as Anne Frank, the ...

    • Early Life
    • Time Period Chronicled in The Diary
    • Arrest
    • Deportation and Death
    • The Diary of A Young Girl
    • Legacy
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Frank was born Annelies or Anneliese Marie Frank on 12 June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto Frank (1889–1980) and Edith Frank-Holländer (1900–45). She had an older sister, Margot (1926–45). The Franks were liberal Jews, and did not observe all of the customs and traditions of Judaism, and lived in an assimilatedcommunity of Jewish and non-Jewish citizens of various religions. Edith Frank was the more devout parent, while Otto Frank was interested in scholarly pursuits and had an extensive library; both parents encouraged the children to read. On 13 March 1933, elections were held in Frankfurt for the municipal council, and Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party won. Antisemitic demonstrations occurred almost immediately, and the Franks began to fear what would happen to them if they remained in Germany. Later that year, Edith and the children went to Aachen, where they stayed with Edith's mother, Rosa Holländer. Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt, but after receiving an offer to start a compan...

    Before going into hiding

    For her thirteenth birthday on 12 June 1942, Anne Frank received a book she had shown her father in a shop window a few days earlier. Although it was an autograph book, bound with red-and-white checkered cloth and with a small lock on the front, Frank decided she would use it as a diary, and she began writing in it almost immediately. While many of her early entries relate the mundane aspects of her life, she also discusses some of the changes that had taken place in the Netherlands since the...

    Life in the Achterhuis

    On the morning of Monday, 6 July 1942, the family moved into their hiding place, a secret annex. Their apartment was left in a state of disarray to create the impression that they had left suddenly, and Otto Frank left a note that hinted they were going to Switzerland. The need for secrecy forced them to leave behind Anne's cat, Moortje. As Jews were not allowed to use public transport, they walked several kilometers from their home, with each of them wearing several layers of clothing as the...

    The young diarist

    In her writing, Frank examined her relationships with the members of her family, and the strong differences in each of their personalities. She considered herself to be closest emotionally to her father, who later commented, "I got on better with Anne than with Margot, who was more attached to her mother. The reason for that may have been that Margot rarely showed her feelings and didn't need as much support because she didn't suffer from mood swings as much as Anne did." The Frank sisters fo...

    On the morning of 4 August 1944, following a tip from an informer who has never been identified, the Achterhuis was stormed by a group of German uniformed police (Grüne Polizei) led by SS-Oberscharführer Karl Silberbauer of the Sicherheitsdienst. The Franks, van Pelses, and Pfeffer were taken to RSHA headquarters, where they were interrogated and held overnight. On 5 August they were transferred to the Huis van Bewaring (House of Detention), an overcrowded prison on the Weteringschans. Two days later they were transported to the Westerbork transit camp, through which by that time more than 100,000 Jews, mostly Dutch and German, had passed. Having been arrested in hiding, they were considered criminals and sent to the Punishment Barracks for hard labor. Victor Kugler and Johannes Kleiman were arrested and jailed at the penal camp for enemies of the regime at Amersfoort. Kleiman was released after seven weeks, but Kugler was held in various work camps until the war's end. Miep Gies an...

    On 3 September 1944,[lower-alpha 1] the group was deported on what would be the last transport from Westerbork to the Auschwitz concentration camp and arrived after a three-day journey. On the same train was Bloeme Evers-Emden, an Amsterdam native who had befriended Margot and Anne in the Jewish Lyceum in 1941. Bloeme saw Anne, Margot, and their mother regularly in Auschwitz, and was interviewed for her remembrances of the Frank women in Auschwitz in the television documentary The Last Seven Months of Anne Frank (1988) by Dutch filmmaker Willy Lindwer and the BBC documentary Anne Frank Remembered(1995). Upon arrival at Auschwitz, the SS forcibly separated the men from the women and children, and Otto Frank was wrenched from his family. Those deemed able to work were admitted into the camp, and those deemed unfit for labor were immediately killed. Of the 1,019 passengers, 549—including all children younger than 15—were sent directly to the gas chambers. Anne Frank, who had turned 15...

    Publication

    In July 1945, after the Red Cross confirmed the deaths of the Frank sisters, Miep Gies gave Otto Frank the diary and a bundle of loose notes that she had saved in the hope of returning them to Anne. Otto Frank later commented that he had not realized Anne had kept such an accurate and well-written record of their time in hiding. In his memoir, he described the painful process of reading the diary, recognizing the events described and recalling that he had already heard some of the more amusin...

    Reception

    The diary has been praised for its literary merits. Commenting on Anne Frank's writing style, the dramatist Meyer Levin commended Frank for "sustaining the tension of a well-constructed novel", and was so impressed by the quality of her work that he collaborated with Otto Frank on a dramatization of the diary shortly after its publication. Meyer became obsessed with Anne Frank, which he wrote about in his autobiography The Obsession. The poet John Berrymancalled the book a unique depiction, n...

    Denials of authenticity and legal action

    After the diary became widely known in the late 1950s, various allegations against the veracity of the diary and/or its contents appeared, with the earliest published criticisms occurring in Sweden and Norway. In 1957, Fria ord ("Free Words"), the magazine of the Swedish neofascist organisation National League of Sweden published an article by Danish author and critic Harald Nielsen, who had previously written antisemitic articles about the Danish-Jewish author Georg Brandes.Among other thing...

    On 3 May 1957, a group of citizens, including Otto Frank, established the Anne Frank Stichting in an effort to rescue the Prinsengracht building from demolition and to make it accessible to the public. The Anne Frank House opened on 3 May 1960. It consists of the Opekta warehouse and offices and the Achterhuis, all unfurnished so that visitors can walk freely through the rooms. Some personal relics of the former occupants remain, such as movie star photographs glued by Anne to a wall, a section of wallpaper on which Otto Frank marked the height of his growing daughters, and a map on the wall where he recorded the advance of the Allied Forces, all now protected behind Perspexsheets. From the small room which was once home to Peter van Pels, a walkway connects the building to its neighbours, also purchased by the Foundation. These other buildings are used to house the diary, as well as rotating exhibits that chronicle aspects of the Holocaust and more contemporary examinations of raci...

  2. People also ask

    How old was Anne Frank when she joined the van Pels?

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    Who was the only surviving member of the Frank family?

    How old was Anne Frank when she moved to Holland?

  3. Anne’s father, Otto Frank, enlisted help from four of his employees who worked at the office and who became known as ‘the helpers‘ — Miep Gies, Bep Voskuijl, Johannes Kleiman and Victor Krugler. The helpers brought the family food, clothing and other supplies while they were in hiding.

  4. After Otto Frank had moved to Switzerland in 1952, Johannes Kleiman once again became managing director of Opekta. In 1955, Opekta and Gies & Co moved to other buildings in the city. By then, people from different parts of the world were already interested in visiting the Secret Annex where Anne Frank had lived in hiding.

  5. Annelies Marie Frank (Anne Frank) was born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. Her mother was Edith Frank Holländer, and her father, Otto Frank, was a lieutenant in the German army during World War I, later becoming a businessman in Germany and the Netherlands. Anne had an elder sister named Margot (born on February 16, 1926).

    • Tanya and The Siege of Leningrad
    • Tanya Savicheva's Life
    • The Diary

    Tatyana “Tanya” Savicheva was born nine years before the beginning of the war and was only eleven when her life suddenly changed. The girl lived with her three sisters, two brothers, and her mother Mariya. When people heard about an imminent invasion, the family decided to flee to the countryside to wait for the confrontation to end. But it was too late. On September 8, 1941, the Axis had already surrounded the city and was about to make its move. As a sign of support, Tanya and her family –except her brother Mikhail, who abandoned Leningrad before the Siege– devoted their time to help the army. Mariya sewed uniforms, Leka planned military strategies with the leaders of the army, and Zhenya worked in the ammunition factory. Her other sister, Nina, was assumed dead since she was secretly being sent to another place. Despite serving the national cause, the spirits of all the Savichevas started to decline when the sources started to run out. Due to the defensive barrier, there wasn't a...

    Tanya's small notebook is nothing like Anne Frank's. It lacks literary sense and detail. Actually, it consists of some pages, but many have interpreted this simplicity as the void she felt towards the suffering of those around her. The few pages of the document are a record of the days and hours when her relatives died. The first one to pass away, on December 28 (only three months after the beginning of the Siege) was her sister Zhenya, who had to walk many miles per day to manufacture the cases of mines. The woman who would often donate blood to soldiers in need died of hunger and weakness. She's the first to appear in Tanya's notebook. The next was her grandmother Yevdokiya, who had a heart attack after losing a third of her body weight. Her brother Leka died in March also due to malnutrition. The last ones were her uncles Vasya (in April) and Lesha (May), followed by her mother Mariya in the same month. The girl was only 12 years old and had no one to turn to. One of her neighbor...

    These are the contents of the diary which has been replicated in a memorial in Leningrad, now St. Petersburg: Zhenya died on Dec. 28 at 12:00 P.M. 1941 Grandma died on Jan. 25 3:00 P.M. 1942 Lekadied on March 5 at 5:00 A.M. 1942 Uncle Vasya died on Apr. 13 at 2:00 after midnight 1942 Uncle Lesha on May 10 at 4:00 P.M. 1942 Mother on May 13 at 7:30 A.M. 1942 Savichevsdied. Everyone died. It's interesting that the line dedicated to her mother doesn't include the word "died". It's likely that she was so afflicted by her mother's death that she didn't even dare write it. The ending is even more heartbreaking. Despite the fact that there are only a few words, they seem to represent all the pain and nightmares suffered not only by this particular girl, but by more than a million people during the Siege of Leningrad. – The world remembers Anne Frank as a symbol of resilience and anguish of the Jewish people. Tanya symbolizes those citizens who lost their lives due to famine, disease, and e...

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