Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu ( Jawi: ويکيڤيديا بهاس ملايو ), sering kali disingkatkan sebagai mswiki, ialah versi bahasa Melayu ensiklopedia bebas dalam talian, Wikipedia. Ketika ini terdapat 353,074 buah rencana di Wikipedia bahasa Melayu dan berada dalam kedudukan ke-29 untuk Wikipedia terbesar secara keseluruhannya.
Status. Article 152 of the Federation designates Malay as the official language. Between 1986 and 2007, the official term Bahasa Malaysia was replaced by "Bahasa Melayu".Today, to recognize that Malaysia is composed of many ethnic groups (and not only the ethnic Malays), the term Bahasa Malaysia has once again become the government's preferred designation for the Bahasa Kebangsaan (National ...
Talian penting COVID-19 : Brunei 2381383 | Indonesia 0215210411 | Malaysia 0388810200 | Singapura 63259220. Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas. ensiklopedia bebas yang boleh disunting oleh sesiapa jua. 26 Oktober 2002 (umur 18).
- Writing System
- Extent of Use
- Borrowed Words
- Varieties and Related Languages
- See Also
Malay historical linguists agree on the likelihood of the Malay homeland being in Western Borneo. A form known as Proto-Malay was spoken in Borneo at least by 1000 BCE and was, it has been argued, the ancestral language of all subsequent Malayan languages. Its ancestor, Proto-Malayo-Polynesian, a descendant of the Proto-Austronesian language, began to break up by at least 2000 BCE, possibly as a result of the southward expansion of Austronesian peoples into Maritime Southeast Asia from the island of Taiwan.
The history of the Malay language can be divided into five periods: Old Malay, the Transitional Period, the Malacca Period (Classical Malay), Late Modern Malay and Modern Malay. Old Malay is believed to be the actual ancestor of Classical Malay. Old Malay was influenced by Sanskrit, the literary language of Classical India and a liturgical language of Hinduism and Buddhism. Sanskrit loanwords can be found in Old Malay vocabulary. The earliest known stone inscription in the Old Malay language was found in Sumatra, written in the Pallava variety of the Grantha alphabet and is dated 1 May 683. Known as the Kedukan Bukit inscription, it was discovered by the Dutchman M. Batenburg on 29 November 1920 at Kedukan Bukit, South Sumatra, on the banks of the Tatang, a tributary of the Musi River. It is a small stone of 45 by 80 centimetres (18 by 31 in). Other evidence is the Tanjung Tanah Law in post-Pallava letters. This 14th-century pre-Islamic legal text was produced in the Adityawarman er...
Malay is a member of the Austronesian family of languages, which includes languages from Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean, with a smaller number in continental Asia. Malagasy, a geographic outlier spoken in Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, is also a member of this language family. Although these languages are not necessarily mutually intelligible to any extent, their similarities are often quite apparent. In more conservative languages like Malay, many roots have come with relatively little change from their common ancestor, Proto-Austronesian language. There are many cognatesfound in the languages' words for kinship, health, body parts and common animals. Numbers, especially, show remarkable similarities. Within Austronesian, Malay is part of a cluster of numerous closely related forms of speech known as the Malayic languages, which were spread across Malaya and the Indonesian archipelago by Malay traders from Sumatra. There is disagreement as to which varieties of speech popula...
Malay is now written using the Latin script, known as Rumi in Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore or Latin in Indonesia, although an Arabic script called Arab Melayu or Jawi also exists. Latin script is official in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. Malay uses Hindu-Arabic numerals. Rumi (Latin) and Jawi are co-official in Brunei only. Names of institutions and organisations have to use Jawi and Rumi (Latin) scripts. Jawi is used fully in schools, especially the Religious School, Sekolah Agama, which is compulsory during the afternoon for Muslim students aged from around 6–7 up to 12–14. Efforts are currently being undertaken to preserve Jawi in Malaysia, and students taking Malay language examinations in Malaysia have the option of answering questions using Jawi. The Latin script, however, is the most commonly used in Brunei and Malaysia, both for official and informal purposes. Historically, Malay has been written using various scripts. Before the introduction of Arabic script in the...
Malay is spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, East Timor, Singapore, parts of Thailand and southern Philippines. Indonesia regulates its own normative variety of Malay, while Malaysia and Singapore use the same standard. Brunei, in addition to Standard Malay, uses a distinct vernacular dialect called Brunei Malay. In East Timor, Indonesian is recognised by the constitution as one of two working languages (the other being English), alongside the official languages of Tetum and Portuguese. The extent to which Malay is used in these countries varies depending on historical and cultural circumstances. Malay is the national language in Malaysia by Article 152 of the Constitution of Malaysia, and became the sole official language in Peninsular Malaysia in 1968 and in East Malaysia gradually from 1974. English continues, however, to be widely used in professional and commercial fields and in the superior courts. Other minority languages are also commonly used by the country's large ethni...
Malay is an agglutinative language, and new words are formed by three methods: attaching affixes onto a root word (affixation), formation of a compound word (composition), or repetition of words or portions of words (reduplication). Nouns and verbs may be basic roots, but frequently they are derived from other words by means of prefixes, suffixes and circumfixes. Malay does not make use of grammatical gender, and there are only a few words that use natural gender; the same word is used for "he” and "she” which is dia or for "his” and "her” which is dia punya. There is no grammatical plural in Malay either; thus orang may mean either "person" or "people". Verbs are not inflected for person or number, and they are not marked for tense; tense is instead denoted by time adverbs (such as "yesterday") or by other tense indicators, such as sudah "already" and belum "not yet". On the other hand, there is a complex system of verb affixes to render nuances of meaning and to denote voice or in...
The Malay language has many words borrowed from Arabic (in particular religious terms), Sanskrit, Tamil, certain Sinitic languages, Persian (due to historical status of Malay Archipelago as a trading hub), and more recently, Portuguese, Dutch and English(in particular many scientific and technological terms).
There is a group of closely related languages spoken by Malays and related peoples across Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Southern Thailand, and the far southern parts of the Philippines. They have traditionally been classified as Malay, Para-Malay, and Aboriginal Malay, but this reflects geography and ethnicity rather than a proper linguistic classification. The Malayan languages are mutually intelligibleto varying extents, though the distinction between language and dialect is unclear in many cases. Para-Malay includes the Malayan languages of Sumatra. They are: Minangkabau, Central Malay (Bengkulu), Pekal, Musi (Palembang), Negeri Sembilan (Malaysia), and Duano’. Aboriginal Malay are the Malayan languages spoken by the Orang Asli (Proto-Malay) in Malaya. They are Jakun, Orang Kanaq, Orang Seletar, and Temuan. The other Malayan languages, included in neither of these groups, are associated with the expansion of the Malays across the archipelago. They include Malaccan Malay...
All Malay speakers should be able to understand either of the translations below, which differ mostly in their choice of wording. The words for 'article', pasal and perkara, and for 'declaration', pernyataan and perisytiharan, are specific to the Indonesian and Malaysian standards, respectively, but otherwise all the words are found in both (and even those words may be found with slightly different meanings).
- Ancient Malay, Old Malay, Classical Malay, Pre-Modern Malay
- Indonesia, Malaysia, East Timor, Brunei, Singapore, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Bahasa Melayu ( Bahasa Malaysia ), merupakan bahasa utama negara ini. Rakyat berketurunan Minangkabau, Bugis dan Jawa boleh digolongkan sebagai "Melayu" mengikut takrifan perlembagaan, tetapi juga boleh bertutur dalam bahasa ibunda masing-masing. Bahasa Inggeris juga meluas di kawasan bandar raya utama.
200,000 - March 21, 2013 - Belforte Monferrato190,000 - February 25, 2013 - Galeri Petronas178,000 - February 6, 2013 - Doubravice (Daerah České Budějovice)125,000 - November 15, 2011 - MorbecqueMain Page (11 Mar 2004)Main Page (30 Jun 2004)Main Page (26 Nov 2004)Main Page (4 Sep 2006)
- External Links
Lih, Andrew. The Wikipedia Revolution: How a Bunch of Nobodies Created the World's Greatest Encyclopedia. Hyperion, New York. 2009. 1st ed. ISBN 978-1-4013-0371-6(paper).(in Malay) Mobile version of Malay Wikipedia(in Malay) History of Malay Wikipedia
- Kaedah Menulis
- Skop Penggunaan
- Bahasa Pasar
- Lihat Juga
- Pautan Luar
Bahasa ini dipanggil dengan pelbagai nama, namun nama yang paling popular ialah "Bahasa Melayu" dan "Bahasa Malaysia". Namun begitu, di Malaysia, kekeliruan telah muncul dalam kalangan rakyat mengenai nama apakah yang patut digunakan untuk bahasa kebangsaan negara itu secara tepat dan muktamad. Ada pihak[nyatakan menurut siapa?] yang menganggap "Pada era kemerdekaan Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahmansebagai Perdana Menteri pertamanya memperkenalkan istilah "Bahasa Malaysia" sebagai nama untuk bahasa kebangsaan Malaysia. Istilah ini kemudiannya diguna pakai secara meluas." Sebenarnya istilah Bahasa Malaysia itu tidak disumbangkan oleh YAB Tunku Abdul Rahman, tetapi timbul secara spontan selepas tragedi 13 Mei 1969. Hal ini terbukti dalam liputan akhbar pada masa tersebut. Pada masa itu, wujud semacam persetujuan ramai terhadap istilah Bahasa Malaysia. Namun, Perlembagaan Malaysia tidak berubah. Pada tahun 1986, istilah "Bahasa Malaysia" ditukar kepada "Bahasa Melayu". Penukaran ini dibuat...
Penulisan bahasa Melayu telah mengalami beberapa perubahan dan menggunakan beberapa jenis huruf yang saling berganti. Tulisan yang pertama dipakai ialah tulisan Pallava yang berasal dari India. Tulisan Pallava ini kemudian mengalami perubahan. Oleh itu, timbul jenis-jenis tulisan seperti berikut: 1. 1.1. Tulisan Rencong. 1.2. Tulisan Pallava. 1.3. Tulisan Kawi. 1.4. Tulisan Jawi 1.5. Tulisan Rumi Dalam zaman pascamoden, Bahasa Malaysia biasanya ditulis dalam tulisan Rumi dan kadangkalanya dalam tulisan Jawi untuk pengupacaraan agama. Tulisan Rumi merupakan sistem penulisan rasmi Bahasa Malaysia seperti yang termaktub dalam Perlembagaan Malaysia. Tulisan tersebut paling kerap digunakan dalam kehidupan seharian. Walau bagaimanapun, tetap ada pelbagai usaha yang dilancarkan untuk menghidupkan semula kaedah penulisan Jawi. Ejaan Rumi Baharu Bahasa Malaysia pula merujuk kepada sistem ejaan yang telah diisytiharkan penggunaannya serentak di Kuala Lumpur dan di Jakarta pada tanggal 16 Ogos...
Bahasa Malaysia dijadikan bahasa rasmi tunggal di Semenanjung Malaysia pada 1968, dan di Sabah dan Sarawak mulai 1974. Walaupun status Bahasa Inggeris sebagai bahasa rasmi disangkalkan dan penglibatannya dalam hal ehwal pentadbiran dikurangkan, Bahasa Inggeris turut merupakan sebuah bahasa keduayang penting.
Sejak zaman kuno, Bahasa Malaysia telah lama banyak menyerap pengaruh bahasa-bahasa asing seperti Sanskrit, Inggeris, Portugis, Jawa, Arab dan sebagainya.The Extent of the Influence of Tamil on the Malay Language: A Comparative Study - Dr. T.Wignesan Diarkibkan 2013-09-03 di Wayback Machine(This paper was given at the VIIIth World Tamil Studies Cong...