Bisaya (bahasa Sugbo: Kabisay·an; bahasa Spanyol: Bisayas; bahasa Inggris: Visayas) ialah salah satu dari 3 kelompok kepulauan di Filipina bersama dengan Luzon dan Mindanao. Terdiri atas beberapa pulau, membentuk bagian tengah kepulauan di negeri ini.
Suku Kaum Bisaya mempunyai banyak persamaan dengan suku kaum Dusun Tatana terutama sekali dari segi bahasa. Ini terbukti sebilangan percakapan bahasa dialog mereka hampir sama jika mereka berdialog sesama sendiri. Bisaya dikatakan di antara yang pertama menerima islam pada awal kurun ke-13.
- Klasifikasi Internal
- Lihat Pula
Penutur alami bahasa-bahasa Bisaya, khususnya Cebú, Hiligaynon, dan Waray-Waray menyebut bahasa mereka dengan nama Bisaya, "Visaya", atau Binisaya. Bagi penutur Masbateño, Romblomanon, Surigaonon, dan Butuanon, istilah Visaya biasanya mengacu pada Cebú atau Hiligaynon. Karena penutur bahasa Tausug kebanyakan Muslim, mereka memandang istilah Bisayasebagai istilah religius mengacu pada orang Filipino Kristen (sebagian besar mengacu pada Cebú dan/atau Hiligaynon karena bahasa mereka berdampingan).
David Zorc memberikan klasifikasi internal berikut untuk rumpun bahasa Bisaya (Zorc 1977:32). Lima cabang utamanya adalah Selatan, Cebú, Tengah, Banton, dan Barat. Tetapi, Zorc menggarisbawahi bahwa rumpun bahasa Bisaya lebih menyerupai dialect continuum daripada sekumpulan bahasa-bahasa yang dapat dibedakan. Bahasa-bahasa Bisaya Selatan dianggap yang pertama terdivergensi, diikuti oleh Cebú, dan kemudian tiga cabang sisanya. Selain itu, juga di Bisaya, Provinsi Romblon memiliki keanekaragaman linguistik paling banyak, karena bahasa-bahasa dari tiga cabang utama Bisaya merupakan bahasa sampingan selain bahasa pribumi Romblomanon dan Banton. Yang lebih khusus lagi, Baybayanon dan Porohanon memiliki substrata Waray-Waray, yang menunjukkan persebaran Waray-Waray lebih luas sebelum penutur Cebú berkembang secara luas mulai dari pertengahan 1800-an. Total 36 variasi seperti terdaftar di bawah ini. Bahasa-bahasa yang berdiri sendiri ditulis dengan huruf miring. 1. Bisaya 1.1. 1. Selatan (...
David Rekonstruksi Zorc dari Proto-Bisaya memiliki 15 konsonan dan 4 vokal (Zorc 1977:201).Vowel length, primary stress (penultimate and ultimate), and secondary stress (pre-penultimate) are also reconstructed by Zorc.
Bisaya är en ursprungsbefolkning i nordvästra Borneo, inom Malaysia. De är främst koncentrerade runt Limbangfloden i den norra delen av staten Sarawak. I Sabah och i Brunei finns andra isolerade stammar kallade Kadazan-Dusun. De är avlägset släkt med det visayafolket på Filippinerna, även om en jämförelse mellan cebuanos vokabulär ...
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The term Cebuano derives from "Cebu"+"ano", a Latinate calque, reflective of the Philippines's Spanish colonial heritage. In common or everyday parlance, especially by those speakers from outside of the island of Cebu, Cebuano is more often referred to as Bisaya. Bisaya, however, may become a source of confusion as many other Visayan languages may also be referred to as Bisaya even though they are not mutually intelligible with speakers of what is referred to by linguists as Cebuano. Cebuano in this sense applies to all speakers of vernaculars mutually intelligible with the vernaculars of Cebu island, regardless of origin or location, as well as to the language they speak. The term Cebuano has garnered some objections. For example, generations of Cebuano speakers in northern Mindanao (Dipolog, Dapitan, Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental together with coastal areas of Butuan) say that their ancestry traces back to Cebuano speakers native to their place and not f...
Cebuano is an Austronesian language; it is generally classified as one of the five primary branches of the Visayan languages, part of the wider genus of Philippine languages.
Cebuano is spoken in the provinces of Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor, Negros Oriental, northeastern Negros Occidental, (as well as the municipality of Hinoba-an and the cities of Kabankalan and Sipalay to a great extent, alongside Ilonggo), southern Masbate, western portions of Leyte and Biliran (to a great extent, alongside Waray), and a large portion of Mindanao, notably the urban areas of Zamboanga Peninsula, Cagayan de Oro, Davao Region, Surigao and Cotabato. Some dialects of Cebuano have different names for the language. Cebuano speakers from Cebu are mainly called "Cebuano" while those from Bohol are "Boholano". Cebuano speakers in Leyte identify their dialect as Kanâ meaning that (Leyte Cebuano or Leyteño). Speakers in Mindanao and Luzon refer to the language simply as Binisaya or Bisaya.
Cebuano originates from the island of Cebu. The language "has spread from its base in Cebu" to nearby islands and also Bohol, eastern Negros, western and southern parts of Leyte and most parts of Mindanao, especially the northern, southern, and eastern parts of the large island. Cebuano was first documented in a list of vocabulary compiled by Antonio Pigafetta, an Italian explorer who was part of and documented Ferdinand Magellan's 1521 expedition.Spanish missionaries started to write in the language during the early 18th century. As a result of the eventual 300-year Spanish colonial period, Cebuano contains many words of Spanish origin. While there is evidence of a pre-Spanish writing system for the language, its use appears to have been sporadic. Spaniards recorded the Visayan script which was called Kudlit-kabadlit by the natives. The colonists called the ancient Filipino script "Tagalog letters", regardless of the language for which it was used. This script died...
Below is the vowel system of Cebuano with their corresponding letter representation in angular brackets: 1. /a/ an open front unrounded vowel similar to English "father" 2. /ɛ/ an open-mid front unrounded vowel similar to English "bed" 3. /i/ a close front unrounded vowel similar to English "machine" 4. /o/ a close-mid back rounded vowel similar to English "forty" 5. /u/ a close back rounded vowel similar to English "flute" Sometimes, ⟨a⟩ may also be pronounced as the open-mid back unrounded...
For Cebuano consonants, all the stops are unaspirated. The velar nasal /ŋ/ occurs in all positions, including at the beginning of a word (e.g. ngano, "why"). The glottal stop /ʔ/is most commonly encountered in between two vowels, but can also appear in all positions. Like in Tagalog, glottal stops are usually not indicated in writing. When indicated, it is commonly written as a hyphen or an apostrophe if the glottal stop occurs in the middle of the word (e.g. tu-o or tu'o, "right"). More form...
Stress accent is phonemic, so that dapít (adverb) means "near to a place," while dāpit (noun) means "place."dū-ol (verb) means "come near," while du-ól (adverb) means "near" or "close by."
Cebuano is a member of the Philippine languages. Early trade contact resulted in a large number of older loan words from other languages being embedded in Cebuano, like Sanskrit (e.g. sangka, "fight" and bahandi, "wealth", from Sanskrit sanka and bhānda respectively), and Arabic (e.g. salámat, "thanks"; hukom or hukm, "judge"). It has also been influenced by thousands of words from Spanish, such as kurus [cruz] (cross), swerte [suerte] ("luck"), gwapa [guapa], ("beautiful"), merkado [mercado] ("market") and brilyante [brillante] ("brilliant"). It has several hundred loan words from English as well, which are altered to conform to the phonemic inventory of Cebuano: brislit (bracelet), hayskul (high school), syáping (shopping), bakwit (evacuate), and dráyber (driver). However, today, it is more common for Cebuanos to spell out those words in their original English form rather than with spelling that might conform to Cebuano standards.
A few common phrases in Cebuano include: 1. How are you? (used as a greeting) - Komusta ka? 2. Good morning - Maayong buntag 3. Good afternoon (specifically at 12:00 Noon up to 12:59 PM) - Maayong udto 4. Good afternoon - Maayong hapon 5. Good evening - Maayong gabii 6. Good bye - Ayo-ayo ("Take care", formal), Adios (rare), Babay (informal, corruption of "Goodbye"), Amping ("Take care"), Hangtod sa sunod nga higayon ("Until next time") Adto nako(I will go now) 7. You're so beautiful - Gwapa kay ka 8. Thanks! - Salamat 9. Thank you - Salamat sa imo 10. Many thanks! - Daghang Salamat 11. Thank you very much! - Daghan kaayong salamat 12. You're welcome - Walay sapayan 13. Do not (imperative) - Ayaw 14. Don't know - Ambot or Wala ko kabalo 15. Yes - O 16. Maybe - Basin 17. No 1. 1.1. Dili- for future verb negation ("will not", "does/do not", "not going to"); and negation of identity, membership, property, relation, or position ("[he/she/it/this/that] is not") 1.2. Wala- for past and pr...
The de facto Standard Cebuano dialect (sometimes referred to as General Cebuano) is derived from the conservative Sialo vernacular spoken in southeastern Cebu (also known as the Sialo dialect or the Carcar-Dalaguete dialect). It first gained prominence due to its adoption by the Catholic Church as the standard for written Cebuano. It retains the intervocalic /l/. In contrast, the Urban Cebuano dialect spoken by people in Metro Cebu and surrounding areas is characterized by /l/ elision and heavily contracted words and phrases. For example, waláy problema ("no problem") in Standard Cebuano can become way 'blema in Urban Cebuano. Colloquialisms can also be used to determine the regional origin of the speaker. Cebuano-speaking people from Cagayan de Oro and Dumaguete, for example, say chada or tsada/patsada (roughly translated to the English colloquialism "awesome") and people from Davao City say atchup which also translated to the same English context; meanwhile Cebuan...
Cebuano uses two numeral systems: The native system (currently) is mostly used in counting the number of things, animate and inanimate, e.g. the number of horses, houses. The spanish-derivedsystem, on the other hand, is exclusively applied in monetary terminology and is also commonly used in counting from 11 and above.
Bisaya is an indigenous people from the northwest coast of East Malaysia on the island of Borneo. Their population is concentrated around Beaufort , Kuala Penyu , Menumbok , Sipitang , Labuan Federal Territory and in Limbang District, Sarawak .
Bisaya (Borneo) Untuk kelompok etnis di Filipina, lihat Suku Visaya. Busana tradisional Bisaya Sarawak. Bisaya adalah penduduk asli barat laut dan pesisir Kalimantan, Malaysia. Mereka kebanyakan tinggal di dekat distrik Beaufort, Sungai Padas selain Kuala Penyu di wilayah Sabah.