Brazil is the longest country in the world, spanning 4,395 km (2,731 mi) from north to south. Brazil is also the only country in the world that has the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn running through it. Brazilian topography is also diverse and includes hills, mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands.
O Brasil também tem altos níveis de encarceramento e a quarta maior população carcerária do mundo (atrás de Estados Unidos, China e Rússia), com um total estimado em mais 600 mil presos (300 para cada 100 mil habitantes) em todo o país (junho de 2015), um aumento de cerca de 161% em relação ao índice registrado em 2000. 
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The first people to come to Brazil came around 9,000 B.C. That group of indigenous people is often called the South American Indians and probably came from North America. They practiced hunting, foraging, and farming.Over thousands of years, many different indigenous peoples were living there. Pedro Álvares Cabral was the first European to see Brazil. He saw it in 1500. He was from Portugal and the Portuguese kingdom claimed Brazil. Soon, Portugal colonized Brazil and created colonies all along the coastline. They began to import black slaves from Africa and force them to work. Because of the violence of the slave masters, many of these slaves would run away into the forest and create their own communities called quilombos. In the late 1500s and early 1600s, the Dutch and the French tried to take land in Brazil. Dutch, French, and Portuguese started moving inland further than the Treaty of Tordesillas said they could. This caused some fights with the Spaniards (people from Spain) an...
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese. Brazil is the only country in South America that speaks Portuguese. Some people in Brazil speak German dialects. That came from German immigrants. 2% of Brazilians speak German as their first language. Yiddish is spoken by the elders of the Jewishcommunity. Other people in Brazil speak their ancestors' languages like Italian, Japanese, Polish, Ukrainian, French, Russian, Lithuanian, Chinese, Dutch and Korean. Spanish or "Portunhol", a mix of Portuguese and Castilian (Spanish) is spoken at some of the borders. Indigenous languages as Guarani and Aymaráare the first languages of a small number of Brazilians.
Brazil has the world's largest rainforest, the Amazon Rainforest. It makes up 40% of the country's land area. Brazil also has other types of land, including a type of savanna called cerrado, and a dry plant region named caatinga. The most important cities are Brasília (the capital), Belém, Belo Horizonte, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Manaus, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, São Paulo (the biggest city) and Vitória. Other cities are at List of largest cities in Brazil. Brazil is divided into 26 statesplus the Federal District in five regions (north, south, northeast, southeast and centre-west): 1. North: Acre, Amazonas, Rondônia, Roraima, Pará, Amapá, Tocantins 2. Northeast: Maranhão, Pernambuco, Ceará, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia 3. Centre-West: Goiás, Mato grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Distrito Federal/ Federal District 4. Southeast: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais 5. South: Paraná, Santa Catarina...
Brazil is the largest country in South America and fifth largest in the world. Its people are called Brazilians or Brasileiros (In Portuguese). The people include citizens of Portuguese or other European descent who mainly live in the South and Southeast, Africans, Native Americans, Arabs, Gypsies and people of Mixed ancestry. Brazil also has the largest Japanese community outside Japan. Other East Asians follow the Japanese group.The Amazon River flows through Brazil, it is the 2nd longest river in the world (after the Nile).The current President of Brazil is Jair Messias Bolsonaro. Two major sporting events were held in Brazil recently: the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.Media related to Brazilat Wikimedia Commons
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Brasil, also known as Hy-Brasil or several other variants, is a phantom island said to lie in the Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland. Irish myths described it as cloaked in mist except for one day every seven years, when it becomes visible but still cannot be reached.
The etymology of the names Brasil and Hy-Brasil is unknown, but in Irish tradition it is thought to come from the Irish Uí Breasail, one of the ancient clans of northeastern Ireland. cf. Old Irish: Í: island; bres: beauty, worth, great, mighty. Despite the similarity, the name of the country Brazil, also spelled Brasil, has no connection to the mythical islands. The South American country was at first named Ilha de Vera Cruz and later Terra de Santa Cruz by the Portuguese navigators who ...
Nautical charts identified an island called "Bracile" west of Ireland in the Atlantic Ocean as far back as 1325, in a portolan chart by Angelino Dulcert. Later it appeared as Insula de Brasil in the Venetian map of Andrea Bianco, attached to one of the larger islands of a group of islands in the Atlantic. This was identified for a time with the modern island of Terceira in the Azores. A Catalan chart of about 1480 labels two islands "Illa de brasil", one to the south west of Ireland and one sout
Expeditions left Bristol in 1480 and 1481 to search for the island; and a letter written by Pedro de Ayala, shortly after the return of John Cabot, reports that land found by Cabot had been "discovered in the past by the men from Bristol who found Brasil". In 1674 a Captain John Nisbet claimed to have seen the island when on a journey from France to Ireland, stating that the island was inhabited by large black rabbits and a magician who lived alone in a stone castle, yet the character and the st
Margaret Elphinstone wrote a novel, Hy Brasil, about a woman who is sent to write the first-ever travel book on Hy Brasil. In Jack Vance's Lyonesse Trilogy, the largest island of the Elder Isles, where the titular kingdom is located, is called "Hybras", which the prologue of the first book states to be the in-universe origin for the name of Hy-Brasil. In the film Erik the Viking, the characters must travel to Hy-Brasil to obtain a magical horn. Fulfillment of a curse leads to the sinking of the
Dia da Independência do Chile ; Dia Nacional da Televisão no Brasil. 1809 – É reinaugurada a Royal Opera House em Londres. 1851 – Publicação da primeira edição do jornal nova-iorquino The New York Times (imagem). 1950 – Inauguração da TV Tupi São Paulo, iniciando as transmissões de televisão no Brasil. Nasceram neste dia…
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