Frédéric François Chopin, born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic period who wrote primarily for solo piano. He has maintained worldwide renown as a leading musician of his era, one whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was ...
Chopin also created the instrumental ballade, along with the addition of new ideas to the piano sonata, mazurka, waltz, nocturne, polonaise, étude, impromptu, scherzo and prélude. All of Chopin's works involve the piano. Death. Chopin suffered from poor health most of his life and died of tuberculosis in Paris in 1849 at age 39.
Kate Chopin (/ ˈ ʃ oʊ p æ n /, also US: / ʃ oʊ ˈ p æ n, ˈ ʃ oʊ p ən /; born Katherine O'Flaherty; February 8, 1850 – August 22, 1904) was an American author of short stories and novels based in Louisiana.
- Oscar Chopin, (m. 1870; died 1882)
- Novelist, short story writer
- The Awakening
Frédéric Chopin's compositions for piano and orchestra originated from the late 1820s to the early 1830s, and comprise three concert pieces he composed 1827–1828, while a student at the Central School of Music in Warsaw, two piano concertos, completed and premièred between finishing his studies and leaving Poland, and later drafts, resulting in two more published works. Among these, and the other works in the brilliant style which Chopin composed in this period, the concertos are the...
Together with a number of rondos, the Polonaise brillante and the Variations on "Der Schweizerbub", Chopin's compositions for piano and orchestra belong to a group of compositions in brilliant style, no longer confined by the tenets of the Classical period, which were written for the concert stage in the late 1820s to early 1830s. Other compositions of the same period, such as the Sonata and the Trio, kept closer to a classical approach, or had a more limited scope, for example the Nocturnes, an
Chronologically: 1. Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" in B♭ major, Op. 2. 2. Fantasy on Polish Airs, in A major, Op. 13. 3. Rondo à la Krakowiak, in F major, Op. 14. 4. Piano Concerto No. 2 in F minor, Op. 21. 5. Piano Concerto No. 1 in E minor, Op. 11. 6. Grande polonaise brillante, in 1834 expanded with an introductory Andante spianato for solo piano, and a fanfare-like transition to the earlier composition, together published as Op. 22. 7. Drafts for more concertos, ultimately ...
Contemporary press reported on Chopin's concert performances, in Vienna and Warsaw, of his works for piano and orchestra.
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Frédéric Chopin wrote 21 nocturnes for solo piano between 1827 and 1846. They are generally considered among the finest short solo works for the instrument and hold an important place in contemporary concert repertoire. Although Chopin did not invent the nocturne, he popularized and expanded on it, building on the form developed by Irish composer John Field. Chopin's nocturnes numbered 1 to 18 were published during his lifetime, in twos or threes, in the order of composition. However...
By the time of Chopin's birth in 1810, John Field was already an accomplished composer. Eventually, the young Chopin became a great admirer of Field, taking some influence from the Irish composer's playing and composing technique. Chopin had composed five of his nocturnes before meeting Field for the first time. In his youth, Chopin was often told that he sounded like Field, who in turn was later described as sounding "Chopinesque". The composer Friedrich Kalkbrenner, one of Chopin's early influ
While meters and keys vary, the nocturnes are generally set in ternary form, featuring a melancholy mood, and a clear melody floating over a left-hand accompaniment of arpeggios or broken chords. Repetitions of the main theme generally add increasingly ornate embellishments, notably in Opus 9 No. 2 in E♭. From the 7th and 8th nocturnes onwards, Chopin published them in contrasting pairs, although each can stand alone as a complete work. Exceptions to the ternary form pattern include Opus ...
When first published, Chopin's nocturnes were met with mixed reactions from critics. However, through time, many who had initially been displeased with the nocturnes found themselves retracting previous criticisms, holding the compositions in high regard. While the popularity of individual nocturnes has varied considerably since Chopin's death, they have retained a significant position in piano repertoire, with the Op. 9 No. 2 in E♭ major and the Op. 27 No. 2 in D♭ major perhaps the ...
Frédéric François Chopin [nota 1] (en polaco Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin; [nota 2] Żelazowa Wola, Gran Ducado de Varsovia, 1 de marzo   [nota 3] de 1810-París, 17 de octubre de 1849) fue un profesor, compositor y virtuoso pianista polaco, considerado uno de los más importantes de la historia y uno de los mayores representantes del Romanticismo musical.
- Case history
- Family history
- Autopsy and results
Frédéric Chopin's disease and the reason for his premature death at age 39 were frequently debated for over 150 years. Although he was diagnosed with and treated for tuberculosis throughout his lifetime, a number of alternative diagnoses have been suggested since his death in 1849. A comprehensive review of the possible causes of Chopin's illness was published in 2011. A visual examination of Chopin's heart, for which permission was finally given in 2017, indicated the likely cause of...
From childhood, Frédéric Chopin was sickly and under medical care. He showed intolerance to fatty foods, especially pork – these caused stomach aches, diarrhea and weight loss. Later he endeavored to avoid such symptoms with diet; he obtained substantial improvement with ingredients such as honey and oat bran. Chopin attained a height of 170 centimetres — the 25th percentile; and as an adult weighed under 45 kilograms — below the 3rd percentile.
It is uncertain how many physicians Chopin had; various authors have given the number as 14, 31 or "nearly 50". In addition, the composer had friendly relations with other physicians, who may also have occasionally provided him with assistance.
Little is known about the health of Frédéric's father, Nicolas Chopin, who lived to the age of 73 and suffered several times from respiratory infections. The composer's mother had no chronic illness and reached the age of 79.
Chopin was diagnosed with tuberculosis and treated for it in accordance with contemporary practice, including bloodletting and purging. Tuberculosis was listed on his death certificate, despite the alleged absence of typical organ changes. Critics of alternative hypotheses about Chopin's disease point out the abundant evidence for tuberculosis. Chronic coughs and hemoptysis are common symptoms of tuberculosis; complications may include both pericarditis, causing right-heart insufficiency, and br
Attempts were made to gain permission to extract a small amount of tissue from Chopin's heart in order to test it for a range of specific conditions. Dr. Michael Witt of Warsaw's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology made such a request in 2008, but permission was denied by the Polish government. In 2017, a visual inspection was at last performed on Chopin's alcohol-preserved heart, under the direction of Professor Witt of the Polish Academy of Sciences. The heart remained in alcohol, and the
- Ballade No. 1
- Ballade No. 2
- Ballade No. 3
- Ballade No. 4
Frédéric Chopin's four ballades are single-movement pieces for solo piano, composed between 1831 and 1842. They are considered to be some of the most important and challenging pieces in the standard piano repertoire.
The term ballade was used by Chopin in the sense of a balletic interlude or dance-piece, equivalent to the old Italian ballata, but the term may also have connotations of the medieval heroic ballad, a narrative minstrel-song, often of a fantastical character. There are dramatic and dance-like elements in Chopin's use of the genre, and he may be said to be a pioneer of the ballade as an abstract musical form. The four ballades are said to have been inspired by poet Adam Mickiewicz. The exact insp
The Ballade No. 1 in G minor, Op. 23, was completed in 1835 in Paris.
The Ballade No. 2 in F major, Op. 38, was composed from 1836 to 1839 in Nohant, France, and on the Spanish island of Mallorca.
The Ballade No. 3 in A♭ major, Op. 47, was composed in 1841 in Nohant.
The Ballade No. 4 in F minor, Op. 52, was composed in 1842 in Paris and Nohant and revised in 1843.
- Chopin Piano Competition for Amateurs
The International Chopin Piano Competition, often referred to as the Chopin Competition, is a piano competition held in Warsaw, Poland. It was initiated in 1927 and has been held every five years since 1955. It is one of the few competitions devoted entirely to the works of a single composer, in this case, Frédéric Chopin. The first competition was founded by the Polish pianist and pedagogue Jerzy Żurawlew. Subsequent editions were organized in 1932 and 1937; the post-war fourth and...
The jury has been chaired by: 1. Witold Maliszewski, composer 2. Adam Wieniawski, composer 3. Zbigniew Drzewiecki, pianist and teacher 4. Kazimierz Sikorski, composer and theoretician 5. Kazimierz Kord, conductor 6. Jan Ekier, pianist and teacher 7. Andrzej Jasiński, pianist and teacher 8. Katarzyna Popowa-Zydroń, pianist and teacher
Since 2009, the Chopin Piano Competition is held for amateur pianists as well. The amateur edition of the competition is organized by the Chopin Society of Warsaw. It is aimed at music lovers from all over the world, for whom playing the piano is a passion rather than a way of earning a living. Despite being much younger than other prominent competitions for amateur pianists, it has already attracted a significant number of top-level participants.