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Wikipedia Czech language
- Czech is a member of the West Slavic sub-branch of the Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. This branch includes Polish, Kashubian, Upper and Lower Sorbian and Slovak. ... Slovak is the closest language genetic neighbor of Czech, followed by Polish and Silesian.
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Czech ( / tʃɛk /; Czech čeština [ˈtʃɛʃcɪna] ), historically also Bohemian ( / boʊˈhiːmiən, bə -/; lingua Bohemica in Latin ), is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group, written in Latin script. Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic.
Purists' attempts to cleanse the language of germanisms (both real and fictitious) had been occurring by that time. The publication of Josef Jungmann’s five-part Czech-German Dictionary (1830–1835) contributed to the renewal of Czech vocabulary. Thanks to the enthusiasm of Czech scientists, Czech scientific terminology was created.
The Czech language is a Slavic language spoken by people in the Czech Republic. Ten million people speak it. It is very similar to the Slovak language; the differences between these two languages are small enough that speakers of Czech and Slovak usually understand each other. It has three genders and is an inflected language like Latin.
– in Europe (green & dark gray) – in the European Union (green) – [Legend] Capital and largest city Prague Official language Czech Officially recognized languages List Belarusian German Greek Hungarian Polish Romani Russian Rusyn Serbian Slovak Ukrainian Vietnamese Ethnic groups (2011) 64.3% Czechs 5.0% Moravians 1.4% Slovaks 0.5% Ukrainians 3.5% Others 25.3% No answer Religion (2011) 34 ...
- See Also
The Czech-Slav Society (also called the Society for the Czechoslovak Language and Literature) was created in 1829 by students of the Evangelical Lyceum in Bratislava, and became an important entity in the Slovak national movement. In 1836, Ľudovít Štúr, the leader of the Slovak national revival in the 19th century wrote a letter to the important Czech historian František Palacký. Stating that the Czech language used by the Protestants in Upper Hungaryhad become incomprehensible for the ordinary Slovaks, Štúr proposed to create a unified Czechoslovak language, provided that the Czechs would be willing to use some Slovak words – just like Slovaks would officially accept some Czech words. However, in the first half of the 20th century the radical concept of "Czechoslovakism" set forward the Czech language as the literary norm, while the Slovak language was considered to be a local dialect, as was the Moravian language. The concept of Czechoslovakism was necessary in order to justify th...Václav Dědina (1936). Československá vlastivěda (in Czech). 5. Praha: Sfinx. p. 164.Ján Gronský (2005). Komentované dokumenty k ústavním dějinám Československa(in Czech). Praha: Univerzita Karlova. p. 107.Josef Holub (1933). Stručný slovník etymologický jazyka československého[A Short Etymological Dictionary of the Czechoslovak Language]. Prague: Státní nakladatelství.František Cyril Kampelík (1847). Krása a wýbornosti česko-slowenského jazyka, jímžto asi 8 milionů lidí w Čechách a na Morawě, we Slezsku a Slowensku mluwí [The Beauty and Excellence of the Czech-S...